The State of the World's Children 2003
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Please check against print version of the report to assure accuracy.
Countries and territories Under-5 mortality rank Under-5 mortality rate Average annual rate of reduction (%) Reduction since 1990
(%)
GDP per capita average annual growth rate (%) Total fertility rate Average annual rate of reduction (%)
1960 1990 2001 1960-90 1990-2001   1960-90 1990-2001 1960 1990 2001 1960-90 1990-2001
Afghanistan 4 360 260 257 1.1 0.1 1 0.1 - 7.7 7.1 6.8 0.3 0.4
Albania 98 151 45 30 4.0 3.7 33 - 3.0 5.9 3.0 2.4 2.3 2.0
Algeria 75 280 69 49 4.7 3.1 29 2.4 0.1 7.4 4.6 2.9 1.6 4.0
Andorra 161 - - 7 - - - - - - - - - -
Angola 3 345 260 260 0.9 0.0 0 - -1.1 6.4 7.2 7.2 -0.4 0.0
Antigua and Barbuda 144 - - 14 - - - - 2.5 - - - - -
Argentina 130 72 28 19 3.1 3.5 32 0.6 2.4 3.1 2.9 2.5 0.2 1.3
Armenia 93 - 60 35 - 4.9 42 - -1.3 4.5 2.4 1.2 2.1 5.9
Australia 164 24 10 6 2.9 4.6 40 2.1 2.8 3.4 1.9 1.8 1.9 0.5
Austria 178 43 9 5 5.2 5.3 44 3.2 1.7 2.7 1.5 1.3 2.0 1.3
Azerbaijan 48 - 105 105 - 0.0 0 - 1.7 5.5 2.7 1.6 2.4 4.8
Bahamas 138 68 29 16 2.8 5.4 45 1.2 0.1 4.4 2.6 2.3 1.8 1.1
Bahrain 138 160 19 16 7.1 1.6 16 - 1.7 7.1 3.8 2.4 2.1 3.9
Bangladesh 58 248 144 77 1.8 5.7 47 0.5 3.1 7.0 4.6 3.6 1.4 2.2
Barbados 144 90 16 14 5.8 1.2 13 3.0 1.7 4.5 1.7 1.5 3.2 1.1
Belarus 125 47 21 20 2.7 0.4 5 - -0.6 2.7 1.9 1.2 1.2 3.7
Belgium 164 35 9 6 4.5 3.7 33 2.9 1.8 2.6 1.6 1.5 1.6 0.6
Belize 84 104 49 40 2.5 1.8 18 3.2 1.6 6.6 4.5 3.0 1.3 3.5
Benin 24 296 185 158 1.6 1.4 15 0.1 1.9 7.0 6.7 5.8 0.1 1.3
Bhutan 52 300 166 95 2.0 5.1 43 - 3.5 5.9 5.9 5.2 0.0 1.0
Bolivia 58 255 122 77 2.5 4.2 37 -0.1 1.4 6.7 4.9 4.1 1.0 1.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 136 160 22 18 6.6 1.8 18 - 16.2 4.1 1.7 1.3 2.9 2.4
Botswana 42 173 58 110 3.6 -5.8 -90 8.6 2.9 6.8 5.2 4.1 0.9 2.0
Brazil 92 177 60 36 3.6 4.6 40 3.6 1.4 6.2 2.8 2.2 2.6 1.9
Brunei Darussalam 164 87 11 6 6.9 5.5 45 -1.8 -0.7 6.9 3.3 2.6 2.5 1.9
Bulgaria 138 70 16 16 4.9 0.0 0 - -0.9 2.3 1.7 1.1 1.0 4.0
Burkina Faso 12 315 210 197 1.4 0.6 6 1.1 2.4 6.7 7.3 6.8 -0.3 0.6
Burundi 14 250 190 190 0.9 0.0 0 2.0 -4.3 6.8 6.8 6.8 0.0 0.0
Cambodia 30 - 115 138 - -1.7 -20 - 2.0 6.3 5.6 4.9 0.4 1.2
Cameroon 25 255 139 155 2.0 -1.0 -12 2.5 -0.3 5.8 5.9 4.8 -0.1 1.9
Canada 161 33 9 7 4.3 2.3 22 2.3 2.0 3.8 1.7 1.6 2.7 0.6
Cape Verde 88 - 60 38 - 4.2 37 - 3.3 7.0 4.3 3.3 1.6 2.4
