The State of the World's Children 1998: Focus on Nutrition

Home | UNICEF in Action | Highlights | Information Resources | Donations, Greeting Cards & Gifts | Press Centre | Voices of Youth | About UNICEF

Table 3 (cont.)

Health (Regional Summaries)

Countries in each region % of population with access to safe water 1990-96 % of population with access to adequate sanitation 1990-96 % of routine EPI vaccines financed by government 1995-96 total

% fully immunized 1995-96 One year old children

% fully immunized 1995-96 ORT use rate (%) 1996-97
total urban rural total urban rural TB DPT polio measles pregnant women tetanus
Sub-Saharan Africa 49 79 36 44 73 33 48 70 52 53 56 38 81
Middle East and North Africa 81 95 67 72 91 52 71 91 86 87 86 57 59
South Asia 80 85 78 33 71 19 93 93 83 83 77 71 73
East Asia and Pacific 67 93 57 35 76 18 89 95 92 92 92 35 87
Latin America and Caribbean 77 88 46 71 81 41 97 93 79 79 78 58 58
CEE/CIS and Baltic States - - - - - - - 89 89 93 89 - -
Industrialized countries - - - - - - - - 86 89 83 - -
Developing countries 70 88 61 42 78 23 82 88 79 80 78 51 76
Least developed countries 54 78 48 35 66 28 21 78 60 60 59 48 80
World 71 89 61 42 78 23 82 89 80 81 79 51 76

Definitions of the indicators Main data sources
Government funding of vaccines - Percentage of vaccines routinely administered in a country to protect children against TB, DPT, measles and polio that are financed by the national government.
EPI - Extended Programme on Immunization: the immunizations in this programme include those against TB, DPT, polio and measles, as well as protecting babies against neonatal tetanus by vaccination of pregnant women. Other vaccines (e.g. against hepatitis B or yellow fever) may be included in the programme in some countries.
DPT - Diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough) and tetanus.
ORT use - Percentage of all cases of diarrhoea in children under five years of age treated with oral rehydration salts and/or recommended home fluids.
Access to safe drinking water and adequate sanitation facilities - UNICEF, World Health Organization (WHO) and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS).
Government funding of vaccines - UNICEF.
Immunization - World Health Organization (WHO), UNICEF, Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) and Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS).
ORT use - Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS), Demographic and Health Surveys and World Health Organization (WHO).
Notes
- Data not available.
x Indicates data that refer to years or periods other than those specified in the column heading, differ from the standard definition, or refer to only part of a country.

Previous | Contents | Continue


Home | UNICEF in Action | Highlights | Information Resources | Donations, Greeting Cards & Gifts | Press Centre | Voices of Youth | About UNICEF