Table 2 (cont.)
Nutrition (Regional Summaries)
|Countries in each region||% of infants with low birthweight 1990-94||% of children (1990-96) who are||% of under-fives (1990-97) suffering from||Total goitre rate (6-11 years) (%) 1985-94||% of households consuming iodized salt 1992-96|
|exclusively breastfed (0-3 months)||breastfed with complementary food (6-9 months)||still breastfeeding (20-23) months||underweight moderate and severe||underweight severe||wasting moderate and severe||stunting moderate and severe|
|Middle East and North Africa||11||43||39||-||17||5||7||23||20||52|
|East Asia and Pacific||11||56||70||-||20||-||-||-||21||52|
|Latin America and Caribbean||10||38||44||22||10||1||3||18||12||87|
|CEE/CIS and Baltic States||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||20||25|
|Least developed countries||23||46||56||51||39||13||10||47||29||38|
|Definitions of the indicators||Main data sources|
| Low birthweight - Less than 2,500 grams.
Underweight - Moderate and severe - below minus two standard deviations from median weight for age of reference population; severe - below minus three standard deviations from median weight for age of reference population.
Wasting - Moderate and severe - below minus two standard deviations from median weight for height of reference population.
Stunting - Moderate and severe - below minus two standard deviations from median height for age of reference population.
Total goitre rate - Percentage of children aged 6-11 with palpable or visible goitre. This is an indicator of iodine deficiency, which causes brain damage and mental retardation.
Low birthweight - World Health Organization (WHO).
|- Data not available.
x Indicates data that refer to years or periods other than those specified in the column heading, differ from the standard definition, or refer to only part of a country.
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