The State of the World's Children 2003
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Countries and territories Under-5 mortality rank Population (thousands)
2001
Population annual growth rate (%) Crude death rate Crude birth rate Life expectancy Total fertility rate % of population urbanized Average annual growth rate of urban population (%)
under 18 under 5 1970-90 1990-2001 1970 2001 1970 2001 1970 2001 2001 2001 1970-90 1990-2001
Afghanistan 4 11219 3928 0.4 4.5 26 22 50 48 38 43 6.8 23 2.9 6.5
Albania 98 1100 300 2.2 -0.4 8 5 33 19 67 73 2.4 43 2.8 1.2
Algeria 75 12653 3528 3.0 2.0 16 5 49 24 53 70 2.9 58 4.3 3.0
Andorra 161 17 4 5.4 4.8 - - - - - - - 92 5.1 4.6
Angola 3 7412 2678 2.7 3.1 27 20 49 51 37 45 7.2 35 5.7 5.3
Antigua and Barbuda 144 23 6 0.5 0.3 - - - - - - - 37 0.7 0.8
Argentina 130 12278 3515 1.5 1.3 9 8 23 19 66 74 2.5 88 2.0 1.5
Armenia 93 1083 193 1.7 0.6 5 7 24 9 72 73 1.2 67 2.3 0.6
Australia 164 4750 1259 1.5 1.2 9 7 20 13 71 79 1.8 91 1.5 1.9
Austria 178 1613 391 0.2 0.4 13 10 15 9 70 78 1.3 67 0.1 0.5
Azerbaijan 48 2761 572 1.6 1.1 7 6 29 13 68 72 1.6 52 2.0 0.7
Bahamas 138 108 30 2.0 1.7 7 7 31 20 66 69 2.3 89 2.8 2.3
Bahrain 138 213 55 4.0 2.6 9 4 40 16 62 74 2.4 92 4.5 3.1
Bangladesh 58 63232 18871 2.5 2.2 21 9 47 31 44 60 3.6 26 7.3 4.6
Barbados 144 67 17 0.4 0.4 9 8 22 12 69 77 1.5 51 1.3 1.5
Belarus 125 2332 456 0.6 -0.1 8 14 16 9 71 69 1.2 70 2.7 0.3
Belgium 164 2120 539 0.2 0.3 12 10 14 10 71 79 1.5 97 0.3 0.3
Belize 84 103 29 2.1 2.0 8 4 40 26 66 74 3.0 48 1.8 2.0
Benin 24 3432 1131 2.7 3.0 25 13 53 42 42 54 5.8 43 6.3 5.0
Bhutan 52 1052 333 2.4 2.1 22 9 42 35 42 62 5.2 7 4.9 5.4
Bolivia 58 3895 1221 2.2 2.4 20 8 45 31 46 63 4.1 63 3.9 3.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 136 938 205 0.9 -0.5 7 8 23 10 66 74 1.3 43 2.8 0.3
Botswana 42 768 223 3.3 2.1 15 23 51 31 52 39 4.1 49 11.6 3.4
Brazil 92 59214 16021 2.2 1.4 11 7 35 19 59 68 2.2 82 3.6 2.2
Brunei Darussalam 164 124 34 3.4 2.4 7 3 36 20 67 76 2.6 73 3.7 3.3
Bulgaria 138 1517 306 0.1 -0.9 9 15 16 8 71 71 1.1 68 1.4 -0.8
Burkina Faso 12 6631 2276 2.5 2.5 25 17 53 47 40 47 6.8 17 6.8 4.6
Burundi 14 3559 1133 2.4 1.3 20 21 44 44 44 41 6.8 9 7.2 5.0
Cambodia 30 6937 2131 1.6 3.0 21 11 42 36 43 56 4.9 18 2.0 6.0
Cameroon 25 7576 2378 2.8 2.4 21 15 45 37 44 50 4.8 50 6.2 4.4
Canada 161 7087 1766 1.2 1.0 7 8 17 11 73 79 1.6 79 1.3 1.3
Cape Verde 88 200 61 1.2 2.3 12 6 41 30 56 70 3.3 63 5.3 5.5
