The State of the World's Children 1998: Focus on Nutrition

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Figure 4. Poverty and malnutrition in Latin America and the Caribbean

Malnutrition in Latin America decreased from an estimated 21% in 1970 to 7.2% in 1997, while the rate of poverty, measured by income level only slightly over the last three decades, dropping from 45% in 1970 to 44% in 1997. These trends show that the reduction of malnutritionis not solely dependant on increases in income. In Latin America, the gains in reducing malnutrition are attributed at the underlying level to good care practicesand access to basic health services, including familyplanning, and water/sanitation services; and at the basic level to women's empowerment in terms of their education and the cash resources they control.

Source: Aaron Lechtig, 'Child Undernutrition in Latin America and the Caribbean; Trends, reasons and lessons', presented to the Workshop on the Changing Conditions of the Child in Latin America and the Caribbean, University of Notre Dame, South Bend (USA) 26 September 1997, based on ACC/SCN, Update of the nutrition situation 1996, Summary of results for the Third Report on the World Nutrition Situation, ACC/SCN Geneva, ECLAC - Social Panorama of Latin America 1996, Santiago Chile.

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