The State of the World's Children 2003
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Please check against print version of the report to assure accuracy.
Countries and territories Under-5 mortality rank GNI per capita (US$) GDP per capita average annual growth rate (%) Average annual rate of inflation (%)
1990-2001
% of population below $1 a day
1990-99
% of central government expenditure allocated to:
(1992-2001*)
ODA inflow in millions US$
2000
ODA inflow as a % of recipient GNI
2000
Debt service as a % of exports of goods and services
2001 1960-90 1990-2001 health education defence 1990 2000
Afghanistan 4 250x 0.1 - - - - - - 141 - - -
Albania 98 1230 - 3.0 34 - 4 2 4 319 8 1 1
Algeria 75 1630 2.4 0.1 17 2 4 24 17 162 0 62 19
Andorra 161 d - - - - - - - - - - -
Angola 3 500 - -1.1 659 - 6x 15x 34x 307 5 7 15
Antigua and Barbuda 144 9070 - 2.5 2 - - - - 10 2 - -
Argentina 130 6960 0.6 2.4 4 - 2 6 4 76 0 30 63
Armenia 93 560 - -1.3 172 8 - - - 216 11 - 4
Australia 164 19770 2.1 2.8 2 - 15 8 7 - - - -
Austria 178 23940 3.2 1.7 2 - 14 9 2 - - - -
Azerbaijan 48 650 - 1.7 59 2 1 3 11 139 3 - 5
Bahamas 138 14960x 1.2 0.1 3 - 16 20 3 - - - -
Bahrain 138 9370x - 1.7 0 - 8 13 16 49 - - -
Bangladesh 58 370 0.5 3.1 4 29 5x 11x 10x 1171 2 18 8
Barbados 144 9250x 3.0 1.7 3 - - - - 0 0 14x 6x
Belarus 125 1190 - -0.6 318 2 4 4 4 - - - 2
Belgium 164 23340 2.9 1.8 2 - 2x 12x 5x - - - -
Belize 84 2910 3.2 1.6 2 - 8 20 5 15 2 6 15
Benin 24 360 0.1 1.9 8 - 6x 31x 17x 239 10 7 10
Bhutan 52 640 - 3.5 9 - 10 15 - 53 11 5 4
Bolivia 58 940 -0.1 1.4 8 14 10 20 7 477 6 31 36
Bosnia and Herzegovina 136 1240 - 16.2 3 - - - - 737 15 - 20
Botswana 42 3630 8.6 2.9 9 33x 5 26 8 31 1 4 2
Brazil 92 3060 3.6 1.4 168 12 6 6 3 322 0 19 78
Brunei Darussalam 164 24630x -1.8 -0.7 1 - - - - - - - -
Bulgaria 138 1560 - -0.9 93 2 5 4 8 - - 19 13
Burkina Faso 12 210 1.1 2.4 4 61 7 17 14 336 14 6 14
Burundi 14 100 2.0 -4.3 13 - 2 15 23 93 13 41 23
Cambodia 30 270 - 2.0 22 - - - - 398 13 - 1
Cameroon 25 570 2.5 -0.3 5 33 3 12 10 380 4 20 17
Canada 161 21340 2.3 2.0 1 - 1 2 6 - - - -
Cape Verde 88 1310 - 3.3 5 - - - - 94 16 5 7
Central African Republic 19 270 -0.6 -0.3 4 67 - - - 76 7 8 8
Chad 11 200 -1.2 -0.5 7 - 8x 8x - 131 8 2 8
Chile 147 4350 1.2 4.8 7 2 12 18 8 49 0 20 25
China 85 890 4.8 8.9 6 19 0 2 12 1736 0 10 7
Colombia 118 1910 2.3 0.8 20 20 9 20 13 187 0 39 28
Comoros 57 380 - -2.3 5 - - - - 19 9 2 3