Central African Republic 19 1877 615 2.3 2.3 23 19 43 38 42 44 5.0 42 3.4 3.2
Chad 11 4313 1542 2.3 3.0 27 19 48 49 38 46 6.7 24 5.2 4.3
Chile 147 5134 1433 1.6 1.5 10 6 30 19 62 75 2.4 86 2.1 1.8
China 85 376467 95091 1.6 1.0 9 7 33 15 61 71 1.8 37 3.9 3.6
Colombia 118 16407 4752 2.2 1.8 9 6 38 23 61 71 2.7 76 3.2 2.7
Comoros 57 363 120 3.2 2.9 18 9 50 38 48 60 5.1 34 5.1 4.7
Congo 45 1643 581 2.8 3.0 20 14 46 45 46 51 6.3 66 5.5 4.6
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 9 29197 10340 3.0 3.2 20 14 48 48 45 52 6.7 31 2.6 4.1
Cook Islands 118 8 2 -0.8 1.0 - - - - - - .- 59 -0.2 0.9
Costa Rica 149 1562 446 2.8 2.7 7 4 35 22 67 77 2.7 60 4.5 3.7
Côte d’Ivoire 20 8035 2466 4.1 2.4 21 16 51 36 44 48 4.8 44 6.0 3.3
Croatia 158 1020 269 0.4 0.3 10 11 15 12 69 74 1.7 58 1.9 0.9
Cuba 152 2822 703 1.1 0.5 7 7 30 12 69 76 1.6 75 2.1 0.7
Cyprus 164 218 53 0.5 1.3 10 7 20 13 71 78 1.9 70 2.8 2.1
Czech Republic 178 2033 441 0.2 0.0 13 11 16 9 70 75 1.2 75 2.1 -0.1
Denmark 189 1142 322 0.2 0.3 10 11 16 11 73 76 1.7 85 0.5 0.4
Djibouti 28 320 103 5.9 2.2 25 20 57 38 40 42 5.9 84 7.2 2.5
Dominica 143 25 7 0.1 0.0 - - - - - - - 71 1.9 0.4
Dominican Republic 76 3364 944 2.3 1.7 11 7 42 24 58 67 2.8 66 4.2 2.8
East Timor 36 375 89 1.0 0.1 24 14 45 27 39 49 4.0 8 0.1 0.0
Ecuador 98 5108 1467 2.7 2.1 12 6 42 24 58 70 2.9 63 4.4 3.3
Egypt 83 28708 8014 2.3 1.9 17 6 40 24 51 68 3.0 43 2.5 1.7
El Salvador 85 2651 802 1.8 2.0 12 6 44 26 57 70 3.0 61 2.9 4.1
Equatorial Guinea 26 235 82 1.0 2.6 25 16 42 43 40 51 5.9 49 2.4 5.6
Eritrea 41 1919 638 2.6 1.9 21 14 47 40 43 52 5.4 19 4.1 3.7
Estonia 147 299 59 0.7 -1.2 11 13 15 9 70 71 1.2 69 1.2 -1.4
Ethiopia 21 33331 11469 2.5 2.8 23 20 48 44 41 44 6.8 16 4.4 4.8
Fiji 121 324 97 1.7 1.2 8 5 35 25 60 69 3.0 50 2.5 2.9
Finland 178 1118 281 0.4 0.3 10 10 15 10 70 78 1.6 59 1.4 0.0
France 164 13414 3641 0.6 0.4 11 9 17 12 72 79 1.8 76 0.8 0.6
Gabon 56 582 201 3.1 2.7 21 15 32 38 44 53 5.4 82 7.0 4.4
Gambia 35 615 209 3.5 3.3 28 17 50 38 36 47 4.9 31 6.0 5.4
Georgia 102 1295 289 0.7 -0.4 7 10 19 11 68 73 1.4 56 1.5 -0.2
Germany 178 15355 3743 0.1 0.3 12 11 14 9 71 78 1.3 88 0.4 0.5
Ghana 49 9410 2857 2.8 2.4 17 11 47 33 49 57 4.3 36 3.6 3.2
Greece 178 1962 496 0.7 0.4 8 10 17 9 72 78 1.3 60 1.3 0.6
Grenada 110 33 9 -0.2 0.3 - - - - - - .- 38 0.1 1.4
Guatemala 72 5877 1874 2.6 2.6 15 7 45 35 52 65 4.6 40 2.9 3.1
Guinea 22 4189 1459 2.3 2.7 28 17 52 44 37 48 6.0 28 4.9 4.3
