The State of the World's Children 2004

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1. Projections for the Millennium Development Goals
Presents the United Nations Development Programme estimates for achieving each Millennium Development Goal by region and world average, and shows that at the current rate of progress it will take some regions more than 100 years to achieve some of the goals.

2. Trends in gender disparities
The figure, adapted from the UNESCO EFA Global Monitoring Report 2002, shows changes on the gender parity index in gross enrolment ratios in primary school between 1990 and 1999 in Asia/Pacific, Arab States and sub-Saharan Africa.

3. IMF/World Bank loans versus growth
Looks at the relationship of per capita growth and IMF/World Bank adjustment loans from the 1960s through the 1990s and finds that growth plummeted even as loans increased.

4. Human development and economic growth by level of income-poverty
Shows the relationship between human development – measured by under-5 mortality rates and income-poverty level – and economic growth, and demonstrates that human development fosters economic growth.

5. Double jeopardy
Gives the percentage of children age 7-18, broken down by gender, who have never been to school of any kind and illustrates that girls are more likely than boys to miss out on schooling because of poverty.

6. Primary net enrolment/attendance rates
Shows the primary net enrolment/attendance rates during 1996-2002 broken down by region.

7. Primary school completion progress
Gives regional primary school completion estimates through 2015 based on completion rates during the 1990s and projects the required rate of progress for each region to achieve the Millennium Development Goal of universal primary education.

8. Female participation in secondary education
Provides the 1990 and 2000 gross enrolment ratio of females in secondary education for the Central and Eastern Europe region, and records the region’s falling enrolment rates.

9. Children’s opinions on gender and education
Provides the percentage of boys’ and girls’ responses to three questions about gender roles and illustrates the role of gender bias in undermining female participation inside and outside the home.

10. Government expenditure on education in East Asia and Pacific
Shows the rise in the percentage of government expenditure on education from 1990 to 2000 in East Asia and Pacific.

11. Orphans less likely to attend school
Compares the attendance rate of non-orphans (living with at least one parent) to that of double orphans (who have lost both parents) in countries in West Africa, Central Africa, East Africa and Southern Africa. Orphans with no parents are less likely to attend school.



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