The State of the World's Children 1998: Focus on Nutrition

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Table 1

Basic Indicators

Under-5 mortality rank Under-5 mortality rate Infant mortality rate (under 1) Total popula- tion (thous.) 1996 Annual no. of births (thous.) 1996 Annual no. of under-5 deaths (thous.) 1996 GNP per capita (US$) 1995 Life expec- tancy at birth (years) 1996 Total adult literacy rate 1995 Primary school enrol- ment ratio (gross) 1990-95 % share of household income 1990-96
1960 1996 1960 1996 lowest 40% highest 20%
Afghanistan 4 360 257 215 165 20883 1127 290 250x 45 32 48 - -
Albania 88 151 40 112 34 3401 75 3 670 71 - 98 - -
Algeria 92 255 39 152 34 28784 857 33 1600 68 62 105 18x 46
Andorra 175 - 6 - 5 71 1 0 c - - - - -
Angola 2 345 292 208 170 11185 546 159 410 47 42x 88 - -
Antigua and Barbuda 127 - 22 - 18 66 1 0 6980x 75 95x 100x - -
Argentina 117 72 25 60 22 35219 709 18 8030 73 96 111 - -
Armenia 108 48 30 38 25 3638 50 2 730 71 100 90 - -
Australia 175 24 6 20 6 18057 262 2 18720 78 - 107 16x 42
Austria 175 43 6 37 5 8106 86 0 26890 77 - 103 - -
Azerbaijan 85 75 44 55 34 7594 154 7 480 71 100 117 - -
Bahamas 123 68 23 51 19 284 5 0 11940 73 98 97 - -
Bahrain 127 203 22 130 18 570 12 0 7840 73 85 111 - -
Bangladesh 44 247 112 151 83 120073 3186 357 240 57 38 79 23 38
Barbados 152 90 12 74 11 261 3 0 6560 76 97 90 - -
Belarus 139 47 18 37 14 10348 106 2 2070 70 99 97 26 33
Belgium 164 35 7 31 6 10159 115 1 24710 77 - 99 22x 36
Belize 85 104 44 74 36 219 7 0 2630 74 80x 111 - -
Benin 31 310 140 184 84 5563 238 33 370 54 37 72 - -
Bhutan 36 300 127 175 90 1812 76 10 420 52 42 25x - -
Bolivia 51 252 102 152 71 7593 258 26 800 61 83 95 15 48
Bosnia and Herzegovina 143 155 17 105 15 3628 43 1 a 73 - - - -
Botswana 80 170 50 117 40 1484 52 3 3020 52 70 115 11x 59
Brazil 79 177 52 115 44 161087 3211 167 3640 67 83 114 7x 68
Brunei Darussalam 154 87 11 63 9 300 6 0 25160 75 88 109 - -
Bulgaria 136 70 19 49 16 8468 86 2 1330 71 98 86 21 39
Burkina Faso 23 318 158 183 82 10780 501 79 230 46 19 39 - -
Burundi 17 255 176 151 106 6221 272 48 160 46 35 69 - -
Cambodia 19 217 170 146 108 10273 360 61 270 53 65x 118 - -
Cameroon 51 264 102 156 63 13560 539 55 650 56 63 89 - -
Canada 164 33 7 28 6 29680 367 2 19380 79 97x 103 18x 40
Cape Verde 65 164 73 110 54 396 12 1 960 66 72 131 - -
Central African Rep. 21 343 164 195 103 3344 127 21 340 49 60 71x - -
Chad 27 325 149 195 92 6515 275 41 180 47 48 55 - -
Chile 149 138 13 107 11 14421 294 4 4160 75 95 99 10 61
China 82 209 47 140 38 1232083 20712 973 620 69 82 118 15 48
Colombia 104 130 31 82 26 36444 878 27 1910 71 91 121 11 56
Comoros 39 248 122 165 83 632 26 3 470 57 57 75 - -
Congo 48 220 108 143 81 2668 115 12 680 51 75 - - -
Congo, Dem. Rep. 12 302 207 175 128 46812 2135 442 120 53 77 68 - -
Cook Islands 108 - 30 - 26 19 0 0 1550x - 99x 98 - -
Costa Rica 146 112 15 80 13 3500 86 1 2610 77 95 106 13x 51
Côte d'Ivoire 25 300 150 195 90 14015 523 78 660 51 40 68 18x 44
Croatia 154 98 11 70 10 4501 48 1 3250 72 98 86 - -