Guinea-Bissau 8 612 215 2.4 2.4 28 20 45 45 36 45 6.0 33 4.7 5.2
Guyana 64 279 81 0.2 0.4 11 9 38 22 60 63 2.4 37 0.8 1.3
Haiti 38 3933 1146 2.1 1.6 19 13 39 31 47 53 4.1 36 4.1 3.6
Holy See - - - .- .- - - - - - - .- 100 .- .-
Honduras 88 3173 969 3.2 2.7 15 7 48 31 52 66 3.9 54 5.0 5.0
Hungary 152 2012 473 0.0 -0.4 11 14 15 9 69 72 1.3 65 1.2 0.0
Iceland 189 78 21 1.1 0.9 7 7 22 14 74 79 1.9 93 1.4 1.1
India 54 402043 116316 2.1 1.8 17 9 40 25 49 64 3.1 28 3.4 2.6
Indonesia 77 78016 21639 2.1 1.5 17 7 41 21 48 67 2.4 42 5.0 4.4
Iran (Islamic Republic of) 81 31637 7466 3.5 1.8 15 5 45 22 53 69 2.9 65 5.0 3.1
Iraq 33 11340 3637 3.1 2.8 16 8 48 35 55 63 4.9 68 4.1 2.6
Ireland 164 1012 269 0.9 0.8 11 8 22 15 71 77 2.0 59 1.3 1.2
Israel 164 2052 622 2.2 2.8 7 6 27 20 71 79 2.8 92 2.6 3.0
Italy 164 9902 2590 0.3 0.1 10 11 17 9 72 79 1.2 67 0.4 0.2
Jamaica 125 971 261 1.2 0.8 8 6 35 21 68 75 2.4 57 2.3 1.7
Japan 178 22787 6131 0.8 0.3 7 8 19 9 72 81 1.4 79 1.3 0.5
Jordan 94 2348 783 3.5 4.0 16 4 51 34 54 71 4.4 79 4.7 4.8
Kazakhstan 61 5181 1249 1.2 -0.4 9 10 26 16 64 65 2.0 56 1.9 -0.5
Kenya 40 15867 4770 3.6 2.6 17 13 52 35 50 50 4.3 34 7.9 5.8
Kiribati 67 38 12 1.8 1.4 - - - - - - .- 39 3.3 2.4
Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of 73 7017 1902 1.6 1.1 9 10 33 17 61 65 2.1 61 2.0 1.4
Korea, Republic of 178 11846 3067 1.5 0.8 9 6 31 13 60 75 1.5 82 4.5 1.8
Kuwait 151 744 150 5.3 -0.8 6 3 47 18 66 76 2.7 96 6.3 -0.7
Kyrgyzstan 71 1980 513 2.0 1.1 11 7 31 20 62 68 2.5 34 2.0 0.3
Lao People’s Democratic Republic 49 2649 846 2.1 2.4 23 13 44 36 40 54 5.0 20 4.5 4.7
Latvia 121 514 90 0.6 -0.9 11 13 14 8 70 71 1.1 60 1.3 -2.3
Lebanon 95 1298 333 0.5 2.5 11 5 36 19 64 73 2.2 90 2.2 3.1
Lesotho 34 940 293 2.1 1.8 18 20 43 33 48 44 4.5 29 6.4 5.1
Liberia 5 1555 614 2.2 3.4 21 13 49 55 46 53 6.8 46 4.6 4.1
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 130 2218 664 3.9 2.1 16 5 49 27 52 71 3.5 88 6.8 2.7
Liechtenstein 149 7 2 1.6 1.2 - - - - - - .- 22 1.7 1.6
Lithuania 152 864 178 0.9 -0.1 9 11 17 9 71 72 1.3 69 2.4 0.0
Luxembourg 178 98 28 0.6 1.3 12 9 13 12 70 78 1.7 92 1.8 1.9
Madagascar 32 8404 2932 2.7 2.9 20 14 46 42 44 53 5.8 30 5.3 5.2
Malawi 15 6136 2087 3.7 1.9 25 23 56 45 40 40 6.5 15 6.9 4.3
Malaysia 158 9019 2611 2.5 2.2 10 5 37 23 61 73 3.0 58 4.5 3.6
Maldives 58 152 49 2.9 3.0 17 6 40 36 50 67 5.5 28 6.1 3.8
