The State of the World's Children 1998: Focus on Nutrition

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Table 2 (cont.)

Nutrition (Regional Summaries)

Countries in each region % of infants with low birthweight 1990-94 % of children (1990-96) who are % of under-fives (1990-97) suffering from Total goitre rate (6-11 years) (%) 1985-94 % of households consuming iodized salt 1992-96
exclusively breastfed (0-3 months) breastfed with complementary food (6-9 months) still breastfeeding (20-23) months underweight moderate and severe underweight severe wasting moderate and severe stunting moderate and severe
Sub-Saharan Africa 16 32 61 47 30 10 8 42 18 50
Middle East and North Africa 11 43 39 - 17 5 7 23 20 52
South Asia 33 46 32 65 51 19 17 52 18 61
East Asia and Pacific 11 56 70 - 20 - - - 21 52
Latin America and Caribbean 10 38 44 22 10 1 3 18 12 87
CEE/CIS and Baltic States - - - - - - - - 20 25
Industrialized countries 6 - - - - - - - - -
Developing countries 18 44 45 50 30 11 11 37 18 57
Least developed countries 23 46 56 51 39 13 10 47 29 38
World 17 44 45 50 30 11 11 37 18 56

Definitions of the indicators Main data sources
Low birthweight - Less than 2,500 grams.
Underweight - Moderate and severe - below minus two standard deviations from median weight for age of reference population; severe - below minus three standard deviations from median weight for age of reference population.
Wasting - Moderate and severe - below minus two standard deviations from median weight for height of reference population.
Stunting - Moderate and severe - below minus two standard deviations from median height for age of reference population.
Total goitre rate - Percentage of children aged 6-11 with palpable or visible goitre. This is an indicator of iodine deficiency, which causes brain damage and mental retardation.

Low birthweight - World Health Organization (WHO).
Breastfeeding - Demographic and Health Surveys, Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) and World Health Organization (WHO).
Underweight, wasting and stunting -Demographic and Health Surveys, Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) and World Health Organization (WHO).
Salt iodization -UNICEF and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS).
Goitre rate - World Health Organization (WHO).

Notes
- Data not available.
x Indicates data that refer to years or periods other than those specified in the column heading, differ from the standard definition, or refer to only part of a country.

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