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Panel 15

Social goals: 1995 and 2000

Goals for 1995

The following goals were accepted by almost all nations for achievement by the end of 1995. Great progress has been made.

  1. Immunization against the six major vaccine-preventable diseases of childhood to reach at least 80 per cent in all countries.
  2. Neonatal tetanus to be virtually eliminated.
  3. Measles deaths to be reduced by 95 per cent and measles cases by 90 per cent (compared with pre-immunization levels).
  4. The elimination of polio in selected countries and regions (as a step towards worldwide elimination by the year 2000).
  5. The ending of free or low-cost distribution of breastmilk substitutes in all maternity units and hospitals, and the achievement of 'baby-friendly' status for all major hospitals.
  6. The achievement of 80 per cent ORT use, as part of the effort to control diarrhoeal disease.
  7. The virtual elimination of vitamin A deficiency.
  8. The universal iodization of salt in countries affected by iodine deficiency disorders.
  9. The virtual elimination of guinea worm disease.
  10. The universal ratification of the Convention on the Rights of the Child.

Goals for the year 2000

The end-of-century goals, agreed to by almost all the world's governments following the 1990 World Summit for Children, may be summarized under 10 priority points.

  1. A one-third reduction in 1990 under-five death rates (or to 70 per 1,000 live births, whichever is less).
  2. A halving of 1990 maternal mortality rates.
  3. A halving of 1990 rates of malnutrition among the world's under-fives (to include the elimination of micronutrient deficiencies, support for breastfeeding by all maternity units, and a reduction in the incidence of low birth weight to less than 10 per cent).
  4. The achievement of 90 per cent immunization among under-ones, the eradication of polio, the elimination of neonatal tetanus, a 90 per cent reduction in measles cases, and a 95 per cent reduction in measles deaths (compared with pre-immunization levels).
  5. A halving of child deaths caused by diarrhoeal diseases.
  6. A one-third reduction in child deaths from acute respiratory infections.
  7. Basic education for all children and completion of primary education by at least 80 per cent-girls as well as boys.
  8. Safe water and sanitation for all communities.
  9. Acceptance by all countries of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, including improved protection for children in especially difficult circumstances.
  10. Universal access to high-quality family planning information and services in order to prevent pregnancies that are too early, too closely spaced, too late or too many.

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