Over half the children in the developing world live
without basic goods and services.
- One is six children is severely hungry; one in seven
has no health care at all; one in five has no safe
water and one in three has no toilet or sanitation
facilities at home.
- Over 640 million children live in dwellings with
mud floors or extreme overcrowding; and over 300 million
children have no TV, radio, telephone or newspaper.
- Over 120 million children are shut out of primary
schools, the majority of them girls.
Poverty undercuts a family or community's capacity to
care for children. Globally:
- 180 million children work in the worst forms of child
- 1.2 million children are trafficked each year.
- 2 million children, mostly girls, are exploited in
the sex industry.
Children living in rural areas are twice as likely to
be deprived of goods and services, and three times as
likely not to attend school, as their peers in urban
Income-poverty measures do not adequately explain how
children experience poverty. India and Senegal have similar
levels of per-capita income but Indian children are more
at risk of malnutrition while Senegalese children are
more at risk of losing out on schooling.
Despite an expanding global economy, in come inequalities
have grown both across and within countries. In developing
countries, children of families in the poorest quintile
are more than twice as likely to die before age five
as children in the richest quintile.
Economic sanctions can have devastating effects on children.
Under-five mortality rates more than doubled in Iraq
from 50 per 1,000 in 1990, to 125 per 1,000 in 2002.
acute malnutrition rose from 3.4 per cent
in 1990 to 7.8 per cent in 1994-95, and school enrolment
fell from 83 per cent in 1990 to 57 per cent in 1994.
Child poverty has risen notably in richer countries.
Only four developed countries – Canada,
United Kingdom and the United States – have fewer children
living in low-income households than in the late 1980s.
In 2000, only Finland,
Norway and Sweden had child poverty
rates below 5 per cent.