Congo 45 700 3.1 -3.1 10 - - - - 33 2 32 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 9 100x -1.4 -8.2 1423 - 0 0 18 184 - 5 -
Cook Islands 118 - - - - - - - - 4 - - -
Costa Rica 149 3950 1.6 2.8 16 13 22 21 - 12 0 21 7
Côte d’Ivoire 20 630 1.0 0.1 8 12 4x 21x 4x 352 3 26 20
Croatia 158 4650 - 2.1 72 2 15 7 5 66 0 - 25
Cuba 152 1170x - - 1 - 23x 10x - 44 - - -
Cyprus 164 12370x 6.2 3.1 4 - 6 12 4 - - - -
Czech Republic 178 5270 - 1.1 11 2 17 9 5 - - - 12
Denmark 189 31090 2.1 2.1 2 - 1 13 4 - - - -
Djibouti 28 890 - -3.6 4 - - - - 71 13 - 4
Dominica 143 3060 - 1.4 3 - - - - 15 6 4 6x
Dominican Republic 76 2230 3.1 4.2 9 3 11 16 4 62 0 7 4
East Timor 36 - - - - - - - - 233 - - -
Ecuador 98 1240 2.9 -0.3 39 20 11x 18x 13x 147 1 27 17
Egypt 83 1530 3.5 2.6 8 3 3 15 9 1328 1 20 8
El Salvador 85 2050 -0.4 2.3 7 21 5 24 7 180 1 14 5
Equatorial Guinea 26 700 - 18.8 17 - - - - 21 6 3 0
Eritrea 41 190 - 0.4 10 - - - - 176 24 - 1
Estonia 147 3880 - 1.7 45 2 16 10 5 - - - 8
Ethiopia 21 100 - 2.5 6 31 6 16 9 693 10 30 12
Fiji 121 2130 1.9 1.7 3 - 9 18 6 29 2 12 2
Finland 178 23940 3.4 2.6 2 - 3 10 4 - - - -
France 164 22690 2.9 1.4 2 - 16x 7x 6x - - - -
Gabon 56 3160 3.1 -0.1 6 - - - - 12 0 4 14
Gambia 35 330 1.1 0.0 4 59 7x 12x 4x 49 11 18 6
Georgia 102 620 - -4.9 279 2 3 4 4 170 5 - 7
Germany 178 23700 - 1.2 2 - 17x 1x 7x - - - -
Ghana 49 290 -1.2 1.9 27 45 7 22 5 609 9 20 16
Greece 178 11780 3.8 2.0 9 - 7 11 8 - - - -
Grenada 110 3720 - 2.9 2 - 10 17 - 17 5 3 4
Guatemala 72 1670 1.4 1.4 10 10 11 17 11 264 1 11 8
Guinea 22 400 - 1.6 5 - 3x 11x 29x 153 5 18 13
Guinea-Bissau 8 160 -0.5 -1.3 29 - 1x 3x 4x 80 37 21 7
Guyana 64 840 -0.3 4.4 12 - - - - 108 17 - 16x
Haiti 38 480 0.1 -2.5 19 - - - - 208 5 4 6
Holy See - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Honduras 88 900 1.1 0.3 18 24 10x 19x 7x 449 8 30 18
Hungary 152 4800 3.9 2.0 18 2 4 6 2 - - 30 24
Iceland 189 28880 3.6 2.0 3 - 25 10 - - - - -
India 54 460 1.6 4.0 8 44 2 3 16 1487 0 25 12
Indonesia 77 680 4.3 2.1 16 8 2 6 4 1731 1 31 23
Iran (Islamic Republic of) 81 1750 -3.5 2.0 26 - 7 19 14 130 0 1 11
Iraq 33 2170x -1.1 - 0x - - - - 101 - - -
Ireland 164 23060 3.1 6.7 4 - 16 14 3 - - - -
Israel 164 16710x 3.1 2.2 10 - 13 14 17 - - - -
Italy 164 19470 3.2 1.5 4 - 11x 8x 4x - - - -
Jamaica 125 2720 0.1 -0.3 22 3 6 14 1 10 0 20 13
Japan 178 35990 4.8 1.0 0 - 2 6 4 - - - -
Jordan 94 1750 2.5 0.9 3 2 10 16 19 552 7 18 10
Kazakhstan 61 1360 - -1.8 169 2 2 4 4 189 1 - 12
Kenya 40 340 2.3 -0.6 13 27 7 26 6 512 5 26 14
