The State of the World's Children 1998: Focus on Nutrition

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Table 5

Demographic Indicators

Under-5 mortality rank Population (thousands) 1996 Population annual growth rate (%) Crude death rate Crude brith rate Life Expectancy Total fertility rate 1996 % of population urbanized 1996 Average annual growth rate of urban population (%)
under 18 under 5 1965-80 1980-96 1970 1996 1970 1996 1970 1996 1965-80 1980-96
Afghanistan 4 9685 3734 1.9 1.6 27 21 52 52 37 45 6.9 20 5.3 3.3
Albania 88 1246 363 2.4 1.5 8 6 33 22 67 71 2.7 38 2.9 2.2
Algeria 92 13138 3900 3.0 2.7 16 6 49 30 53 68 4.0 57 4.0 4.3
Andorra 175 15 4 6.4 4.6 - - - - - - - 94 6.2 4.4
Angola 2 6049 2200 2.0 2.9 27 19 49 49 37 47 6.8 32 5.4 5.5
Antigua and Barbuda 127 23 7 0.6 0.5 - 6 26 17 67 75 - 36 0.3 0.8
Argentina 117 12130 3439 1.5 1.4 9 8 23 20 67 73 2.7 88 2.1 1.8
Armenia 108 1213 285 2.3 1.0 6 7 24 15 72 71 1.8 69 3.4 1.3
Australia 175 4601 1312 1.6 1.3 9 7 20 14 71 78 1.9 85 1.9 1.3
Austria 175 1721 463 0.3 0.4 13 10 15 11 70 77 1.4 64 0.2 0.4
Azerbaijan 85 2828 790 2.0 1.3 7 7 29 20 68 71 2.4 56 2.5 1.7
Bahamas 123 96 24 2.7 1.9 7 5 27 18 66 73 2.0 87 2.9 2.8
Bahrain 127 207 65 4.0 3.1 9 4 40 22 62 73 3.1 91 3.8 3.8
Bangladesh 44 57200 13377 2.8 1.9 21 10 48 27 44 57 3.2 19 6.7 5.2
Barbados 152 72 19 0.4 0.3 9 9 22 15 69 76 1.7 48 1.1 1.4
Belarus 139 2655 584 0.8 0.4 9 12 17 11 71 70 1.5 72 3.4 1.9
Belgium 164 2166 594 0.3 0.2 12 11 15 11 71 77 1.6 97 0.4 0.3
Belize 85 106 33 2.1 2.5 8 4 40 32 66 74 3.8 47 1.7 2.2
Benin 31 3050 1024 2.4 3.0 25 13 53 43 43 54 6.0 39 7.6 5.2
Bhutan 36 887 306 2.0 2.1 23 14 43 41 40 52 5.9 6 4.4 5.2
Bolivia 51 3556 1160 2.4 2.2 20 9 45 34 46 61 4.5 62 3.2 4.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 143 933 205 0.9 -0.5 7 7 23 11 66 73 1.4 43 3.9 0.7
Botswana 80 745 237 3.3 3.1 15 12 50 36 52 52 4.6 63 12.5 12.0
Brazil 79 60228 15626 2.4 1.8 10 7 35 20 59 67 2.3 79 4.3 2.9
Brunei Darussalam 154 118 35 4.2 2.8 7 3 36 23 67 75 2.8 70 5.1 3.7
Bulgaria 136 1903 433 0.5 -0.3 9 13 16 10 71 71 1.5 69 2.4 0.4
Burkina Faso 23 5821 2054 2.3 2.8 25 18 53 46 40 46 6.7 16 5.6 6.9
