The State of the World's Children 2003
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Please check against print version of the report to assure accuracy.
Countries and territories Adult prevalence rate (15-49 years), end-2001 Estimated number of people living with HIV/AIDS, end-2001 HIV prevalence among pregnant women (aged 15-24), major urban areas HIV/AIDS prevention, 1999-2001*
% with sufficient knowledge to protect themselves from HIV/AIDS Female (15-24 years)
% who used condom at last high-risk sex in past 12 months 1998-2001* Orphans Malaria, 2000
Adults and children (0-49 years) Children (0-14 years) Year (no. of sites surveyed) Median (15-19 years) Median (20-24 years) Female
(15-24 years)
Male
(15-24 years)
Children orphaned by AIDS (0-14 years), 2001 Orphan school attendance rate as a % of non-orphan attendance rate
(1995-2001*)
% under-fives sleeping under a bednet % under-fives sleeping under a treated bednet % under-fives with fever receiving anti-malarial drugs
Afghanistan - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Angola 5.5 350,000 37,000 - - - 12 - - 100,000 89 10 2 63
Bahamas 3.5 6,200 <100 - - - - - - 2,900 - - - -
Bangladesh <0.1 13,000 310 - - - - - - 2,100 - - - -
Barbados 1.2 - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Belize 2.0 2,500 180 - - - - - - 950 - - - -
Benin 3.6 120,000 12,000 1999 [n] 2.2 4.8 - - - 34,000 37 39 5 60
Bhutan <0.1 <100 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Botswana 38.8 330,000 28,000 2001 [3] 27.1 34.9 - - - 69,000 99 - - -
Burkina Faso 6.5 440,000 61,000 1998 [1] 6.2 8.8 - 41 55 270,000 - - - -
Burundi 8.3 390,000 55,000 1998 [1] 8.8 15.4 24 - - 240,000 69 3 0 31
Cambodia 2.7 170,000 12,000 2000 [n] 1.9 2.8 37 41 - 55,000 71 - - -
Cameroon 11.8 920,000 69,000 2000 [5] 9.5 11.2 16 16 31 210,000 92 11 1 66
Central African Republic 12.9 250,000 25,000 - - - 5 - - 110,000 89 31 2 66
Chad 3.6 150,000 18,000 - - - 5 3x 2x 72,000 93 27 1 32
Comoros - - - - - - 10 - - - - 36 9 63
Congo 7.2 110,000 15,000 2000 [u] 11.0 - - - - 78,000 - - - -
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 4.9 1,300,000 170,000 - - - 12 - - 930,000 77 12 1 45
Côte d’Ivoire 9.7 770,000 84,000 1998 [3] 4.7 12.2 16 25 56 420,000 77 10 1 58
Djibouti - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Dominican Republic 2.5 130,000 4,700 1999 [n] 1.8x 1.8x 33 12x 48x 33,000 87 - - -
Ecuador 0.3 20,000 660 - - - - - - 7,200 - - - -
El Salvador 0.6 24,000 830 - - - - - - 13,000 - - - -
Equatorial Guinea 3.4 5,900 420 - - - 4 - - - - 15 1 49
Eritrea 2.8 55,000 4,000 - - - - - 2x 24,000 - - - -
Estonia 1.0 7,700 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Ethiopia 6.4 2,100,000 230,000 2000 [4] 8.9 17.6 - 17 30 990,000 60 1 0 3
Gabon - - - 1995 [3] 7.1 2.x - 33 48 - 98 - - -
Gambia 1.6 8,400 460 - - - 15 - - 5,300 - 42 15 55
Ghana 3.0 360,000 34,000 2000 [5] 1.9 3 22x 48x 57x 200,000 95 - - 61
Guatemala 1.0 67,000 4,800 - - - - - - 32,000 98 6 1 -
Guinea - - - 1995 [1] 0.5 2 - 18 32 - 115 - - -
Guinea-Bissau 2.8 17,000 1,500 - - - 8 - - 4,300 104 67 7 58
Guyana 2.7 18,000 800 1997 [1] 3.0 7 - - - 4,200 - 61 7 3
Haiti 6.1 250,000 12,000 2000 [n] 3.7 3.8 - 19 30 200,000 82 - - -
Honduras 1.6 57,000 3,000 - - - - - - 14,000 - - - -
India 0.8 3,970,000 170,000 - - - - - - - - - - -
Jamaica 1.2 20,000 800 1997 [3] 1.3 1.4 - - - 5,100 - - - -
Kenya 15.0 2,500,000 220,000 1997 [1] 12.5 16.2 26 14 43 890,000 75 17 3 40
Lao People’s Democratic Republic <0.1 1,400 <100 - - - - - - - - 21 0 -
Lesotho 31.0 360,000 27,000 1999 [n] 25.0 41 18 - - 73,000 89 - - -
Liberia - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Madagascar 0.3 22,000 1,000 - - - 5 - - 6,300 - 30 1 59
Malawi 15.0 850,000 65,000 2001 [3] 13.6 25.7 34 32 38 470,000 92 8 3 27
Mali 1.7 110,000 13,000 1997 [u] 3.5x 3.5x - - - 70,000 72 - - -
Mauritania - - - - - - - - - - - - - 50
Mexico 0.3 150,000 3,600 - - - - - - 27,000 - - - -
Mozambique 13.0 1,100,000 80,000 2000 [2] 13.0 14.7 - - - 420,000 35 - - -
Myanmar - - - 2000 [n] 2.9 2.8 - - - - - - - -
Namibia 22.5 230,000 30,000 2000 [n] 11.9 20.3 - - - 47,000 - - - -
Nepal 0.5 58,000 1,500 - - - - - - 13,000 - - - -
Nicaragua 0.2 5,800 210 - - - - - - 2,000 - - - -
Niger - - - - - - 5 2 2 - 69 17 1 48
Nigeria 5.8 3,500,000 270,000 2000 [n] 3.0 5.8 - - - 1,000,000 88 - - -
Panama 1.5 25,000 800 - - - - - - 8,100 - - - -
Papua New Guinea 0.1 17,000 500 - - - - - - 4,200 - - - -
Paraguay - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Rwanda 8.9 500,000 65,000 1999 [4] 8.4 12.8 - 23 55 260,000 93 6 5 13
Sao Tome and Principe - - - - - - 11 - - - - 43 22 61
Senegal 0.5 27,000 2,900 - - - 10 - - 15,000 - 15 2 36