Kiribati 67 830 -5.5 0.6 3 - - - - 18 21 - -
Korea, Democratic People's Republic of 73 a - - - - - - - 75 - - -
Korea, Republic of 178 9400 6.5 4.6 5 2 1 21 17 -55x 0x 10 10
Kuwait 151 18030x -6.2 -1.4 3 - 7 15 17 - - - -
Kyrgyzstan 71 280 - -4.0 95 - 11 20 10 215 16 - 26
Lao People's Democratic Republic 49 310 - 3.8 28 26 - - - 281 19 8 7
Latvia 121 3300 4.1 -1.1 42 2 11 6 3 - - - 14
Lebanon 95 4010 - 3.6 15 - 2 7 11 197 1 1 8x
Lesotho 34 550 3.1 2.0 10 43 9 27 7 41 3 4 11
Liberia 5 490x -0.6 - - - 5x 11x 9x 68 - - -
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 130 5540x 0.2 - - - - - - 7x - - -
Liechtenstein 149 d - - - - - - - - - - -
Lithuania 152 3270 - -1.7 63 2 16 6 5 - - - 15
Luxembourg 178 41770 2.6 4.2 2 - 2 10 2 - - - -
Madagascar 32 260 -1.3 -0.6 18 49 7 9 5 322 8 32 6
Malawi 15 170 1.5 1.7 33 - 7x 12x 5x 445 26 23 9
Malaysia 158 3640 4.1 3.9 4 - 6 23 11 45 0 12 5
Maldives 58 2040 - 5.3 5 - 10 18 14 19 4 4 4
Mali 6 210 0.1 1.6 7 73 2x 9x 8x 360 14 8 9
Malta 178 9120x 7.1 4.0 3 - 10 11 2 21 1 - -
Marshall Islands 70 2190 - - 5 - - - - 57 50 - -
Mauritania 15 350 0.8 1.2 6 29 4x 23x - 212 21 24 20
Mauritius 130 3830 2.9 3.9 6 - 8 16 1 20 0 6 20
Mexico 102 5540 2.4 1.5 18 16 4 26 3 -54 0 16 26
Micronesia (Federated States of) 114 2150 - -1.3 3 - - - - 102 42 - -
Moldova, Republic of 95 380 - -8.2 103 11 3 4 1 123 9 - 13
Monaco 178 d - - - - - - - - - - -
Mongolia 61 400 - 0.0 51 14 6 9 9 217 23 - 3
Morocco 78 1180 2.3 0.7 3 2 3 18 13 419 1 18 26
Mozambique 12 210 - 5.1 29 38 5x 10x 35x 876 21 21 6
Myanmar 43 220x 1.4 5.1x 25 - 3 8 29 107 - 9 4
Namibia 69 1960 - 1.8 9 35 10x 22x 7x 152 4 - -
Nauru 98 - - - - - - - - 4 - - -
Nepal 55 250 0.5 2.5 8 38 5 15 5 390 7 10 6
Netherlands 164 24040 2.4 2.2 2 - 15 10 4 - - - -
New Zealand 164 12380 - 1.8 2 - 17 16 4 - - - -
Nicaragua 79 420x -1.5 -0.1 45 - 13 15 6 562 34x 2 22
Niger 2 170 -2.2 -0.9 6 61 - - - 211 11 12 8
Nigeria 15 290 0.4 -0.3 27 70 1x 3x 3x 185 1 22 4
Niue - - - - - - - - - 3 - - -
Norway 189 35530 3.4 2.9 3 - 5 7 6 - - - -
Occupied Palestinian Territory 114 1350 - -3.0 8 - - - - 636 13 - -
Oman 146 4940x 7.6 0.3x -3x - 7 15 33 46 - 12 7
Pakistan 43 420 2.9 1.2 10 31 1 1 18 703 1 17 23
Palau 102 6730 - - 2 - - - - 39 29 - -
Panama 110 3290 1.8 2.1 2 14 17 4 12 17 0 3 9
Papua New Guinea 53 580 1.1 1.0 7 - 7 22 4 275 8 37 12
Paraguay 98 1300 3.0 -0.7 12 19 7 22 11 82 1 12 9
Peru 85 2000 0.4 2.5 23 15 5x 16x 11x 401 1 6 39
Philippines 88 1040x 1.5 1.1 8 - 5 19 2 578 1x 23 13