Mali 6 6157 2209 2.4 2.6 26 18 51 50 42 52 7.0 31 4.9 5.0
Malta 178 95 24 0.9 0.8 9 8 17 12 70 78 1.8 91 1.5 1.1
Marshall Islands 70 23 7 2.8 1.5 - - - - - - - 66 3.0 1.6
Mauritania 15 1394 486 2.4 2.9 22 15 45 44 42 52 6.0 59 8.3 5.6
Mauritius 130 355 93 1.2 0.9 7 7 29 16 62 72 1.9 42 1.0 1.2
Mexico 102 38933 11126 2.5 1.7 10 5 44 23 61 73 2.6 75 3.5 2.0
Micronesia (Federated States of) 114 56 18 1.9 2.7 - - - - - - - 29 2.4 3.4
Moldova, Republic of 95 1203 251 1.0 -0.2 10 12 19 12 65 67 1.5 42 2.9 -1.2
Monaco 178 7 2 1.1 1.1 - - - - - - - 99 1.2 1.1
Mongolia 61 1054 267 2.8 1.3 14 7 42 22 53 63 2.4 57 4.0 1.3
Morocco 78 12368 3620 2.4 1.9 17 6 47 25 52 68 3.1 56 4.1 3.3
Mozambique 12 9418 3217 2.0 2.8 22 24 47 43 42 39 6.0 33 8.4 7.0
Myanmar 43 18752 5354 2.1 1.6 18 12 40 24 48 56 3.0 28 2.4 2.8
Namibia 69 900 282 2.8 2.4 18 18 44 35 48 45 5.0 31 4.6 3.9
Nauru 98 6 2 2.0 3.3 - - - - - - - 96 1.9 2.6
Nepal 55 11161 3620 2.1 2.4 22 10 41 35 42 59 4.6 12 6.3 5.2
Netherlands 164 3457 921 0.7 0.6 8 9 17 11 74 78 1.5 90 0.8 0.7
New Zealand 164 1036 274 0.9 1.1 9 8 22 14 71 78 2.0 86 1.1 1.3
Nicaragua 79 2576 810 2.9 2.8 14 5 48 33 54 69 4.0 57 3.5 3.4
Niger 2 6351 2375 3.1 3.4 27 20 56 56 37 46 8.0 21 6.3 5.9
Nigeria 15 60495 20068 2.9 2.8 22 14 48 40 43 52 5.6 45 5.7 5.1
Niue - 1 0 .- .- - - - - - - - 35 -2.0 -0.2
Norway 189 1045 283 0.4 0.5 10 10 17 12 74 79 1.7 75 0.9 0.9
Occupied Palestinian Territory 114 1747 614 3.4 3.9 19 4 50 40 54 72 5.7 67 4.2 4.4
Oman 146 1326 416 4.5 3.5 21 4 50 36 47 71 5.6 77 13.0 5.4
Pakistan 43 69782 22651 2.9 2.5 18 10 44 37 48 60 5.2 34 3.9 3.4
Palau 102 9 3 2.0 2.6 - - - - - - - 68 3.2 2.3
Panama 110 1062 300 2.3 1.7 8 5 37 21 65 74 2.5 57 2.9 2.2
Papua New Guinea 53 2300 717 2.4 2.4 19 10 42 33 43 57 4.4 18 4.6 3.9
Paraguay 98 2586 784 2.9 2.6 9 5 37 30 65 70 3.9 57 4.3 4.0
Peru 85 10219 2893 2.5 1.7 14 6 42 23 53 69 2.7 73 3.4 2.3
Philippines 88 33699 9858 2.6 2.1 11 5 40 27 57 70 3.4 59 4.5 3.9
Poland 152 9094 1931 0.8 0.1 8 10 17 10 70 74 1.3 63 1.5 0.4
Portugal 164 2033 561 0.7 0.1 11 11 21 11 67 76 1.5 66 3.6 3.2
Qatar 138 179 53 7.0 2.2 13 4 34 18 61 70 3.4 93 7.6 2.5
Romania 121 4946 1137 0.7 -0.3 9 13 21 10 68 70 1.3 55 1.9 -0.1
Russian Federation 121 32171 6229 0.6 -0.2 9 15 15 9 70 66 1.2 73 1.4 -0.3
Rwanda 15 4094 1340 3.0 1.5 21 19 53 40 44 40 5.9 6 5.5 2.8
Saint Kitts and Nevis 114 13 4 -0.6 -0.9 - - - - - - - 34 -0.5 -0.9
Saint Lucia 130 57 17 1.4 1.2 8 6 41 23 64 74 2.6 38 1.0 1.4
