The State of the World's Children 2003
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Please check against print version of the report to assure accuracy.
Countries and territories Under-5 mortality rank % of population using improved drinking water sources
2000
% of population using adequate sanitation facilities
2000
% of routine
EPI vaccines financed by
government
2001


% immunized 2001
(%) Adult HIV prevalence rate (15-49 years)
2001
Oral rehydration rate (%)
1994-2000*
1-year-old children
total urban rural total urban rural total TB DPT3 polio3 measles HepB3
Afghanistan 4 13 19 11 12 25 8 0x 54 44 45 46 - - 40
Albania 98 97 99 95 91 99 85 15x 93 97 97 95 96 - 48
Algeria 75 89 94 82 92 99 81 100 97 89 89 83 - 0.1 62
Andorra 161 100 100 100 100 100 100 - - 90 90 90 75 - -
Angola 3 38 34 40 44 70 30 13 74 41 44 72 - 5.5 -
Antigua and Barbuda 144 91 95 89 95 98 94 100 - 98 99 97 96 - -
Argentina 130 - - - - - - 100 99 82 88 94 - 0.69 -
Armenia 93 - - - - - - 0 97 94 97 93 69 0.15 30
Australia 164 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 - 92 92 93 94 0.07 -
Austria 178 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 - 84 83 79 - 0.24 -
Azerbaijan 48 78 93 58 81 90 70 10 98 98 99 99 - <0.1 27
Bahamas 138 97 98 86 100 100 100 100x - 99 91 93 - 3.5 -
Bahrain 138 - - - - - - 100x - 97 97 98 97 0.26 -
Bangladesh 58 97 99 97 48 71 41 100 94 83 83 76 - <0.1 -
Barbados 144 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 - 84 86 92 17 1.2 -
Belarus 125 100 100 100 - - - 100 99 99 99 99 93 0.27 -
Belgium 164 - - - - - - - - 96 96 83 60 0.16 -
Belize 84 92 100 82 50 71 25 100x 95 89 89 96 75 2.0 -
Benin 24 63 74 55 23 46 6 55 94 76 75 65 - 3.6 18
Bhutan 52 62 86 60 70 65 70 0x 81 88 88 78 89 <0.1 -
Bolivia 58 83 95 64 70 86 42 60 94 81 79 79 - 0.10 40
Bosnia and Herzegovina 136 - - - - - - - 95 91 92 92 - <0.1 11
Botswana 42 95 100 90 66 88 43 100 99 87 87 83 64 38.8 -
Brazil 92 87 95 53 76 84 43 100 99 97 99 99 95 0.65 18
Brunei Darussalam 164 - - - - - - 100 99 99 99 99 99 - -
Bulgaria 138 100 100 100 100 100 100 - 98 94 94 90 93 <0.1 -
Burkina Faso 12 42 66 37 29 39 27 0 72 41 42 46 - 6.5 37
Burundi 14 78 91 77 88 68 90 6 84 74 69 75 - 8.3 10
Cambodia 30 30 54 26 17 56 10 7 64 60 59 59 - 2.7 -
Cameroon 25 58 78 39 79 92 66 35 77 43 43 62 - 11.8 23
Canada 161 100 100 99 100 100 99 - - 97 89 96 - 0.31 -
Cape Verde 88 74 64 89 71 95 32 100 84 78 77 72 - - -
Central African Republic 19 70 89 57 25 38 16 0x 38 23 22 29 - 12.9 34
Chad 11 27 31 26 29 81 13 100 44 27 24 36 - 3.6 36
Chile 147 93 99 58 96 96 97 100x 97 97 98 97 - 0.30 -
China 85 75 94 66 40 69 27 100 77 79 79 79 - 0.11 29
Colombia 118 91 99 70 86 96 56 100x 86 74 78 75 74 0.40 -
Comoros 57 96 98 95 98 98 98 - 90 70 70 70 - - 22
Congo 45 51 71 17 - 14 - 0 53 31 32 35 - 7.2 13
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 9 45 89 26 21 54 6 0 57 40 42 46 - 4.9 -
Cook Islands 118 100 100 100 100 100 100 - 99 92 92 84 92 - -