Poland 152 4240 - 4.4 21 2 2 5 4 - - 4 20
Portugal 164 10670 4.0 2.5 5 2 9x 11x 6x - - - -
Qatar 138 12000x - - - - - - - - - - -
Romania 121 1710 2.0 0.0 91 3 14 10 5 - - 0 18
Russian Federation 121 1750 3.8 -3.5 140 7 1 2 12 - - - 6
Rwanda 15 220 1.1 -1.3 13 36x 5x 26x - 322 16 10 15
Saint Kitts and Nevis 114 6880 3.7 4.7 3 - - - - 4 1 3 12
Saint Lucia 130 3970 - 0.6 3 - - - - 11 2 2 9
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 110 2690 - 2.5 2 - 12 16 - 6 2 3 7
Samoa 110 1520 - 2.1 4 - - - - 27 11 5 7
San Marino 164 d - - - - - - - - - - -
Sao Tome and Principe 63 280 - -0.6 47 - - - - 35 82 28 26
Saudi Arabia 105 7230x 2.2 -1.2 2 - 6x 14x 36x 31 0 - -
Senegal 30 480 -0.6 1.1 4 26 3 14 7 423 9 14 12
Seychelles 137 7050x 3.1 1.1 3 - 7 7 3 18 3 8 3
Sierra Leone 1 140 0.6 -5.0 27 57x 10x 13x 10x 182 30 5 16
Singapore 189 24740x 6.9 4.7 1 - 5 21 26 - - - -
Slovakia 152 3700 - 2.1 10 2 18 10 5 - - - 16
Slovenia 178 9780 - 3.0 18 2 - - - 61 0 - -
Solomon Islands 114 580 2.4 -1.5 8 - - - - 68 25 10 7
Somalia 7 120x -1.0 - - - 1x 2x 38x 104 - 10 -
South Africa 66 2900 1.3 0.2 9 11 - - - 488 0 - 9
Spain 164 14860 3.2 2.5 4 - 6 4 3 - - - -
Sri Lanka 130 830 2.7 3.8 9 7 6 10 18 276 2 10 8
Sudan 46 330 -0.1 5.5 55 - 1 8 28 225 2 3 0
Suriname 95 1690 -0.6 2.0 84 - - - - 34 5 - -
Swaziland 27 1300 2.1 0.2 13 - 8 20 8 13 1 6 2
Sweden 193 25400 2.2 1.7 2 - 2 7 6 - - - -
Switzerland 164 36970 1.6 0.3 1 - 20 2 5 - - - -
Syrian Arab Republic 105 1000 2.9 2.5 6 - 3 10 25 158 1 20 3
Tajikistan 64 170 - -10.0 202 - 2 3 10 142 13 - 9
Tanzania, United Republic of 23 270 - 0.3 20 20 6x 8x 16x 1045 12 25 13
Thailand 105 1970 4.6 3.0 4 2 8 22 8 641 1 14 15
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 109 1690 - -0.9 66 - - - - 252 7 - 8
Togo 29 270 1.1 -0.6 7 - 5x 20x 11x 70 5 8 3
Tonga 125 1530 - 2.1 2 - 7x 13x - 19 12 2 11
Trinidad and Tobago 125 5540 3.1 2.9 5 12 9 15 2 -2 0 18 9
Tunisia 108 2070 3.3 3.1 4 2 6 18 5 223 1 22 19
Turkey 79 2540 2.0 1.8 74 2 3 10 8 325 0 27 33
Turkmenistan 51 990 - -5.9 328 12 - - - 32 1 - 30x
Tuvalu 74 - - - - - - - - 4 - - -
Uganda 36 280 - 3.6 11 - 2x 15x 26x 819 12 34 16
Ukraine 125 720 - -7.4 221 3 2 6 5 - - - 14
United Arab Emirates 152 18060x -5.0 -1.6 2 - 7 17 30 - - - -
United Kingdom 161 24230 2.1 2.2 3 - 15 4 7 - - - -
United States 158 34870 2.2 2.2 2 - 21 2 15 - - - -
Uruguay 138 5670 0.9 2.1 28 2x 6 7 4 17 0 31 26
Uzbekistan 68 550 - -1.8 212 3 - - - 186 1 - 24
Vanuatu 81 1050 - -1.1 3 - - - - 46 21 2 1