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 110 40 11 1.0 0.7 - - - - - - - 56 3.0 3.6
Samoa 110 77 21 0.6 -0.1 10 6 40 28 55 70 4.3 22 0.8 0.4
San Marino 164 5 1 1.2 1.5 - - - - - - - 90 3.1 1.3
Sao Tome and Principe 63 75 26 2.3 1.8 - - - - - - - 48 4.8 3.6
Saudi Arabia 105 10298 3265 4.9 2.8 18 4 48 34 52 72 5.7 87 7.3 3.8
Senegal 30 4908 1621 2.8 2.5 25 12 49 38 41 54 5.2 48 3.7 4.2
Seychelles 137 42 14 1.4 1.3 - - - - - - - 65 4.9 3.2
Sierra Leone 1 2328 845 2.1 1.1 30 25 49 51 34 40 6.5 38 4.8 3.2
Singapore 189 1046 271 1.9 2.8 5 5 23 12 69 78 1.5 100 1.9 2.8
Slovakia 152 1282 282 0.7 0.3 10 10 19 10 70 73 1.3 58 2.3 0.4
Slovenia 178 386 88 0.7 0.3 10 10 17 8 70 76 1.2 49 2.2 0.1
Solomon Islands 114 237 81 3.4 3.4 10 5 46 38 54 69 5.4 20 5.9 6.4
Somalia 7 5003 1874 3.4 2.2 25 17 51 52 40 48 7.3 28 4.3 3.6
South Africa 66 17645 5188 2.4 1.7 14 15 38 25 53 50 2.9 57 2.5 3.2
Spain 164 7186 1801 0.8 0.1 9 10 20 9 72 79 1.1 78 1.4 0.4
Sri Lanka 130 6056 1564 1.6 1.0 8 6 29 17 64 72 2.1 23 1.5 1.8
Sudan 46 14739 4790 2.7 2.3 22 11 48 35 43 56 4.6 37 5.1 5.3
Suriname 95 155 39 0.4 0.4 8 6 37 19 63 71 2.1 75 2.1 1.6
Swaziland 27 451 139 3.0 1.8 19 21 47 34 46 42 4.5 27 7.5 2.8
Sweden 193 1891 415 0.3 0.3 10 11 14 9 74 80 1.4 83 0.4 0.3
Switzerland 164 1420 353 0.5 0.4 9 10 16 9 73 79 1.4 67 1.0 1.5
Syrian Arab Republic 105 7916 2285 3.4 2.7 14 4 47 30 55 71 3.8 52 4.0 3.2
Tajikistan 64 2790 749 2.9 1.3 11 6 40 24 63 68 3.1 28 2.2 0.1
Tanzania, United Republic of 23 18623 6064 3.2 2.9 20 13 50 39 45 51 5.2 33 9.1 6.9
Thailand 105 20171 5791 2.1 1.4 10 6 37 18 59 70 2.0 20 3.8 2.0
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 109 552 140 1.0 0.6 8 8 24 12 66 73 1.6 59 2.0 0.9
Togo 29 2369 784 2.7 2.7 21 13 48 39 44 52 5.5 34 6.6 4.3
Tonga 125 41 11 0.8 0.3 - - - - - - .- 33 2.6 0.8
Trinidad and Tobago 125 399 86 1.1 0.6 7 6 28 13 66 75 1.6 75 1.6 1.3
Tunisia 108 3394 829 2.3 1.4 14 7 40 18 54 70 2.2 66 3.6 2.7
Turkey 79 24038 7021 2.3 1.7 13 6 39 21 56 70 2.4 66 4.6 2.4
Turkmenistan 51 2108 600 2.6 2.5 11 7 38 26 60 67 3.3 45 2.3 2.5
Tuvalu 74 4 1 2.0 1.0 - - - - - - - 55 5.4 3.9
Uganda 36 13496 4858 3.0 3.0 19 18 51 51 46 45 7.1 15 4.7 5.5
Ukraine 125 10725 2095 0.5 -0.5 9 15 16 8 71 68 1.1 68 1.5 -0.3
United Arab Emirates 152 815 199 11.0 2.5 11 4 36 16 61 75 3.0 87 12.7 3.3
United Kingdom 161 13467 3447 0.2 0.3 12 11 16 11 72 78 1.6 90 0.2 0.4