Costa Rica 149 95 99 92 93 89 97 0x 92 88 80 82 89 0.55 -
Côte d’Ivoire 20 81 92 72 52 71 35 65 72 57 57 61 - 9.7 25
Croatia 158 - - - - - - 100 97 94 94 94 98 <0.1 -
Cuba 152 91 95 77 98 99 95 99 99 99 99 99 99 <0.1 -
Cyprus 164 100 100 100 100 100 100 - - - - - - 0.25 -
Czech Republic 178 - - - - - - - - - - - - <0.1 -
Denmark 189 100 100 100 - - - 100 - 97 97 94 - 0.15 -
Djibouti 28 100 100 100 91 99 50 85 38 49 49 49 - - -
Dominica 143 97 100 90 83 86 75 100 99 99 99 99 - - -
Dominican Republic 76 86 90 78 67 70 60 85 96 62 74 98 66 2.5 22
East Timor 36 - - - - - - 0 72 35 34 - - - -
Ecuador 98 85 90 75 86 92 74 100 99 90 92 99 71 0.30 -
Egypt 83 97 99 96 98 100 96 100 98 99 99 97 99 <0.1 -
El Salvador 85 77 91 64 82 89 76 100x 99 99 98 97 99 0.60 -
Equatorial Guinea 26 44 45 42 53 60 46 0x 34 32 40 19 - 3.4 -
Eritrea 41 46 63 42 13 66 1 0x 98 93 93 88 - 2.8 -
Estonia 147 - - - - 93 - 100 99 94 94 95 90 1.0 -
Ethiopia 21 24 81 12 12 33 7 18x 76 56 57 52 - 6.4 -
Fiji 121 47 43 51 43 75 12 100 99 90 99 90 93 0.07 -
Finland 178 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 99 99 95 96 - <0.1 -
France 164 - - - - - - - 84 98 97 84 - 0.33 -
Gabon 56 86 95 47 53 55 43 100 89 38 31 55 - - -
Gambia 35 62 80 53 37 41 35 57 99 96 87 90 84 1.6 26
Georgia 102 79 90 61 100 100 99 0 97 86 81 73 61 <0.1 33
Germany 178 - - - - - - - - 97 95 89 29 0.10 -
Ghana 49 73 91 62 72 74 70 100 91 80 80 81 - 3.0 22
Greece 178 - - - - - - - 88 88 87 88 88 0.17 -
Grenada 110 95 97 93 97 96 97 100 - 96 99 96 - - -
Guatemala 72 92 98 88 81 83 79 100 92 82 82 90 - 1.0 15
Guinea 22 48 72 36 58 94 41 20x 71 43 43 52 - - 21
Guinea-Bissau 8 56 79 49 56 95 44 0 70 47 52 48 - 2.8 13
Guyana 64 94 98 91 87 97 81 90 95 85 90 92 - 2.7 7
Haiti 38 46 49 45 28 50 16 30x 71 43 43 53 - 6.1 -
Holy See - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Honduras 88 88 95 81 75 93 55 100 99 95 95 95 - 1.6 -
Hungary 152 99 100 98 99 100 98 100 99 99 99 99 - 0.06 -
Iceland 189 - - - - - - 100 - 92 91 88 - 0.15 -
India 54 84 95 79 28 61 15 100 73 64 70 56 - 0.79 -
Indonesia 77 78 90 69 55 69 46 100 65 60 70 59 44 0.10 18
Iran (Islamic Republic of) 81 92 98 83 83 86 79 100 93 95 95 96 94 <0.1 -
Iraq 33 85 96 48 79 93 31 100 93 81 84 90 70 <0.1 37
Ireland 164 - - - - - - 100 - 84 84 73 - 0.11 -
Israel 164 - - - - - - 100 - 95 92 94 96 0.10 -
Italy 164 - - - - - - - - 95 96 70 95 0.37 -
Jamaica 125 92 98 85 99 99 99 100 96 90 91 85 - 1.2 -
Japan 178 - - - - - - - - 85 99 96 - <0.1 -
Jordan 94 96 100 84 99 100 98 100 - 99 97 99 97 <0.1 -
Kazakhstan 61 91 98 82 99 100 98 100 96 96 96 96 96 0.07 20
Kenya 40 57 88 42 87 96 82 3 91 76 73 76 - 15.0 30
Kiribati 67 48 82 25 48 54 44 - 85 85 88 76 85 - -
Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of 73 100 100 100 99 99 100 - - - - - - - 18
Korea, Republic of 178 92 97 71 63 76 4 40x 89 99 98 97 89 <0.1 -
Kuwait 151 - - - - - - 100x 95 98 94 99 - - -