Cuba 159 54 10 39 10 11018 149 2 1170x 76 96 104 - -
Cyprus 159 36 10 30 9 756 12 0 10260x 77 94x 100 - -
Czech Rep. 164 25 7 22 6 10251 111 1 3870 73 - 100 24 37
Denmark 175 25 6 22 6 5237 68 0 29890 75 - 99 17x 39
Djibouti 24 289 157 186 112 617 24 4 780x 50 46 38 - -
Dominica 133 - 20 - 17 71 2 0 2990 73 - - - -
Dominican Rep. 74 149 56 102 45 7961 198 11 1460 71 82 103 12x 56
Ecuador 88 180 40 115 31 11699 309 12 1390 70 90 123 14 53
Egypt 58 282 78 189 57 63271 1690 132 790 65 51 98 21 41
El Salvador 88 210 40 130 34 5796 166 7 1610 69 72 79 - -
Equatorial Guinea 18 316 173 188 111 410 17 3 380 49 79 149x - -
Eritrea 41 250 120 170 78 3280 135 16 100x 50 - 49 - -
Estonia 145 52 16 40 13 1471 13 0 2860 69 98 101 17 46
Ethiopia 16 280 177 175 113 58243 2856 506 100 49 36 27 21x 41
Fiji 121 97 24 71 20 797 18 0 2440 72 92 128 - -
Finland 189 28 4 22 4 5126 62 0 20580 76 - 100 18x 38
France 175 34 6 29 5 58333 692 4 24990 79 - 105 17x 42
Gabon 28 287 145 171 87 1106 41 6 3490 55 63 - - -
Gambia 49 375 107 213 78 1141 46 5 320 46 39 67 - -
Georgia 113 70 29 52 23 5442 77 2 440 73 99 82 - -
Germany 175 40 6 34 5 81922 774 4 27510 76 - 97 19x 40
Ghana 47 213 110 126 70 17832 692 76 390 57 65 76 20 42
Greece 161 64 9 53 8 10490 104 1 8210 78 97 95 - -
Grenada 104 - 31 - 25 92 2 0 2980 - 96x 88 - -
Guatemala 74 204 56 140 43 10928 405 23 1340 66 56 84 8x 63
Guinea 11 380 210 215 130 7518 359 75 550 46 36 46 11 50
Guinea-Bissau 6 336 223 200 132 1091 44 10 250 44 55 60 9 59
Guyana 56 126 83 100 60 838 19 2 590 64 98 112 - -
Haiti 34 260 134 170 94 7259 250 34 250 54 45 56 - -
Holy See - - - - - 1 - - - - - - - -
Honduras 97 204 35 137 29 5816 201 7 600 69 73 112 11 57
Hungary 152 57 12 51 11 10049 104 1 4120 69 99 97 24 37
Iceland 186 22 5 17 5 271 4 0 24950 79 - 98 - -
India 46 236 111 144 73 944580 24381 2706 340 62 52 102 21 43
Indonesia 67 216 71 127 47 200453 4732 336 980 64 84 115 21 41
Iran 96 233 37 145 33 69975 2446 91 1033x 69 69 101 - -
Iraq 39 171 122 117 94 20607 770 94 1036x 61 58 91 - -
Ireland 164 36 7 31 6 3554 46 0 14710 76 - 104 - -
Israel 161 39 9 32 8 5664 115 1 15920 77 95x 95 18x 40
Italy 164 50 7 44 6 57226 528 4 19020 78 98 98 19x 41
Jamaica 154 76 11 58 10 2491 56 1 1510 74 85 109 16 48
Japan 175 40 6 31 4 125351 1281 8 39640 80 - 102 22x 38
Jordan 117 139 25 97 21 5581 211 5 1510 69 87 94 16 50
Kazakstan 84 74 45 55 38 16820 312 14 1330 68 100 87 20 40
Kenya 55 202 90 120 61 27799 1027 92 280 54 78 91 10 62
Kiribati 61 - 76 - 56 80 2 0 920 58 93x 91 - -
Korea, Dem. People's Rep. 108 120 30 85 23 22466 493 15 970x 72 - 104x - -
Korea, Rep. of 164 127 7 90 6 45314 688 5 9700 72 98 95 20x 42
Kuwait 147 128 14 89 13 1687 40 1 17390 76 79 69 - -
Kyrgyzstan 80 115 50 80 39 4469 117 6 700 68 97 111 10 57
Lao People's Dem. Rep. 35 235 128 155 102 5035 227 29 350 53 57 107 23 40
Latvia 133 44 20 35 16 2504 25 1 2270 68 100 83 23 37
Lebanon 88 85 40 65 33 3084 76 3 2660 69 92 112 - -

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