The State of the World's Children 2003
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Please check against print version of the report to assure accuracy.
Countries and territories Under-5 mortality rank Life expectancy: females as a % of males
2001
Adult literacy rate: females as a % of males
2000
Gross enrolment ratios: females as a % of males Contraceptive prevalence (%)
1995-2001*
Antenatal care coverage (%)
1995-2001*
Skilled attendant at delivery (%)
1995-2001*
Maternal mortality ratioreported
1985-2001*
primary school secondary school
1995-99* 1995-99*
Afghanistan 4 101 41 9 34 2x - - -
Albania 98 108 - 99 103 - 95 99 -
Algeria 75 104 68 92 106 57 58x 92 140
Andorra 161 - - - - - - - -
Angola 3 106 - 84 72 8 - 23 -
Antigua and Barbuda 144 - 104 - - 53 82 100x 150
Argentina 130 110 100 100 107 74x 95x 98 41
Armenia 93 108 - 107 107x 61 92 97 35
Australia 164 107 - 100 101 76x 100x 100 -
Austria 178 108 - 99 96 51 100x - -
Azerbaijan 48 110 97 99 100 55 69 88 80
Bahamas 138 113 102 97 103x 62x - 99x -
Bahrain 138 106 91 101 106 62 97 98 46
Bangladesh 58 100 57 97 108 54 40 12 400
Barbados 144 107 99 99 104 55 89 91 0
Belarus 125 118 99 95 97 50 100 - 20
Belgium 164 108 - 99 111 78x - - -
Belize 84 104 101 96 100 56 96 77x 140
Benin 24 106 45 67 47 19 81 66 500
Bhutan 52 104 55 76 29x 31 - 15x 380
Bolivia 58 106 86 97 94 48 69 59 390
Bosnia and Herzegovina 136 108 91 100 - 48 99 100 10
Botswana 42 99 107 100 109 48 97 99 330
Brazil 92 112 100 95 111 77 86 88 160
Brunei Darussalam 164 106 93 95 110 - 100x 99 0
Bulgaria 138 112 99 97 98 86 - - 15
Burkina Faso 12 104 39 69 67 12 61 31 480
Burundi 14 104 72 81 75 9x 76 25 -
Cambodia 30 109 - 87 55 24 38 32 440
Cameroon 25 103 85 84 77 26 75 56 430
Canada 161 107 - 101 101 75 - 98 -
Cape Verde 88 109 77 99 104 53 99 53 35
Central African Republic 19 108 58 66 40x 28 67x 44 1100
Chad 11 105 61 61 28 8 42 16 830
Chile 147 108 100 96 101 56x 95x 100 23
China 85 106 84 103 91 91 - 89 55
Colombia 118 109 100 99 112 77 91 86 80
Comoros 57 105 89 84 78 26 74 62 -
Congo 45 108 85 91 73 - - - -
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 9 105 - 90 54 8x 68 61 950
Cook Islands 118 - - 97 - 50x - 100 -
Costa Rica 149 106 100 97 113 75x 70 98 29
Côte d’Ivoire 20 101 70 75 54 15 88 47 600
Croatia 158 111 98 98 104 - - - 6
Cuba 152 105 100 96 105 73 100 100 33
Cyprus 164 106 96 101 105 - - - 0
Czech Republic 178 109 - 100 102 69x 99x - 9
Denmark 189 107 - 100 105 78x - - 10
Djibouti 28 106 59 72 131 - - - -
Dominica 143 - - 113 - 50 100 100 65
Dominican Republic 76 108 100 98 122 64 98 96 230x
East Timor 36 104 - - - 27 71 26 -
Ecuador 98 108 96 100 102 66 69 69 160
Egypt 83 105 65 92 94 56 53 61 80
El Salvador 85 109 93 96 100 60 76 51 120
Equatorial Guinea 26 106 81 82 44 - 37x - -
Eritrea 41 105 - 82 70 8 49 21 1000
Estonia 147 116 - 96 103 70x - - 52
Ethiopia 21 103 76 67 67 8 27 6 870
Fiji 121 105 96 99 102x 32x - 100 38
Finland 178 110 - 99 109 77x 100x - 6
France 164 110 - 99 100 75x 99x - 10
Gabon 56 104 78 97 88 33 94 86 520
Gambia 35 106 68 90 74 10 79 51 -
Georgia 102 112 100 100 101 41 95 96 50
Germany 178 108 - 99 99 75x - - 8
Ghana 49 105 77 90 64x 22 88 44 210x
Greece 178 107 97 100 103 - - - 1
Grenada 110 - - 89 - 54x 98 100x 1
Guatemala 72 109 80 90 86 38 60 41 190
Guinea 22 102 49 68 35 6 71 35 530
Guinea-Bissau 8 107 40 67 54 1x 54 35 910
Guyana 64 115 99 98 103 41x - 95 110
Haiti 38 112 91 101 95x 28 79 24 520
Holy See - - - - - - - - -
Honduras 88 109 109 102 128x 50 84 54 110
Hungary 152 113 100 99 101 77x - - 15
Iceland 189 106 - 99 108 - - - -
India 54 102 61 83 66 47 60 43 540
Indonesia 77 106 89 96 96 55 89 56 380
Iran (Islamic Republic of) 81 103 84 97 93 73 77 - 37
Iraq 33 105 - 82 62 14x 78 - 290
Ireland 164 107 - 99 107 - - - 6