Kyrgyzstan 71 77 98 66 100 100 100 11 99 99 99 99 57 <0.1 13
Lao People’s Democratic Republic 49 37 61 29 30 67 19 0 60 40 55 50 - <0.1 20
Latvia 121 - - - - - - 100 99 97 97 98 96 0.40 -
Lebanon 95 100 100 100 99 100 87 49 - 93 93 94 70 - 30
Lesotho 34 78 88 74 49 72 40 39 92 85 84 77 - 31.0 -
Liberia 5 - - - - - - 0 77 62 61 78 - - 26
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 130 72 72 68 97 97 96 2x 99 94 94 93 93 0.24 -
Liechtenstein 149 - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.07 -
Lithuania 152 - - - - - - 100 99 95 97 97 95 - -
Luxembourg 178 - - - - - - - - 98 98 91 49 0.16 -
Madagascar 32 47 85 31 42 70 30 16 72 55 58 55 - 0.29 16
Malawi 15 57 95 44 76 96 70 2x 93 90 86 82 - 15.0 -
Malaysia 158 - - 94 - - 98 100 99 97 97 92 95 0.35 -
Maldives 58 100 100 100 56 100 41 100x 99 98 98 99 96 0.06 -
Mali 6 65 74 61 69 93 58 100 68 51 51 37 - 1.7 22
Malta 178 100 100 100 100 100 100 - - 95 95 65 - 0.13 -
Marshall Islands 70 - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mauritania 15 37 34 40 33 44 19 100 70 61 58 58 - - -
Mauritius 130 100 100 100 99 100 99 100 89 92 93 90 92 0.10 -
Mexico 102 88 95 69 74 88 34 100 99 97 89 97 - 0.28 -
Micronesia (Federated States of) 114 - - - - - - 5 39 75 79 84 81 - -
Moldova, Republic of 95 92 97 88 99 100 98 26 98 90 93 81 84 0.24 19
Monaco 178 100 100 100 100 100 100 - 99 99 99 99 - - -
Mongolia 61 60 77 30 30 46 2 20x 98 95 95 95 95 <0.1 32
Morocco 78 80 98 56 68 86 44 100 93 96 93 96 84 0.08 -
Mozambique 12 57 81 41 43 68 26 10x 97 80 71 92 25 13.0 27
Myanmar 43 72 89 66 64 84 57 0 70 72 71 73 0 - 24
Namibia 69 77 100 67 41 96 17 100 69 63 64 58 - 22.5 -
Nauru 98 - - - - - - 100 99 95 99 95 95 - -
Nepal 55 88 94 87 28 73 22 60 84 72 92 71 - 0.49 11
Netherlands 164 100 100 100 100 100 100 - - 97 97 96 - 0.21 -
New Zealand 164 - 100 - - - - 100 - 90 82 85 90 0.06 -
Nicaragua 79 77 91 59 85 95 72 55 98 92 92 99 - 0.20 18
Niger 2 59 70 56 20 79 5 33x 49 31 30 51 - - 38
Nigeria 15 62 78 49 54 66 45 100 54 26 25 40 - 5.8 24
Niue - 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 99 99 99 99 99 - -
Norway 189 100 100 100 - - - 100 92 95 95 93 - 0.08 -
Occupied Palestinian Territory 114 86 97 86 100 100 100 - - - - - - - 43
Oman 146 39 41 30 92 98 61 100 98 99 99 99 99 0.11 88
Pakistan 43 90 95 87 62 95 43 100 78 56 58 54 - 0.11 19
Palau 102 79 100 20 100 100 100 - - - - - - - -
Panama 110 90 99 79 92 99 83 100 99 98 99 97 - 1.5 7
Papua New Guinea 53 42 88 32 82 92 80 100x 74 56 33 58 42 0.65 -
Paraguay 98 78 93 59 94 94 93 100x 51 66 63 77 - - -
Peru 85 80 87 62 71 79 49 99 88 85 88 97 92 0.35 29
Philippines 88 86 91 79 83 93 69 100 45 70 85 75 80 <0.1 28
Poland 152 - - - - - - - 95 98 98 97 99 0.1 -
Portugal 164 - - - - - - - 82 96 96 87 58 0.52 -
Qatar 138 - - - - - - 100x 99 93 90 92 99 - -
Romania 121 58 91 16 53 86 10 100 99 99 99 98 98 <0.1 -
Russian Federation 121 99 100 96 - - - 100x 97 96 97 98 46 0.90 -
