The State of the World's Children 1998: Focus on Nutrition

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Table 4 (cont.)

Demographic Indicators (Regional Summaries)

Countries in each region

Adult literacy rate

Number of sets per 1000 population 1994 Primary school enrollment ratio

% of primary school children reaching grade 5 1990-95

Secondary school enrolment ratio 1990-95 (gross)
1980 1995 radio television 1960 (gross) 1990-95 (gross) 1993-97 (net) male female
male female male female male female male female male female
Sub-Saharan Africa 51 30 66 47 147 26 47 24 81 67 61 55 67 27 22
Middle East and North Africa 55 27 70 47 255 99 65 34 99 85 85 76 91 62 51
South Asia 52 24 63 36 80 34 77 39 107 82 75 63 59 52 33
East Asia and Pacific 80 58 91 76 196 156 119 76 117 113 98 96 90 57 49
Latin America and Caribbean 82 77 88 85 349 170 74 70 107 105 89 90 74 52 56
CEE/CIS and Baltic States 92 81 98 96 379 308 100 86 98 96 95 94 89 84 82
Industrialized countries 98 96 98 96 1287 623 109 109 105 104 98 98 99 98 99
Developing countries 68 46 79 62 178 105 92 58 105 92 83 76 75 52 41
Least developed countries 47 24 60 38 96 10 48 23 78 62 64 55 58 22 13
World 74 56 81 66 359 197 95 64 105 93 85 79 77 58 50

Definitions of the indicators Main data sources
Adult literacy rate - Percentage of persons aged 15 and over who can read and write.
Gross primary or secondary school enrolment ratio - The number of children enrolled in a level (primary or secondary), regardless of age, divided by the population of the age group which officially corresponds to the same level.
Net primary school enrolment ratio - The number of children enrolled in primary school, who belong to the age group that officially corresponds to primary schooling, divided by the total population of the same age group. Data from household surveys on children attending school have been used to fill blanks and to replace UNESCO reported data that are three years or more older than the survey data. Such data are identified by a "y".
Children reaching grade 5 of primary school -
Percentage of the children entering the first grade of primary school who eventually reach grade 5.

Adult literacy -United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
Radio and television - United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
Net primary school enrolment -United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) and Demographic and Health Surveys.
Gross school enrolment and reaching grade 5 - United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).

Notes

- Data not available.
x Indicates data that refer to years or periods other than those specified in the column heading, differ from the standard definition, or refer to only part of a country.
y Indicates net primary school data derived from household surveys.

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