The State of the World's Children
1998: Focus on Nutrition

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Table 5 (cont.)

Demographic Indicators

Under-5 mortality rank Population (thousands) 1996 Population annual growth rate (%) Crude death rate Crude brith rate Life Expectancy Total fertility rate 1996 % of population urbanized 1996 Average anual rate of reduction (%)
under 18 under 5 1965-80 1980-96 1970 1996 1970 1996 1970 1996 1965-80 1980-96
Lesotho 32 1010 326 2.3 2.6 20 11 43 36 48 58 5.0 25 7.3 6.5
Liberia 5 1107 331 3.0 1.1 21 19 49 48 46 48 6.5 48 6.1 3.1
Libya 70 2896 987 4.2 3.8 16 7 49 41 52 65 6.1 86 10.4 5.2
Liechtenstein 164 7 2 2.2 1.3 - - - - - - - 19 1.5 1.1
Lithuania 139 957 229 0.9 0.5 9 12 17 11 71 70 1.6 72 3.0 1.6
Luxembourg 164 88 26 0.6 0.8 12 10 13 13 70 76 1.7 90 2.1 1.6
Madagascar 21 8185 2761 2.6 3.3 19 10 47 42 45 58 5.8 27 5.3 5.8
Malawi 8 5266 1868 2.9 2.9 25 22 56 49 40 41 6.8 14 7.1 5.6
Malaysia 149 8916 2668 2.5 2.5 10 5 37 26 61 72 3.4 54 4.7 4.1
Maldives 61 140 47 2.5 3.2 17 8 40 42 50 64 6.8 27 6.6 4.5
Mali 7 5995 2183 2.2 3.0 26 18 51 48 38 47 6.8 28 4.8 5.5
Marshall Islands 54 26 8 3.4 3.0 - - - - - - - 70 2.4 4.3
Mauritania 15 1157 380 2.3 2.6 22 13 45 39 43 53 5.1 53 9.7 6.7
Mauritius 123 377 111 1.7 1.0 7 7 29 20 62 71 2.3 41 2.6 0.7
Mexico 102 38611 11234 3.0 2.0 10 5 44 25 61 72 2.9 74 4.2 2.6
Micronesia, Fed. States of 116 58 19 3.1 2.6 - 7 - 33 58 - - 29 3.7 3.4
Moldova, Rep. of 102 1382 327 1.2 0.6 10 11 19 14 65 68 1.9 52 3.7 2.3
Monaco 175 7 2 1.4 1.1 - - - - - - - 100 1.4 1.1
Mongolia 67 1135 314 2.8 2.6 14 7 42 28 53 65 3.4 61 4.2 3.6
Morocco 64 11526 3375 2.5 2.1 17 7 47 26 52 66 3.3 53 4.2 3.6
Mozambique 9 9114 3193 2.5 2.4 22 18 46 43 42 47 6.2 35 9.5 8.6
Myanmar 25 19055 5675 2.2 1.9 17 10 40 28 49 59 3.4 26 3.1 2.5
Namibia 60 767 252 2.6 2.7 18 12 43 36 48 56 5.0 37 4.6 5.7
Nauru 104 5 2 2.2 2.8 - - - - - - - 100 2.2 2.8
Nepal 42 10887 3593 2.3 2.6 22 12 45 37 42 56 5.1 11 6.5 5.7
Netherlands 175 3394 976 0.9 0.6 8 9 17 12 74 78 1.6 89 1.2 0.6
New Zealand 164 988 292 1.1 0.9 9 8 22 16 72 77 2.1 86 1.5 1.1
Nicaragua 73 2130 659 3.1 2.6 14 6 48 34 54 68 4.0 63 4.6 3.6
Niger 1 5197 1931 2.8 3.3 26 18 58 51 38 48 7.2 19 6.9 5.8
Nigeria 14 59722 21052 2.6 2.9 21 14 46 43 43 52 6.1 41 5.7 5.5
Niue - 1 0 - - - - - - - - - 50 - -
Norway 175 1000 298 0.6 0.4 10 11 17 14 74 77 1.9 73 2.0 0.6
Oman 139 1233 444 3.9 4.4 21 4 50 44 47 70 7.2 78 14.6 10.1
Pakistan 33 68346 22773 2.7 3.1 19 8 48 37 49 63 5.2 35 3.8 4.5
Palau 97 8 3 2.7 2.2 - - - - - - - 71 3.1 2.5
Panama 133 1040 305 2.7 2.0 8 5 37 23 65 74 2.7 56 3.5 2.6
Papua New Guinea 44 2014 637 2.4 2.2 18 10 42 33 46 57 4.8 16 8.6 3.6
Paraguay 100 2361 743 2.7 2.9 9 6 37 32 66 69 4.3 53 3.6 4.4
Peru 72 10074 2901 2.8 2.0 14 7 42 26 54 68 3.1 71 4.2 2.6
Philippines 93 30923 9602 2.7 2.3 10 6 39 29 57 68 3.7 55 3.9 4.7
Poland 147 10589 2422 0.8 0.5 8 11 17 12 70 71 1.7 64 1.8 1.1
Portugal 164 2146 557 0.4 0.0 11 11 20 11 67 75 1.5 36 1.8 1.3
Qatar 132 175 50 7.9 5.6 13 4 34 19 61 71 3.9 92 8.6 6.0
Romania 117 5646 1195 1.0 0.1 9 11 20 11 69 70 1.4 56 2.8 1.0
Russian Federation 117 37115 7389 0.6 0.4 9 14 15 10 69 65 1.4 76 1.8 1.0