Burundi 17 3292 1130 1.7 2.6 20 18 44 44 44 46 6.4 8 6.2 6.3
Cambodia 19 4822 1564 0.4 2.9 21 13 42 35 43 53 4.6 21 1.3 6.2
Cameroon 51 6879 2322 2.6 2.8 21 12 45 40 44 56 5.4 46 6.9 5.2
Canada 164 7185 2003 1.5 1.2 7 7 17 13 73 79 1.6 77 1.7 1.3
Cape Verde 65 190 59 1.6 2.0 12 8 41 32 57 66 3.7 56 3.4 7.4
Central African Rep. 21 1626 537 2.1 2.3 22 17 43 38 42 49 5.1 40 4.0 3.1
Chad 27 3241 1127 2.0 2.3 26 18 45 42 38 47 5.6 23 6.9 3.5
Chile 149 4961 1465 1.8 1.6 10 6 30 20 62 75 2.5 84 2.6 1.8
China 82 378019 101412 2.1 1.3 9 7 33 17 61 69 1.8 31 2.8 4.2
Colombia 104 14640 4303 2.4 2.0 9 6 37 24 61 71 2.8 73 3.6 2.8
Comoros 39 336 112 3.1 3.1 19 11 50 42 47 57 5.7 31 5.5 4.9
Congo 48 1392 490 2.7 2.9 20 15 46 43 46 51 6.0 59 4.3 5.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 12 25140 9084 2.9 3.4 20 14 48 46 45 53 6.4 29 3.5 3.5
Cook Islands 108 8 2 -0.4 0.3 - - - - - - - 63 - 1.1
Costa Rica 146 1424 422 2.9 2.7 7 4 35 25 67 77 3.0 50 3.7 3.6
Côte d'Ivoire 25 7192 2239 4.0 3.4 20 14 52 38 44 51 5.3 44 6.7 4.8
Croatia 154 1034 245 0.4 0.2 10 12 15 11 69 72 1.6 56 2.8 0.9
Cuba 159 2867 776 1.5 0.8 7 7 29 14 70 76 1.6 76 2.6 1.5
Cyprus 159 226 63 0.3 1.3 10 8 20 17 71 77 2.3 54 1.6 2.4
Czech Rep. 164 2400 595 0.4 0.0 13 12 16 11 70 73 1.5 66 2.1 0.2
Denmark 175 1108 341 0.5 0.1 10 12 16 13 73 75 1.8 85 1.0 0.3
Djibouti 24 292 96 6.4 4.9 23 15 48 39 40 50 5.5 82 8.4 5.6
Dominica 133 25 7 0.8 -0.3 11 6 26 23 - 73 - 69 2.8 0.3
Dominican Rep. 74 3255 953 2.7 2.1 11 5 42 25 58 71 2.9 63 5.1 3.4
Ecuador 88 4973 1455 2.9 2.4 12 6 42 26 58 70 3.2 60 4.5 3.9
Egypt 58 27791 7800 2.2 2.3 17 7 40 27 51 65 3.5 45 2.7 2.5
El Salvador 88 2565 771 2.7 1.5 12 6 44 29 57 69 3.2 45 3.2 2.1
Equatorial Guinea 18 202 71 -1.5 4.0 25 17 42 42 40 49 5.6 44 -1.2 6.9
Eritrea 41 1650 569 2.6 2.0 21 15 47 41 43 50 5.5 18 4.8 3.6
Estonia 145 358 73 0.9 0.0 11 13 15 10 70 69 1.4 73 1.7 0.3
Ethiopia 16 30615 11257 2.4 2.9 24 17 50 48 40 49 7.0 16 4.5 5.6
Fiji 121 326 87 2.1 1.4 7 5 35 23 64 72 2.8 41 3.1 1.9
Finland 189 1170 326 0.3 0.4 10 10 15 12 70 76 1.8 63 2.4 0.8
France 175 13492 3563 0.7 0.5 11 9 17 12 72 79 1.7 75 1.3 0.6
Gabon 28 487 167 2.2 2.9 21 15 32 37 44 55 5.3 51 5.5 5.5