Israel 164 105 96 99 100 - - - 5
Italy 164 108 99 99 96 78x - - 7
Jamaica 125 106 110 106 96 66 99 95 95
Japan 178 109 - 100 102 59x - 100 8
Jordan 94 104 89 100 103 57 96 97 41
Kazakhstan 61 119 100 100 100 66 91 99 65
Kenya 40 103 85 99 90 39 76 44 590
Kiribati 67 - - - - 28x 88x 85 -
Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of 73 109 - 94x - - - - 110
Korea, Republic of 178 110 97 101 99 81 - 100 20
Kuwait 151 105 95 99 100 50 95x 98 5
Kyrgyzstan 71 112 - 97 102 60 97 98 65
Lao People’s Democratic Republic 49 105 68 85 69 19x 29 21 650
Latvia 121 117 100 98 102 - - 100 45
Lebanon 95 104 87 96 109 63 87 88 100x
Lesotho 34 99 127 109 133 23x 88 60 -
Liberia 5 104 53 72 67 6x 84 51 580
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 130 106 74 100x 112 45 81 94 75
Liechtenstein 149 - - - - - - - -
Lithuania 152 115 100 99 62 - - - 18
Luxembourg 178 109 - 102 105 - - - 0
Madagascar 32 104 - 96 93 19 73 47 490
Malawi 15 99 63 100 80 31 91 56 1100
Malaysia 158 107 91 98 111 55x - 96 41
Maldives 58 98 100 101 107 32 81 70 350
Mali 6 104 69 69 50 7 47 24 580
Malta 178 107 102 101 89 - - - -
Marshall Islands 70 - - 99 - 37x - 95 -
Mauritania 15 106 58 94 71 8 64 53 750
Mauritius 130 111 92 101 98 26 - - 21
Mexico 102 109 96 99 104 70 86 86 55
Micronesia (Federated States of) 114 - - - - - - 93 -
Moldova, Republic of 95 112 99 99 104 74 99 99 28
Monaco 178 - - - - - - - -
Mongolia 61 107 100 103 122 60 97 97 150
Morocco 78 106 58 85 80 59 42 40 230
Mozambique 12 104 47 74 65 10 71 44 1100
Myanmar 43 109 91 100 100 33 76 - 230
Namibia 69 100 98 102 113 44 91 78 270
Nauru 98 - - 94 - - - - -
Nepal 55 99 40 74 73 39 28 11 540
Netherlands 164 107 - 98 96 79x - 100 7
New Zealand 164 107 - 100 105 75 95x 100 15
Nicaragua 79 107 100 101 118 60 82 65 150
Niger 2 101 35 67 63 14 41 16 590
Nigeria 15 101 78 87 85x 15 64 42 -
Niue - - - 100 - - - 100 -
Norway 189 108 - 100 102 74x - - 6
Occupied Palestinian Territory 114 105 - 101 106 51 96 - -
Oman 146 104 77 95 99 40 96 91 14
Pakistan 43 100 48 70 70 17 28 20 -
Palau 102 - - - - 47x - 100 -
Panama 110 106 98 97 106 58x 72 90 70
Papua New Guinea 53 103 81 91 75 26 78 53 370x
Paraguay 98 107 98 97 104 57 89 58 190
Peru 85 108 90 99 94 69 84 59 190
Philippines 88 106 100 101 108 47 86 56 170
Poland 152 112 100 98 99 49x - - 8
Portugal 164 110 95 96 107 66x - 100 8
Qatar 138 104 103 96 137 43 94x - 10
Romania 121 110 98 98 101 64 - 98 42
Russian Federation 121 121 99 99x 108 - - - 44
Rwanda 15 104 82 98 100 13 92 31 1100
Saint Kitts and Nevis 114 - - 93 - 41 100x 100 130
Saint Lucia 130 107 - 95 122 47 100x 100 30
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 110 - - 84 - 58 92 100x 43
Samoa 110 110 - 97 110 30 - 100 -
San Marino 164 - - - - - - - -
Sao Tome and Principe 63 - - - - 10x - 86x -
Saudi Arabia 105 104 80 96 90 32 90 91 -
Senegal 30 107 59 87 63 11 77 51 560
Seychelles 137 - - 100 - - - - -
Sierra Leone 1 107 45 93 85 4 68 42 1800
Singapore 189 106 92 98 110 74x - 100 6
Slovakia 152 111 100 99 101 74x 98x - 9
Slovenia 178 110 - 99 103 - - - 11
Solomon Islands 114 104 - 87x 67x 25x - 85 553x
Somalia 7 107 - 50x 60x 1x 32 34 -
South Africa 66 106 98 97 110 56 94 84 -
Spain 164 109 98 100 105 81 - - 6
Sri Lanka 130 108 94 97 106 71 98 97 90
Sudan 46 105 67 86 164 10x 75x 86x 550
Suriname 95 108 97 97x 116x 42 91 85 110
Swaziland 27 102 97 95 100 28 89 70 230
Sweden 193 107 - 103 127 78x - - 5
Switzerland 164 108 - 99 93 82 - - 5
Syrian Arab Republic 105 103 68 92 89 46 51x 76x 110x
Tajikistan 64 109 99 93 85 34 71 77 65
Tanzania, United Republic of 23 104 79 100 83 22 49 36 530
Thailand 105 109 97 95 103 72 86 85 44
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 109 106 - 99 96 - 100 - 7
Togo 29 105 59 78 44 26 73 49 480
