The State of the World's Children 1998: Focus on Nutrition

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Table 1 (cont.)

Basic Indicators (Regional Summaries)

Countries in each region Under-5 mortality rate Infant mortality rate (under 1) Total popula- tion (thous.) 1996 Annual no. of births (thous.) 1996 Annual no. of under-5 deaths (thous.) 1996 GNP per capita (US$) 1995 Life expec- tancy at birth (years) 1996 Total adult literacy rate 1995 Primary school enrol- ment ratio (gross) 1990-95 % share of household income 1990-96
1960 1996 1960 1996 lowest 40% highest 20%
Sub-Saharan Africa 257 170 154 105 576069 24777 4224 501 51 57 73 11 58
Middle East and North Africa 241 65 154 50 318201 10248 662 1710 65 59 93 - -
South Asia 239 119 146 80 1267705 35132 4173 345 61 49 94 21 42
East Asia and Pacific 201 54 133 41 1797840 34355 1843 1043 68 84 114 17 46
Latin America and Caribbean 157 43 105 35 479139 11201 484 3271 69 87 110 9 61
CEE/CIS and Baltic States 101 36 76 29 474657 6649 237 2086 68 97 97 18 44
Industrialized countries 37 7 31 6 838679 10056 70 25926 77 98 104 18 40
Developing countries 216 97 137 66 4577675 118889 11546 1101 62 71 99 15 51
Least developed countries 280 171 171 109 594510 23695 4041 220 51 48 69 20 43
World 192 88 123 60 5752290 132418 11694 4812 63 75 100 18 42

Definitions of the indicators Main data sources
Under-five mortality rate — Probability of dying between birth and exactly five years of age expressed per 1,000 live births.
Infant mortality rate — Probability of dying between birth and exactly one year of age expressed per 1,000 live births.
GNP per capita — Gross national product (GNP) is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers, plus any taxes that are not included in the valuation of output, plus net receipts of primary income from non-resident sources. GNP per capita is the gross national product, converted to United States dollars using the World Bank Atlas method, divided by the mid-year population.
Life expectancy at birth — The number of years newborn children would live if subject to the mortality risks prevailing for the cross-section of population at the time of their birth.
Adult literacy rate — Percentage of persons aged 15 and over who can read and write.
Gross primary school enrolment ratio — The number of children enrolled in primary school, regardless of age, divided by the population of the age group that officially corresponds to primary schooling.
Income share — Percentage of income received by the 20 per cent of households with the highest income and by the 40 per cent of households with the lowest income.
Under-five and infant mortality rates — UNICEF, United Nations Population Division and United Nations Statistics Division.
Total population — United Nations Population Division. Births — United Nations Population Division.
Under-five deaths — UNICEF.
GNP per capita — World Bank.
Life expectancy — United Nations Population Division.
Adult literacy — United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
School enrolment — United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
Household income — World Bank.
Notes
a: Range $765 or less
b: Range $765 to $3035
c: Range $9386 or more
- Data not available.
x Indicates data that refer to years or periods other than those specified in the column heading, differ from the standard definition, or refer to only part of a country.

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