Gambia 49 535 189 3.1 3.6 28 18 49 41 36 46 5.3 30 5.5 6.2
Georgia 113 1529 405 0.8 0.4 10 9 19 14 68 73 2.0 59 1.7 1.3
Germany 175 15836 3978 0.2 0.3 12 11 14 9 71 76 1.3 87 0.6 0.6
Ghana 47 9110 2987 2.1 3.1 17 11 46 39 49 57 5.4 36 3.3 4.1
Greece 161 2168 517 0.8 0.5 8 10 17 10 72 78 1.4 59 2.1 0.7
Grenada 104 33 10 -0.6 0.2 - - - - - - - 37 -0.2 1.0
Guatemala 74 5563 1824 2.8 2.9 15 7 45 37 52 66 5.0 39 3.4 3.2
Guinea 11 4027 1462 1.6 3.3 28 19 52 49 37 46 6.7 30 4.9 6.0
Guinea-Bissau 6 523 181 2.8 2.0 27 21 41 41 36 44 5.5 22 3.9 3.6
Guyana 56 315 92 1.1 0.6 11 8 38 23 60 64 2.4 36 1.4 1.6
Haiti 34 3389 1091 1.7 1.9 19 13 39 34 47 54 4.7 32 3.7 3.9
Holy See - - - - - - - - - - - - 100 - -
Honduras 97 2924 939 3.1 3.1 15 6 48 35 53 69 4.5 44 5.1 4.6
Hungary 152 2250 561 0.4 -0.4 11 15 15 11 69 69 1.5 65 1.8 0.4
Iceland 186 78 23 1.1 1.1 7 7 22 17 74 79 2.2 92 1.6 1.3
India 46 382891 111216 2.2 2.0 17 9 39 26 49 62 3.2 27 3.6 3.0
Indonesia 67 77807 21884 2.3 1.8 18 8 40 24 48 64 2.7 36 4.6 4.9
Iran 96 35706 11348 3.1 3.6 16 6 45 35 55 69 4.9 60 4.9 4.8
Iraq 39 10116 3158 3.3 2.9 16 9 48 37 55 61 5.4 75 5.0 3.8
Ireland 164 1039 241 1.1 0.3 11 9 22 13 71 76 1.9 58 2.0 0.5
Israel 161 1950 568 2.8 2.4 7 6 26 21 71 77 2.8 90 3.4 2.5
Italy 164 10492 2686 0.5 0.1 10 10 17 9 72 78 1.2 67 1.0 0.1
Jamaica 154 924 281 1.3 1.0 8 6 35 22 67 74 2.5 54 2.7 1.9
Japan 175 24730 6178 1.1 0.4 7 8 19 10 72 80 1.5 78 1.9 0.6
Jordan 117 2789 960 2.7 4.0 18 5 51 38 54 69 5.3 72 4.4 5.2
Kazakstan 84 5890 1519 1.5 0.7 9 8 26 19 64 68 2.4 60 2.4 1.4
Kenya 55 14739 4419 3.6 3.2 18 11 53 37 50 54 5.0 30 7.7 7.0
Kiribati 61 37 12 2.0 1.7 - 9 - 28 49 58 - 36 5.0 2.6
Korea, Dem. People's Rep. 108 6986 2311 2.5 1.5 10 6 40 21 60 72 2.1 62 4.1 2.0
Korea, Rep. of 164 12646 3387 1.9 1.1 10 6 30 15 60 72 1.7 82 5.7 3.4
Kuwait 147 756 187 7.1 1.3 6 2 47 22 66 76 2.9 100 8.1 2.0
Kyrgyzstan 80 1904 564 2.3 1.3 11 7 31 26 62 68 3.3 39 2.7 1.4
Lao People's Dem. Rep. 35 2574 917 1.8 2.8 23 14 44 45 40 53 6.7 21 5.0 5.7
Latvia 133 609 133 0.7 -0.1 11 14 14 10 70 68 1.5 73 1.6 0.4
Lebanon 88 1223 376 1.4 0.9 11 7 35 25 64 69 2.9 87 4.1 2.0

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