Rwanda 19 2880 950 3.2 0.3 21 27 53 43 44 36 6.2 6 6.8 1.9
Saint Kitts and Nevis 93 15 4 -0.7 -0.4 11 12 - 20 - 69 - 34 0.4 -0.8
Saint Lucia 127 51 15 1.3 1.4 - 6 41 28 62 71 - 38 1.0 1.4
Saint Vincent/Grenadines 123 40 12 1.0 0.9 - 7 - 22 63 72 - 50 5.4 4.6
Samoa 77 75 20 1.2 0.4 12 6 44 27 57 69 3.9 22 1.9 0.5
San Marino 149 5 1 1.4 1.1 - - - - - - - 96 4.2 2.2
Sao Tome and Principe 57 71 25 2.2 2.3 - 7 - 35 - 69 - 44 5.3 4.4
Saudi Arabia 108 9033 2977 4.6 4.2 18 4 48 35 52 71 6.0 84 8.2 5.7
Senegal 36 4359 1470 2.8 2.7 25 15 49 42 39 51 5.8 44 3.4 4.0
Seychelles 136 39 13 2.0 1.0 - 7 - 22 - 72 - 55 4.9 3.1
Sierra Leone 3 2163 765 1.9 1.8 30 27 49 47 34 37 6.2 34 5.5 4.0
Singapore 189 888 294 1.7 2.1 5 5 23 16 69 77 1.8 100 1.7 2.1
Slovakia 154 1468 348 0.9 0.4 10 11 19 12 70 71 1.6 59 3.1 1.3
Slovenia 175 426 92 0.8 0.3 10 11 17 10 70 73 1.3 52 3.4 0.7
Solomon Islands 113 199 65 3.4 3.4 10 4 46 37 60 71 5.1 18 4.6 6.6
Somalia 10 5308 1941 3.1 2.4 24 17 50 50 40 48 7.0 26 3.9 3.4
South Africa 69 18378 5761 2.6 2.3 14 8 39 30 53 65 3.9 50 2.7 2.5
Spain 186 8172 1935 1.1 0.3 9 9 20 10 72 78 1.2 77 2.2 0.7
Sri Lanka 136 6382 1588 1.9 1.3 8 6 30 18 65 73 2.1 22 2.4 1.5
Sudan 42 13026 3999 2.8 2.4 21 12 47 34 43 54 4.7 32 5.6 5.4
Suriname 104 173 50 0.4 1.2 8 6 37 23 63 71 2.5 50 0.1 1.9
Swaziland 53 439 144 2.8 2.8 19 10 48 37 46 59 4.6 32 9.5 6.5
Sweden 189 1963 584 0.5 0.4 10 11 14 12 74 78 1.9 83 1.0 0.4
Switzerland 186 1500 423 0.5 0.8 9 9 16 11 73 78 1.5 61 1.0 1.3
Syria 100 7485 2103 3.3 3.2 14 5 47 31 56 68 4.2 53 4.3 4.0
Tajikistan 61 2842 835 3.0 2.5 10 7 40 31 63 67 4.0 32 2.9 2.2
Tanzania 29 16154 5479 3.0 3.2 19 14 50 42 45 51 5.6 25 9.9 6.5
TFYR Macedonia 108 636 164 1.3 1.2 8 7 25 15 66 72 2.0 60 3.2 1.9
Thailand 93 19529 4830 2.8 1.4 10 6 38 17 58 69 1.8 20 4.7 2.5
Togo 38 2197 766 3.2 3.0 20 15 46 43 44 50 6.2 31 7.9 4.9
Tonga 123 41 12 1.5 0.4 - 6 - 28 - 69 - 42 2.6 3.9
Trinidad and Tobago 143 467 108 1.3 1.1 7 6 28 17 66 73 2.2 72 1.2 2.0
Tunisia 97 3742 1044 2.2 2.2 14 6 39 24 54 69 3.0 63 4.0 3.4
Turkey 82 22986 6388 2.4 2.1 13 7 37 22 56 68 2.6 71 4.0 5.0
Turkmenistan 58 1887 570 2.8 2.3 11 8 38 30 60 65 3.7 45 2.8 2.1
Tuvalu 74 4 1 1.9 1.4 - - - - - - - 40 4.6 4.3
Uganda 30 11239 4066 3.3 2.7 19 21 50 51 46 41 7.1 13 5.3 5.1
Ukraine 121 12377 2771 0.7 0.2 9 14 15 10 71 69 1.5 71 2.0 1.0
United Arab Emirates 139 781 213 13.0 5.0 11 3 36 19 61 75 3.6 84 15.6 6.0
United Kingdom 164 13333 3681 0.2 0.2 12 11 16 12 72 77 1.7 89 0.4 0.2
United States 163 70382 20014 1.0 1.0 9 9 17 14 71 76 2.0 76 1.1 1.2
Uruguay 127 941 263 0.5 0.6 10 10 21 17 69 73 2.3 90 0.9 1.0
Uzbekistan 71 10614 3162 3.0 2.3 10 7 36 29 63 68 3.6 41 3.9 2.4
Vanuatu 77 86 27 3.0 2.5 14 6 46 34 53 67 4.5 19 6.4 2.8
Venezuela 115 9411 2770 3.4 2.4 7 5 38 26 65 72 3.1 86 4.5 3.0
Viet Nam 85 32318 9558 2.2 2.1 15 7 38 26 49 67 3.1 19 3.3 2.2
Yemen 50 8498 3084 2.3 4.0 23 11 53 48 41 57 7.6 34 6.3 7.4
Yugoslavia, Fed. Rep. 127 2678 655 0.8 0.5 9 10 19 13 68 72 1.8 57 3.0 1.8
Zambia 13 4562 1483 3.1 2.3 19 18 49 43 46 43 5.6 43 6.6 2.8
Zimbabwe 65 5822 1951 3.1 3.0 16 14 50 38 50 49 4.8 33 6.0 5.3

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