Central African Republic 19 327 180 180 2.0 0.0 0 -0.6 -0.3 5.7 5.7 5.0 0.0 1.0
Chad 11 - 203 200 - 0.1 1 -1.2 -0.5 6.0 6.7 6.7 -0.4 0.0
Chile 147 155 19 12 7.0 4.2 37 1.2 4.8 5.3 2.6 2.4 2.4 0.7
China 85 225 49 39 5.1 2.1 20 4.8 8.9 5.7 2.2 1.8 3.2 1.8
Colombia 118 125 36 23 4.1 4.1 36 2.3 0.8 6.8 3.1 2.7 2.6 1.3
Comoros 57 265 120 79 2.6 3.8 34 - -2.3 6.8 6.2 5.1 0.3 1.8
Congo 45 220 110 108 2.3 0.2 2 3.1 -3.1 5.9 6.3 6.3 -0.2 0.0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 9 302 205 205 1.3 0.0 0 -1.4 -8.2 6.0 6.7 6.7 -0.4 0.0
Cook Islands 118 - 32 23 - 3.0 28 - - - - - - -
Costa Rica 149 123 17 11 6.6 4.0 35 1.6 2.8 7.1 3.2 2.7 2.7 1.5
Côte d’Ivoire 20 290 155 175 2.1 -1.1 -13 1.0 0.1 7.2 6.3 4.8 0.4 2.5
Croatia 158 98 13 8 6.7 4.4 38 - 2.1 2.4 1.7 1.7 1.1 0.0
Cuba 152 54 13 9 4.7 3.3 31 - - 4.2 1.7 1.6 3.0 0.6
Cyprus 164 36 12 6 3.7 6.3 50 6.2 3.1 3.5 2.4 1.9 1.3 2.1
Czech Republic 178 25 11 5 2.7 7.2 55 - 1.1 2.3 1.8 1.2 0.8 3.7
Denmark 189 25 9 4 3.4 7.4 56 2.1 2.1 2.6 1.6 1.7 1.6 -0.6
Djibouti 28 289 175 143 1.7 1.8 18 - -3.6 7.0 6.4 5.9 0.3 0.6
Dominica 143 - 23 15 - 3.9 35 - 1.4 - - - - -
Dominican Republic 76 149 65 47 2.8 2.9 28 3.1 4.2 7.4 3.4 2.8 2.6 1.8
East Timor 36 - - 124 - - - - - 6.4 5.0 4.0 0.8 2.0
Ecuador 98 178 57 30 3.8 5.8 47 2.9 -0.3 6.7 3.8 2.9 1.9 2.5
Egypt 83 282 104 41 3.3 8.5 61 3.5 2.6 7.1 4.2 3.0 1.8 3.1
El Salvador 85 191 60 39 3.9 3.9 35 -0.4 2.3 6.9 3.7 3.0 2.1 1.9
Equatorial Guinea 26 316 206 153 1.4 2.7 26 - 18.8 5.5 5.9 5.9 -0.2 0.0
Eritrea 41 - 155 111 - 3.0 28 - 0.4 6.9 6.2 5.4 0.4 1.3
Estonia 147 52 17 12 3.7 3.2 29 - 1.7 2.0 1.9 1.2 0.2 4.2
Ethiopia 21 269 193 172 1.1 1.0 11 - 2.5 6.9 6.9 6.8 0.0 0.1
Fiji 121 97 31 21 3.8 3.5 32 1.9 1.7 6.4 3.5 3.0 2.0 1.1
Finland 178 28 7 5 4.6 3.1 29 3.4 2.6 2.7 1.8 1.6 1.4 0.6
France 164 34 9 6 4.4 3.7 33 2.9 1.4 2.8 1.8 1.8 1.5 0.0
Gabon 56 - 90 90 - 0.0 0 3.1 -0.1 4.1 5.1 5.4 -0.7 -0.5
Gambia 35 364 154 126 2.9 1.8 18 1.1 0.0 6.4 5.9 4.9 0.3 1.7
Georgia 102 70 29 29 2.9 0.0 0 - -4.9 3.0 2.1 1.4 1.2 3.7
Germany 178 40 9 5 5.0 5.3 44 - 1.2 2.4 1.4 1.3 1.8 0.7
Ghana 49 215 126 100 1.8 2.1 21 -1.2 1.9 6.9 5.7 4.3 0.6 2.6
Greece 178 64 11 5 5.9 7.2 55 3.8 2.0 2.3 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.3
Grenada 110 - 37 25 - 3.6 32 - 2.9 - - - - -
Guatemala 72 202 82 58 3.0 3.1 29 1.4 1.4 6.9 5.6 4.6 0.7 1.8
Guinea 22 380 240 169 1.5 3.2 30 - 1.6 7.0 6.6 6.0 0.2 0.9
