The State of the World's Children 1998: Focus on Nutrition

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World Food Summit

The World Food Summit, in which 186 countries participated, was organized by the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in Rome in November 1996. The Summit was an important contribution in the effort to refocus international attention on the need to tackle the problems of both food insecurity and malnutrition. The Summit's Plan of Action focused on ways of achieving sustainable food security for all, one of the necessary conditions for good nutrition.

The Plan of Action called for an enabling social and economic environment to achieve food security and drew attention to the special contribution that women can make to ensuring family and child nutrition, the importance of breastfeeding and the particular importance of giving priority to children, especially girls. Other objectives related to the need to reduce inequality and poverty and the need for participatory and sustainable rural development policies and for trade policies conducive to the achievement of food security for all. A commitment was made to realize the rights of all to adequate food and to freedom from hunger.

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