Unicef Logo and the text: Children Under Threat. The State of The World's Children 2005.

Photo
©UNICEF/HQ93-1492/
Roger LeMoyne


South Asia

Basic Indicators
INDICATOR
REGION
WORLD
Total population (2003)
1,436,478,000
6,286,228,000
Population under 18 (2003)
584,618,000
2,183,635,000
Population under five (2003)
171,284,000
618,227,000
Life expectancy at birth (2003)
63
63
Infant mortality rate, per 1,000 live births (2003)
67
54
Percentage of infants with low birthweight (1998-2003)
30
16
Under-five mortality rate, per 1,000 live births (2003)
92
80
Maternal mortality ratio per 100,000 live births (2000 adj.)
560
400
Net primary school enrolment/attendance (1996-2003)
75
80
Adult literacy rate (2000)
54
80
Percentage of population using improved drinking water sources (2002)
84
83
Percentage of population using adequate sanitation facilities (2002)
35
58
Percentage of 1-year-old children immunized against (2003)
  Tuberculosis
82
85
  DPT3 (diphtheria/pertussis/tetanus)
71
78
  Polio3
72
79
  Measles
67
77
  Hepatitis B3
1
42


Economic indicators
GNI per capita (US$) 2003
511
5,488
GDP per capita (US$) annual growth rate (1990-2003)
3.6
2.1
Average annual rate of inflation (1990-2003)
7
7
Percentage of population living on less than $1 a day (1990-2002)
32
21
Percentage of central government expenditure (1992-2002) allocated to:
  health
2
12
  education
2
5
  defence
15
10
Percentage share of household income (1990-2002):
  lowest 40 per cent
21
18
  highest 20 per cent
42
43


HIV/AIDS
Adult prevalence rate (15-49 years)
0.7
1.1
Estimated number of adults and children (0-49 years) with HIV/AIDS
5,000,000
37,800,000
Estimated number of children (0-14 years) with HIV/AIDS
130,000
2,100,000
Estimated number of children (0-17 years) orphaned by HIV/AIDS
-
15,000,000


UNICEF’s work on early childhood development [Web]

Beyond Child Labour, Affirming Rights [PDF]

Profiting from abuse [PDF]

Finance development: Invest in children [PDF]


“I think it's wonderful that people are realizing the pain of child labour... children should know what it feels like to be children... it is definitely not right to push them so far ahead and fill in the shoes of adults...”.
girl, 21, Malaysia

Log on to www.unicef.org/voy


Percentage of infants who receive DPT3 vaccine: 76

Number of infants vaccinated each year: 100 million.

Number of child lives that could be saved each year through routine immunization: 2.2 million

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© UNICEF 2004