Guinea-Bissau 8 - 253 211 - 1.7 17 -0.5 -1.3 5.8 6.0 6.0 -0.1 0.0
Guyana 64 126 90 72 1.1 2.0 20 -0.3 4.4 6.5 2.7 2.4 2.9 0.7
Haiti 38 253 150 123 1.7 1.8 18 0.1 -2.5 6.3 5.4 4.1 0.5 2.5
Holy See - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Honduras 88 204 61 38 4.0 4.3 38 1.1 0.3 7.5 5.2 3.9 1.2 2.4
Hungary 152 57 16 9 4.2 5.2 44 3.9 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.3 0.4 3.0
Iceland 189 22 5 4 4.9 2.0 20 3.6 2.0 4.0 2.2 1.9 2.0 1.3
India 54 242 123 93 2.3 2.5 24 1.6 4.0 5.9 3.9 3.1 1.4 2.1
Indonesia 77 216 91 45 2.9 6.4 51 4.3 2.1 5.6 3.3 2.4 1.8 2.9
Iran (Islamic Republic of) 81 281 72 42 4.5 4.9 42 -3.5 2.0 7.0 5.0 2.9 1.1 5.0
Iraq 33 171 50 133 4.1 -8.9 -166 -1.1 - 7.2 6.0 4.9 0.6 1.7
Ireland 164 36 9 6 4.6 3.7 33 3.1 6.7 3.9 2.2 2.0 1.9 0.4
Israel 164 39 12 6 3.9 6.3 50 3.1 2.2 3.9 3.0 2.8 0.9 0.6
Italy 164 50 10 6 5.4 4.6 40 3.2 1.5 2.5 1.3 1.2 2.2 0.7
Jamaica 125 74 20 20 4.4 0.0 0 0.1 -0.3 5.4 2.9 2.4 2.1 1.4
Japan 178 40 6 5 6.3 1.7 17 4.8 1.0 2.1 1.6 1.4 0.9 1.2
Jordan 94 139 43 33 3.9 2.4 23 2.5 0.9 7.7 5.8 4.4 0.9 2.5
Kazakhstan 61 - 67 76 - -1.1 -13 - -1.8 4.5 2.8 2.0 1.6 2.7
Kenya 40 205 97 122 2.5 -2.1 -26 2.3 -0.6 8.0 6.1 4.3 0.9 3.2
Kiribati 67 - 88 69 - 2.2 22 -5.5 0.6 - - - - -
Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of 73 120 55 55 2.6 0.0 0 - - 4.4 2.4 2.1 2.0 1.2
Korea, Republic of 178 127 9 5 8.8 5.3 44 6.5 4.6 6.0 1.7 1.5 4.2 0.6
Kuwait 151 128 16 10 6.9 4.3 38 -6.2 -1.4 7.3 3.6 2.7 2.4 2.6
Kyrgyzstan 71 180 83 61 2.6 2.8 27 - -4.0 5.1 3.7 2.5 1.1 3.6
Lao People’s Democratic Republic 49 235 163 100 1.2 4.4 39 - 3.8 6.2 6.1 5.0 0.1 1.8
Latvia 121 44 20 21 2.6 -0.4 -5 4.1 -1.1 2.0 1.9 1.1 0.2 5.0
Lebanon 95 85 37 32 2.8 1.3 14 - 3.6 6.3 3.2 2.2 2.3 3.4
Lesotho 34 203 148 132 1.1 1.0 11 3.1 2.0 5.9 5.2 4.5 0.4 1.3
Liberia 5 288 235 235 0.7 0.0 0 -0.6 - 6.6 6.8 6.8 -0.1 0.0
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 130 270 42 19 6.2 7.2 55 0.2 - 7.1 4.9 3.5 1.2 3.1
Liechtenstein 149 - - 11 - - - - - - - - - -
Lithuania 152 70 13 9 5.6 3.3 31 - -1.7 2.6 2.0 1.3 0.9 3.4
Luxembourg 178 41 9 5 5.1 5.3 44 2.6 4.2 2.3 1.6 1.7 1.2 -0.6
Madagascar 32 186 168 136 0.3 1.9 19 -1.3 -0.6 6.9 6.3 5.8 0.3 0.8
Malawi 15 361 241 183 1.3 2.5 24 1.5 1.7 6.9 7.3 6.5 -0.2 1.1
Malaysia 158 105 21 8 5.4 8.8 62 4.1 3.9 6.8 3.8 3.0 1.9 2.1
Maldives 58 300 115 77 3.2 3.6 33 - 5.3 7.0 6.4 5.5 0.3 1.4
