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Social goals: 1995 and 2000
Goals for 1995
The following goals were accepted by almost all nations for achievement by the end of 1995. Great progress has been made.
- Immunization against the six major vaccine-preventable diseases of childhood to reach at least 80 per cent in all countries.
- Neonatal tetanus to be virtually eliminated.
- Measles deaths to be reduced by 95 per cent and measles cases by 90 per cent (compared with pre-immunization levels).
- The elimination of polio in selected countries and regions (as a step towards worldwide elimination by the year 2000).
- The ending of free or low-cost distribution of breastmilk substitutes in all maternity units and hospitals, and the achievement of 'baby-friendly' status for all major hospitals.
- The achievement of 80 per cent ORT use, as part of the effort to control diarrhoeal disease.
- The virtual elimination of vitamin A deficiency.
- The universal iodization of salt in countries affected by iodine deficiency disorders.
- The virtual elimination of guinea worm disease.
- The universal ratification of the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
Goals for the year 2000
The end-of-century goals, agreed to by almost all the world's governments following the
1990 World Summit for Children, may be summarized under 10 priority points.
- A one-third reduction in 1990 under-five death rates (or to 70 per 1,000 live births, whichever is less).
- A halving of 1990 maternal mortality rates.
- A halving of 1990 rates of malnutrition among the world's under-fives (to include the elimination of micronutrient deficiencies, support for breastfeeding by all maternity units, and a reduction in the incidence of low birth weight to less than 10 per cent).
- The achievement of 90 per cent immunization among under-ones, the eradication of polio, the elimination of neonatal tetanus, a 90 per cent reduction in measles cases, and a 95 per cent reduction in measles deaths (compared with pre-immunization levels).
- A halving of child deaths caused by diarrhoeal diseases.
- A one-third reduction in child deaths from acute respiratory infections.
- Basic education for all children and completion of primary education by at least 80 per cent-girls as well as boys.
- Safe water and sanitation for all communities.
- Acceptance by all countries of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, including improved protection for children in especially difficult circumstances.
- Universal access to high-quality family planning information and services in order to prevent pregnancies that are too early, too closely spaced, too late or too many.
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