Tonga 125 - - 97 - - - 92 -
Trinidad and Tobago 125 107 99 98 109 38 98x 99 70
Tunisia 108 104 74 95 104 66 79x 90 70
Turkey 79 108 82 88 72 64 68 81 130x
Turkmenistan 51 110 - - - 62 98 97 65
Tuvalu 74 - - 100 - - - 99 -
Uganda 36 103 74 88 60 23 92 39 510
Ukraine 125 117 - 99x 114 89 - 99 25
United Arab Emirates 152 106 109 99 114 28 97 99 3
United Kingdom 161 107 - 100 116 82x - 99 7
United States 158 108 - 98 101 76 99x 99 8
Uruguay 138 110 101 98 118 84 94 99 26
Uzbekistan 68 109 100 100 88x 67 97 96 21
Vanuatu 81 105 - 108 84 15x - 89 -
Venezuela 120 108 100 98 120 77 90 95 60
Viet Nam 88 107 95 97 90 74 68 70 95
Yemen 46 104 37 57 36 21 34 22 350
Yugoslavia 130 107 98 103 105 58 - - 9
Zambia 10 98 84 94 76 19 96 47 650
Zimbabwe 38 98 94 97 90 54 93 73 700

REGIONAL SUMMARIES
Sub-Saharan Africa 103 78 87 82 22 66 41 1100
Middle East and North Africa 104 72 88 92 56 65 64 360
South Asia 101 61 82 71 45 52 35 430
East Asia and Pacific 107 86 101 94 81 - 80 140
Latin America and Caribbean 110 98 97 108 71 84 81 190
CEE/CIS and Baltic States 113 97 95 99 67 81 90 55
Industrialized countries 108 - 99 103 - - 99 12
Developing countries 105 80 91 88 61 65 56 440
Least developed countries 103 66 84 85 29 55 29 1000
World 105 87 92 92 63 65 59 400

Definitions of the indicators Main data sources
Life expectancy at birth - The number of years newborn children would live if subject to the mortality risks prevailing for the cross-section of population at the time of their birth. Life expectancy - United Nations Population Division.
Adult literacy - United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), including the Education for All 2000 Assessment.
Adult literacy rate - Percentage of persons aged 15 and over who can read and write. School enrolment - Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and UNESCO, including the Education for All 2000 Assessment.
Primary or secondary enrolment ratios - The number of children e enrolled in a schooling level (primary or secondary), regardless of age, divided by the population of the age group that officially corresponds to that level. Contraceptive prevalence - DHS, Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS), United Nations Population Division and UNICEF.
Antenatal care - DHS, MICS, World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF.
Contraceptive prevalence - Percentage of women in union aged 15-49 years currently using contraception. Skilled attendant at delivery - DHS, MICS, WHO and UNICEF.
Antenatal care - Percentage of women aged 15-49 years attended at least once during pregnancy by skilled health personnel (doctors, nurses or midwives). Maternal mortality - WHO and UNICEF.
Skilled attendant at delivery - Percentage of births attended by skilled health personnel (doctors, nurses or midwives). The maternal mortality data provided in this table are those reported by national authorities. Periodically, UNICEF and WHO evaluate these data and make adjustments to account for the well-documented problems of underreporting and misclassification of maternal deaths and to develop estimates for countries with no data. The regional and global totals in this table are based on the most recent of these assessments and refer to the year 1995.
Maternal mortality ratio - Annual number of deaths of women from pregnancy-related causes per 100,000 live births. This 'reported' column shows country reported figures that are not adjusted for underreporting and misclassification.
 
Notes - Data not available.
x Indicates data that refer to years or periods other than those specified in the column heading, differ from the standard definition or refer to only part of a country.
* Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified in the column heading.