Mali 6 517 254 231 2.4 0.9 9 0.1 1.6 7.1 7.0 7.0 0.0 0.0
Malta 178 42 14 5 3.7 9.4 64 7.1 4.0 3.4 2.0 1.8 1.8 1.0
Marshall Islands 70 - 92 66 - 3.0 28 - - - - - - -
Mauritania 15 310 183 183 1.8 0.0 0 0.8 1.2 6.5 6.2 6.0 0.2 0.3
Mauritius 130 92 25 19 4.3 2.5 24 2.9 3.9 5.9 2.3 1.9 3.1 1.3
Mexico 102 134 46 29 3.6 4.2 37 2.4 1.5 6.9 3.4 2.6 2.4 2.4
Micronesia (Federated States of) 114 - 31 24 - 2.3 23 - -1.3 - - - - -
Moldova, Republic of 95 88 37 32 2.9 1.3 14 - -8.2 3.3 2.4 1.5 1.1 4.3
Monaco 178 - - 5 - - - - - - - - - -
Mongolia 61 - 107 76 - 3.1 29 - 0.0 6.0 4.1 2.4 1.3 4.9
Morocco 78 211 85 44 3.0 6.0 48 2.3 0.7 7.2 4.3 3.1 1.7 3.0
Mozambique 12 313 235 197 1.0 1.6 16 - 5.1 6.4 6.5 6.0 -0.1 0.7
Myanmar 43 252 130 109 2.2 1.6 16 1.4 5.1 6.0 4.0 3.0 1.4 2.6
Namibia 69 206 84 67 3.0 2.1 20 - 1.8 6.0 6.1 5.0 -0.1 1.7
Nauru 98 - - 30 - - - - - - - - - -
Nepal 55 315 145 91 2.6 4.2 37 0.5 2.5 6.0 5.2 4.6 0.5 1.1
Netherlands 164 22 8 6 3.4 2.6 25 2.4 2.2 3.2 1.6 1.5 2.3 0.6
New Zealand 164 26 11 6 2.9 5.5 45 - 1.8 4.1 2.1 2.0 2.2 0.4
Nicaragua 79 193 66 43 3.6 3.9 35 -1.5 -0.1 7.3 5.0 4.0 1.3 1.8
Niger 2 354 320 265 0.3 1.7 17 -2.2 -0.9 7.9 8.1 8.0 -0.1 0.1
Nigeria 15 207 190 183 0.3 0.3 4 0.4 -0.3 6.9 6.6 5.6 0.1 1.4
Niue - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Norway 189 23 9 4 3.1 7.4 56 3.4 2.9 2.9 1.9 1.7 1.4 0.5
Occupied Palestinian Territory 114 - 40 24 - 4.6 40 - -3.0 7.7 6.5 5.7 0.6 1.1
Oman 146 280 30 13 7.4 7.6 57 7.6 0.3 7.2 7.0 5.6 0.1 2.0
Pakistan 43 227 128 109 1.9 1.5 15 2.9 1.2 6.3 6.0 5.2 0.2 1.3
Palau 102 - 34 29 - 1.4 15 - - - - - - -
Panama 110 88 34 25 3.2 2.8 26 1.8 2.1 5.9 3.1 2.5 2.1 1.7
Papua New Guinea 53 214 101 94 2.5 0.7 7 1.1 1.0 6.3 5.2 4.4 0.6 1.3
Paraguay 98 90 37 30 3.0 1.9 19 3.0 -0.7 6.6 4.8 3.9 1.1 1.7
Peru 85 234 80 39 3.6 6.5 51 0.4 2.5 6.9 3.7 2.7 2.1 2.9
Philippines 88 110 66 38 1.7 5.0 42 1.5 1.1 7.0 4.4 3.4 1.5 2.1
Poland 152 70 19 9 4.3 6.8 53 - 4.4 3.0 2.1 1.3 1.2 3.9
Portugal 164 112 15 6 6.7 8.3 60 4.0 2.5 3.1 1.6 1.5 2.2 0.6
Qatar 138 140 25 16 5.7 4.1 36 - - 7.0 4.4 3.4 1.5 2.3
Romania 121 82 32 21 3.1 3.8 34 2.0 0.0 2.3 1.9 1.3 0.6 3.4
Russian Federation 121 64 21 21 3.7 0.0 0 3.8 -3.5 2.7 1.8 1.2 1.4 3.7
Rwanda 15 206 178 183 0.5 -0.3 -3 1.1 -1.3 7.6 6.9 5.9 0.3 1.4
Saint Kitts and Nevis 114 - 36 24 - 3.7 33 3.7 4.7 - - - - -
Saint Lucia 130 - 24 19 - 2.1 21 - 0.6 6.9 3.4 2.6 2.4 2.4
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 110 - 26 25 - 0.4 4 - 2.5 - - - - -