Sierra Leone 7.0 170,000 16,000 - - - 16 - - 42,000 74 15 2 61
Solomon Islands - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Somalia 1.0 43,000 - - - - 1 - - - - 16 0 19
South Africa 20.1 5,000,000 250,000 2000 [n] 16.1 29.1 - 20 - 660,000 - - - -
Sri Lanka <0.1 4,800 <100 - - - - - - 2,000 - - - -
Sudan 2.6 450,000 30,000 - - - 2 - - 62,000 - 24 2 23
Suriname 1.2 3,700 190 - - - 27 - - 1,700 89 72 3 -
Swaziland 33.4 170,000 14,000 2000 [u] 22.0 42.2 27 - - 35,000 86 0 0 24
Tanzania, United Republic of 7.8 1,500,000 170,000 2000 [3] 13.2x 13.2x 26 21 31 810,000 72 21 2 53
Thailand 1.8 670,000 21,000 - - - - - - 290,000 - - - -
Togo 6.0 150,000 15,000 - - - 20 22 41 63,000 92 15 2 60
Trinidad and Tobago 2.5 17,000 300 - - - 33 - - 3,600 - - - -
Uganda 5.0 600,000 110,000 2000 [2] 7.0 10.5 28 44 62 880,000 94 7 0 -
Ukraine 1.0 250,000 - 1999 [u] - 0.4 - - - - - - - -
Vanuatu - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Yemen 0.1 9,900 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Zambia 21.5 1,200,000 150,000 1998 [4] 16.7 26.8 26 20x 39x 570,000 88 6 1 59
Zimbabwe 33.7 2,300,000 240,000 2000 [u] 27.1 34.8 17x 42 69 780,000 85 3 - -

DEFINITIONS OF THE INDICATORS AND MAIN DATA SOURCES

HIV/AIDS
Adult prevalence rate (15-49 years), end-2001: % of adults (15-49 years) living with HIV/AIDS.
Source: Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS).
Adults and children living with HIV/AIDS (0-49 years), end-2001: Estimated number of adults and children living with HIV/AIDS at the end of 2001.
Source: UNAIDS.
Children living with HIV/AIDS (0-14 years), end-2001: Estimated number of children (0-14 years) living with HIV/AIDS.
Source: UNAIDS.
HIV prevalence among pregnant women (aged 15-24): % of blood samples taken from pregnant women aged 15-24 that test positive for HIV during ‘unlinked anonymous sentinel surveillance’ at selected antenatal clinics. The data are presented separately for pregnant women aged 15-19 and 20-24 years. The letter [n] denotes nationwide surveillance in both urban and rural areas; the letter [u] denotes nationwide surveillance in urban areas.
Sources: Country sentinel surveillance reports (1997-2002) and HIV/AIDS surveillance.
Database: US Census Bureau, International Programs Center, Health Studies Branch, 2002.
% with sufficient knowledge to protect themselves from HIV/AIDS: % of all young people (aged 15-24 years) who both correctly identify ways of preventing the sexual transmission of HIV and who reject major misconceptions about HIV transmission or prevention. This indicator is a composite of knowledge of two prevention methods (condom use and one faithful partner) and three locally defined common misconceptions.
Sources: Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS), Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and behavioural sentinel surveys (BSS).
% who used condom at last high-risk sex in past 12 months: % of young men and women (aged 15-24) who say they used a condom the last time they had sex with a non-marital, non-cohabiting partner, of those who have had sex with such a partner in the last 12 months.
Sources: DHS, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), MICS and other national surveys.
Children orphaned by AIDS (0-14 years), 2001: Estimated number of children aged 0-14, as of end 2001, who have lost one or both parents to AIDS.
Source: UNICEF, UNAIDS, US Agency for International Development (USAID).
Orphan school attendance rate as a % of non-orphan attendance rate (1995-2001): % of children aged 10-14 who lost both natural parents and who are currently attending school as a % of non-orphaned children of the same age who live with at least one parent and who are attending school.
Sources: MICS, DHS.
MALARIA
% under-fives sleeping under a bednet, 2000: % of children (0-4 years) who slept under a bednet.
Sources: MICS, DHS.
% under-fives sleeping under a treated bednet, 2000: % of children (0-4 years) who slept under an insecticide-impregnated bednet.
Sources: MICS, DHS.
% under-fives with fever receiving anti-malarial drugs, 2000: % of children (0-4 years) who were ill with fever in the last two weeks and received any appropriate (locally defined) antimalarial drugs.
Sources: MICS, DHS.
Notes Only countries whose adult prevalence rate of HIV/AIDS is 1% higher and/or where 50% or more of the population lives in malaria-endemic areas are included.
- Data not available.
x Indicates data that refer to years or periods other than those specified in the column heading, differ from the standard definition or refer to only part of a country.
* Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified in the column heading.