The State of the World's Children 1998: Focus on Nutrition

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Table 5 (cont.)

Demographic Indicators (Regional Summaries)

Countries in each region Population (thousands) 1996 Population annual growth rate (%) Crude death rate Crude birth rate Life Expectancy Total fertility rate 1996 % of population urbanized 1996 Average annual growth rate of urban population (%)
under 18 under 5 1965-80 1980-96 1970 1996 1970 1996 1970 1996 1965-80 1980-96
Sub-Saharan Africa 298349 103119 2.7 2.9 21 15 48 43 44 51 5.9 32 5.2 5.0
Middle East and North Africa 150639 46229 2.9 3.0 17 7 45 32 52 65 4.5 56 4.8 4.3
South Asia 536418 156634 2.3 2.1 18 9 41 28 48 61 3.5 27 3.8 3.4
East Asia and Pacific 598624 165346 2.2 1.5 11 7 35 19 58 68 2.1 33 3.4 4.1
Latin America and Caribbean 189383 53761 2.5 1.9 10 6 37 23 60 69 2.8 74 3.8 2.7
CEE/CIS and Baltic States 137929 33210 1.1 0.7 9 11 20 14 66 68 1.9 67 2.3 1.7
Industrialized countries 191260 51706 0.8 0.6 10 9 17 12 72 77 1.7 78 1.2 0.8
Developing countries 1827055 540175 2.3 2.0 14 9 38 26 53 62 3.2 38 3.9 3.8
Least developed countries 298758 97112 2.5 2.5 22 14 48 40 43 51 5.3 23 5.4 5.0
World 2102602 610005 2.0 1.7 13 9 32 23 56 63 2.9 46 2.8 2.8

Definitions of the indicators Main data sources

Under-five mortality rate - Probability of dying between birth and exactly five years of age expressed per 1,000 live births.
GNP per capita - Gross national product (GNP) is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers, plus any taxes that are not included in the valuation of output, plus net receipts of primary income from non-resident sources. GNP per capita is the gross national product, converted to United States dollars using the World Bank Atlas method, divided by the mid-year population.
Total fertility rate - The number of children that would be born per woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children at each age in accordance with prevailing age-specific fertility rates.
Average annual rate of reduction required 1996-2000 - The average annual reduction rate required, for the period 1996-2000, to achieve an under-five mortality rate in the year 2000 of 70 per 1,000 live births or two thirds the 1990 rate, whichever is less.

Under-five and infant mortality rates — UNICEF, United Nations Population Division and United Nations Statistics Division.
GNP per capita — World Bank.
Fertility - United Nations Population Division.

Notes
- Data not available.
x Indicates data that refer to years or periods other than those specified in the column heading, differ from the standard definition, or refer to only part of a country.

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