Samoa 110 210 42 25 5.4 4.7 40 - 2.1 7.3 4.8 4.3 1.4 1.0
San Marino 164 - 10 6 - 4.6 40 - - - - - - -
Sao Tome and Principe 63 - 90 74 - 1.8 18 - -0.6 - - - - -
Saudi Arabia 105 250 44 28 5.8 4.1 36 2.2 -1.2 7.3 6.9 5.7 0.2 1.7
Senegal 30 300 148 138 2.4 0.6 7 -0.6 1.1 7.0 6.3 5.2 0.4 1.7
Seychelles 137 - 21 17 - 1.9 19 3.1 1.1 - - - - -
Sierra Leone 1 390 323 316 0.6 0.2 2 0.6 -5.0 6.3 6.5 6.5 -0.1 0.0
Singapore 189 40 8 4 5.4 6.3 50 6.9 4.7 5.5 1.8 1.5 3.7 1.1
Slovakia 152 40 15 9 3.3 4.6 40 - 2.1 3.1 2.0 1.3 1.5 3.9
Slovenia 178 45 9 5 5.4 5.3 44 - 3.0 2.4 1.6 1.2 1.4 2.0
Solomon Islands 114 185 36 24 5.5 3.7 33 2.4 -1.5 6.4 5.9 5.4 0.3 0.8
Somalia 7 - 225 225 - 0.0 0 -1.0 - 7.3 7.3 7.3 0.0 0.0
South Africa 66 130 60 71 2.6 -1.5 -18 1.3 0.2 6.5 3.6 2.9 2.0 2.0
Spain 164 57 9 6 6.2 3.7 33 3.2 2.5 2.9 1.4 1.1 2.4 2.2
Sri Lanka 130 133 23 19 5.8 1.7 17 2.7 3.8 5.8 2.6 2.1 2.7 1.9
Sudan 46 208 123 107 1.8 1.3 13 -0.1 5.5 6.7 5.5 4.6 0.7 1.6
Suriname 95 98 44 32 2.7 2.9 27 -0.6 2.0 6.6 2.7 2.1 3.0 2.3
Swaziland 27 225 110 149 2.4 -2.8 -35 2.1 0.2 6.5 5.6 4.5 0.5 2.0
Sweden 193 20 6 3 4.0 6.3 50 2.2 1.7 2.3 2.0 1.4 0.5 3.2
Switzerland 164 27 8 6 4.1 2.6 25 1.6 0.3 2.4 1.5 1.4 1.6 0.6
Syrian Arab Republic 105 201 44 28 5.1 4.1 36 2.9 2.5 7.3 5.7 3.8 0.8 3.7
Tajikistan 64 140 78 72 1.9 0.7 8 - -10.0 6.3 4.9 3.1 0.8 4.2
Tanzania, United Republic of 23 241 163 165 1.3 -0.1 -1 - 0.3 6.8 6.2 5.2 0.3 1.5
Thailand 105 148 40 28 4.4 3.2 30 4.6 3.0 6.4 2.3 2.0 3.4 1.3
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 109 177 41 26 4.9 4.1 37 - -0.9 4.2 2.0 1.6 2.5 2.0
Togo 29 267 152 141 1.9 0.7 7 1.1 -0.6 7.1 6.3 5.5 0.4 1.2
Tonga 125 - 27 20 - 2.7 26 - 2.1 - - - - -
Trinidad and Tobago 125 73 24 20 3.7 1.7 17 3.1 2.9 5.2 2.5 1.6 2.4 3.7
Tunisia 108 254 52 27 5.3 6.0 48 3.3 3.1 7.2 3.6 2.2 2.3 4.5
Turkey 79 219 78 43 3.4 5.4 45 2.0 1.8 6.4 3.4 2.4 2.1 3.2
Turkmenistan 51 - 97 99 - -0.2 -2 - -5.9 6.4 4.3 3.3 1.3 2.4
Tuvalu 74 - 56 52 - 0.7 7 - - - - - - -
Uganda 36 224 165 124 1.0 2.6 25 - 3.6 6.9 7.1 7.1 -0.1 0.0
Ukraine 125 53 22 20 2.9 0.9 9 - -7.4 2.5 1.8 1.1 1.1 4.5
United Arab Emirates 152 223 14 9 9.2 4.0 36 -5.0 -1.6 7.0 4.2 3.0 1.7 3.1
United Kingdom 161 27 10 7 3.3 3.2 30 2.1 2.2 2.7 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.1
United States 158 30 10 8 3.7 2.0 20 2.2 2.2 3.5 2.0 2.0 1.9 0.0
Uruguay 138 56 24 16 2.8 3.7 33 0.9 2.1 2.9 2.5 2.3 0.5 0.8
