Unicef Logo and the text: Children Under Threat. The State of The World's Children 2005.

Photo
©UNICEF/HQ93-1492/
Roger LeMoyne


Sub-Saharan Africa

Basic Indicators
INDICATOR
REGION
WORLD
Total population (2003)
665,496,000
6,286,228,000
Population under 18 (2003)
340,099,000
2,183,635,000
Population under five (2003)
112,679,000
618,227,000
Life expectancy at birth (2003)
46
63
Infant mortality rate, per 1,000 live births (2003)
104
54
Maternal mortality ratio per 100,000 live births (2000 adj.)
940
400
Percentage of infants with low birthweight (1998-2003)
14
16
Under-five mortality rate (2003)
175
80
Net primary school enrolment/attendance (1996-2003)
58
80
Adult literacy rate (2000)
61
80
Percentage of population using improved drinking water sources (2002)
57
83
Percentage of population using adequate sanitation facilities (2002)
36
58
Percentage of 1-year-old children immunized against (2003)
  Tuberculosis
74
85
  DPT3 (diphtheria/pertussis/tetanus)
60
78
  Polio3
63
79
  Measles
62
77
  Hepatitis B3
30
42


Economic Indicators
GNI per capita (US$) 2003
496
5,488
GDP per capita (US$) annual growth rate (1990-2003)
0.4
2.1
Average annual rate of inflation (1990-2003)
38
7
Percentage of population living on less than $1 a day (1990-2002)
43
21
Percentage of central government expenditure (1992-2002) allocated to:
  health
n/a
12
  education
n/a
5
  defence
n/a
10
Percentage share of household income (1990-2002):
  lowest 40 per cent
11
18
  highest 20 per cent
59
43


HIV/AIDs
% Adult prevalence rate (15-49 years)
7.5
1.1
Estimated number of adults and children (0-49 years) living with HIV/AIDS
25,000,000
37,800,000
Estimated number of children (0-14 years) living with HIV/AIDS
1,900,000
2,100,000
Estimated number of children (0-17 years) orphaned by HIV/AIDS
12,300,000
15,000,000


UNICEF’s work on early childhood development [Web]

Beyond Child Labour, Affirming Rights [PDF]

Profiting from abuse [PDF]

Finance development: Invest in children [PDF]


“I think it's wonderful that people are realizing the pain of child labour... children should know what it feels like to be children... it is definitely not right to push them so far ahead and fill in the shoes of adults...”.
girl, 21, Malaysia

Log on to www.unicef.org/voy


Percentage of infants who receive DPT3 vaccine: 76

Number of infants vaccinated each year: 100 million.

Number of child lives that could be saved each year through routine immunization: 2.2 million

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© UNICEF 2004