United States 158 73767 19834 1.0 1.0 9 8 17 13 71 77 2.0 77 1.1 1.3
Uruguay 138 983 283 0.5 0.7 10 9 21 17 69 75 2.3 92 0.9 1.0
Uzbekistan 68 10659 2691 2.7 1.9 10 6 37 21 63 69 2.5 37 3.1 1.1
Vanuatu 81 98 30 2.7 2.8 14 6 43 32 53 68 4.4 22 4.5 4.4
Venezuela 120 9792 2805 3.0 2.1 7 5 38 23 65 73 2.8 87 3.8 2.5
Viet Nam 88 30942 7607 2.2 1.6 18 7 41 20 49 69 2.3 25 2.7 3.4
Yemen 46 10784 4056 3.0 4.5 23 9 53 50 41 61 7.6 25 5.7 5.4
Yugoslavia 130 2552 626 0.8 0.3 9 11 19 11 68 73 1.6 52 2.1 0.5
Zambia 10 5702 1918 3.2 2.5 19 20 51 42 46 42 5.8 40 4.6 2.7
Zimbabwe 38 6741 2065 3.4 2.1 13 18 47 36 55 43 4.7 36 6.0 4.3

REGIONAL SUMMARIES
Sub-Saharan Africa 325348 108836 2.9 2.6 21 16 48 41 44 48 5.6 35 4.5 4.7
Middle East and North Africa 155263 44913 3.1 2.3 17 6 45 28 51 67 3.7 57 4.2 3.1
South Asia 564697 167332 2.2 2.0 17 9 41 27 48 62 3.4 28 3.6 3.0
East Asia and Pacific 601336 157560 1.8 1.2 10 7 34 17 58 69 2.0 39 3.9 3.5
Latin America and Caribbean 193842 54891 2.2 1.6 11 6 37 22 60 70 2.6 76 3.2 2.3
CEE/CIS and Baltic States 127049 29345 1.0 0.3 9 11 20 12 66 69 1.6 63 1.8 0.3
Industrialized countries 190309 50109 0.7 0.6 10 9 17 11 72 78 1.6 79 0.9 0.9
Developing countries 1894433 548031 2.2 1.7 14 9 38 24 53 62 3.0 41 3.7 3.2
Least developed countries 340222 112883 2.5 2.6 22 14 47 40 43 51 5.3 26 4.5 4.8
World 2157844 612986 1.8 1.5 13 9 32 22 56 64 2.7 48 2.4 2.4

Definitions of the indicators Main data sources
 
Life expectancy at birth - The number of years newborn children would live if subject to the mortality risks prevailing for the cross-section of population at the time of their birth. Life expectancy - United Nations Population Division.
Crude death rate - Annual number of deaths per 1,000 population. Child population - United Nations Population Division.
Crude birth rate - Annual number of births per 1,000 population. Crude death and birth rates - United Nations Population Division.
Total fertility rate - The number of children that would be born per woman if she were to live to the end of her child-bearing years and bear children at each age in accordance with prevailing age-specific fertility rates. Fertility - United Nations Population Division.
Urban population - Percentage of population living in urban areas as defined according to the national definition used in the most recent population census. Urban population - United Nations Population Division.
 
Notes - Data not available.