Uzbekistan 68 - 62 68 - -0.8 -10 - -1.8 6.7 4.0 2.5 1.7 4.3
Vanuatu 81 225 70 42 3.9 4.6 40 - -1.1 7.2 4.9 4.4 1.3 1.0
Venezuela 120 75 27 22 3.4 1.9 19 -0.5 -0.6 6.6 3.5 2.8 2.1 2.0
Viet Nam 88 219 50 38 4.9 2.5 24 - 5.8 6.9 3.7 2.3 2.1 4.3
Yemen 46 340 142 107 2.9 2.6 25 - 2.2 7.6 7.6 7.6 0.0 0.0
Yugoslavia 130 120 30 19 4.6 4.2 37 - 0.5 2.7 2.1 1.6 0.8 2.5
Zambia 10 213 192 202 0.3 -0.5 -5 -1.2 -1.7 6.6 6.4 5.8 0.1 0.8
Zimbabwe 38 159 80 123 2.3 -3.9 -54 1.4 -0.2 7.2 5.8 4.7 0.7 1.9

REGIONAL SUMMARIES
Sub-Saharan Africa 253 180 173 1.1 0.4 4 1.2 0.5 6.8 6.3 5.6 0.2 1.1
Middle East and North Africa 250 81 61 3.8 2.6 25 0.9 1.9 7.1 5.0 3.7 1.2 3.2
South Asia 244 128 98 2.2 2.4 23 1.7 3.6 6.1 4.2 3.4 1.2 2.0
East Asia and Pacific 212 58 43 4.3 2.7 26 5.1 6.1 5.8 2.5 2.0 2.8 2.0
Latin America and Caribbean 153 54 34 3.5 4.2 37 2.4 1.7 6.0 3.2 2.6 2.1 1.9
CEE/CIS and Baltic States 103 44 37 2.8 1.6 16 3.4 -0.4 3.2 2.3 1.6 1.1 3.7
Industrialized countries 37 9 7 4.7 2.3 22 3.1 1.8 2.8 1.7 1.6 1.7 0.6
Developing countries 223 103 89 2.6 1.3 14 2.9 3.5 6.1 3.6 3.0 1.7 2.0
Least developed countries 278 180 157 1.4 1.2 13 0.0 2.2 6.7 5.9 5.3 0.4 1.2
World 197 93 82 2.5 1.1 12 3.1 2.0 5.0 3.2 2.7 1.5 1.9

Definitions of the indicators Main data sources
Under-five mortality rate - Probability of dying between birth and exactly five years of age expressed per 1,000 live births. Under-five mortality - UNICEF, United Nations Population Division and United Nations Statistics Division.
Reduction since 1990 (%) - Percentage reduction in the under-five mortality rate (U5MR) from 1990 to 2001. The United Nations Millennium Declaration in 2000 established a goal of a two-thirds (67%) reduction in U5MR from 1990 to 2015. Hence this indicator provides a current assessment of progress towards this goal. GDP per capita - World Bank.
GDP per capita - Gross domestic product (GDP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output. GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by mid-year population. Growth is calculated from constant price GDP data in local currency. Fertility - United Nations Population Division.
Total fertility rate - The number of children that would be born per woman if she were to live to the end of her child-bearing years and bear children at each age in accordance with prevailing age-specific fertility rates.
 
Notes - Data not available.