Venezuela 120 4760 -0.5 -0.6 43 23 7 22 5 77 0 22 14
Viet Nam 88 410 - 5.8 14 - 4 14 - 1700 6 7 7
Yemen 46 460 - 2.2 21 16 4 22 19 265 4 4 2
Yugoslavia 130 940x - 0.5 54 - - - - 1135 11 - -
Zambia 10 320 -1.2 -1.7 48 64 13 14 4 795 25 13 18
Zimbabwe 38 480 1.4 -0.2 28 36 8 24 7 178 3 19 16

REGIONAL SUMMARIES
Sub-Saharan Africa 519 1.2 0.5 25 43 - - - 11964 4 17 9
Middle East and North Africa 1375 0.9 1.9 15 - 5 17 14 4593 1 20 13
South Asia 449 1.7 3.6 8 40 2 3 17 4240 0 22 12
East Asia and Pacific 1140 5.1 6.1 7 16 2 10 12 8437 0 14 10
Latin America and Caribbean 3610 2.4 1.7 79 14 6 13 5 3807 0 20 34
CEE/CIS and Baltic States 1980 3.4 -0.4 97 4 4 5 8 - - - 16
Industrialized countries 28210 3.1 1.8 2 - 12 4 10 - - - -
Developing countries 1159 2.9 3.5 36 26 3 11 10 34655 1 18 17
Least developed countries 295 0.0 2.2 40 34 - - - 12473 8 11 8
World 5228 3.1 2.0 10 24 10 6 10 37369 1 17 17

Definitions of the indicators Main data sources
GNI per capita - Gross national income (GNI) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. GNI per capita is gross national income divided by mid-year population. GNI per capita in US dollars is converted using the World Bank Atlas method. GNI per capita - World Bank.
GDP per capita - World Bank.
Rate of inflation - World Bank.
GDP per capita - Gross domestic product (GDP) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output. GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by mid-year population. Growth is calculated from constant price GDP data in local currency. % of population below $1 a day - World Bank.
Expenditure on health, education and defence - International Monetary Fund (IMF).
% of population below $1 a day - Percentage of population living on less than $1 a day at 1985 international prices, adjusted for purchasing power parity. ODA - Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
ODA - Official development assistance. Debt service - World Bank.
Debt service - The sum of interest payments and repayments of principal on external public and publicly guaranteed long-term debts.
 
Notes a: Range $745 or less. - Data not available.
b: Range $746 to $2975. x Indicates data that refer to years or periods other than those specified in the column heading, differ from the standard definition or refer to only part of a country.
c: Range $2976 to $9205.
d: Range $9206 or more. * Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified in the column heading.