Rwanda 15 41 60 40 8 12 8 0 74 86 84 78 - 8.9 4
Saint Kitts and Nevis 114 98 - - 96 - - 97 97 99 99 94 99 - -
Saint Lucia 130 98 - - 89 - - 100 99 99 99 89 - - -
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 110 93 - - 96 - - 100 99 99 99 98 - - -
Samoa 110 99 95 100 99 95 100 - 98 93 92 92 98 - -
San Marino 164 - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Sao Tome and Principe 63 - - - - - - - 81 82 87 69 - - 25
Saudi Arabia 105 95 100 64 100 100 100 100 94 97 97 94 95 - -
Senegal 30 78 92 65 70 94 48 100 89 52 49 48 - 0.50 4
Seychelles 137 - - - - - - 100 99 96 96 95 95 - -
Sierra Leone 1 57 75 46 66 88 53 0 74 44 46 37 - 7.0 28
Singapore 189 100 100 - 100 100 - 100 97 92 91 89 91 0.20 -
Slovakia 152 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 93 99 99 99 99 <0.1 -
Slovenia 178 100 100 100 - - - - 96 92 93 98 - <0.1 -
Solomon Islands 114 71 94 65 34 98 18 - 85 78 80 - 78 - -
Somalia 7 - - - - - - 0x 70 33 33 38 - 1.0 -
South Africa 66 86 99 73 87 93 80 100 87 81 80 72 80 20.1 -
Spain 164 - - - - - - - - 95 95 94 80 0.50 -
Sri Lanka 130 77 98 70 94 97 93 100 99 99 99 99 - <0.1 -
Sudan 46 75 86 69 62 87 48 25x 51 46 47 67 - 2.6 21
Suriname 95 82 93 50 93 99 75 100 - 80 80 90 - 1.2 24
Swaziland 27 - - - - - - 100x 95 77 76 72 78 33.4 7
Sweden 193 100 100 100 100 100 100 - - 99 99 94 98 0.08 -
Switzerland 164 100 100 100 100 100 100 - - 95 95 81 - 0.50 -
Syrian Arab Republic 105 80 94 64 90 98 81 100x 99 92 92 93 89 - -
Tajikistan 64 60 93 47 90 97 88 0 97 83 85 86 - <0.1 20
Tanzania, United Republic of 23 68 90 57 90 99 86 10x 89 85 62 83 - 7.8 21
Thailand 105 84 95 81 96 96 96 100 99 96 97 94 95 1.8 -
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 109 - - - - - - 100x 97 90 91 92 - <0.1 -
Togo 29 54 85 38 34 69 17 0x 84 64 63 58 - 6.0 23
Tonga 125 100 100 100 - - - 100 91 94 95 93 96 - -
Trinidad and Tobago 125 90 - - 99 - - 100 - 91 91 91 - 2.5 17x
Tunisia 108 80 92 58 84 96 62 100 97 96 96 92 94 - -
Turkey 79 82 81 86 90 97 70 100 89 88 88 90 77 <0.1 15
Turkmenistan 51 - - - - - - 100 99 95 98 98 - <0.1 31
Tuvalu 74 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 99 96 96 99 99 5.0 -
Uganda 36 52 80 47 79 93 77 75 81 60 60 61 - 1.0 -
Ukraine 125 98 100 94 99 100 98 100 98 99 99 99 7 - -
United Arab Emirates 152 - - - - - - 100x 98 94 94 94 92 - -
United Kingdom 161 100 100 100 100 100 100 - - 94 94 85 - 0.10 -
United States 158 100 100 100 100 100 100 - - 94 90 91 90 0.61 -
Uruguay 138 98 98 93 94 95 85 100 99 94 94 94 94 0.30 -
Uzbekistan 68 85 94 79 89 97 85 11 98 97 99 99 8 <0.1 19
Vanuatu 81 88 63 94 100 100 100 100 90 93 87 94 69 - -
Venezuela 120 83 85 70 68 71 48 100 94 70 88 49 54 0.5 -
Viet Nam 88 77 95 72 47 82 38 70 99 98 97 97 96 0.30 20
Yemen 46 69 74 68 38 89 21 38 73 76 76 79 21 0.12 -
Yugoslavia 130 98 99 97 100 100 99 - 99 93 93 90 - 0.19 -
Zambia 10 64 88 48 78 99 64 0x 92 78 79 85 - 21.5 8
Zimbabwe 38 83 100 73 62 71 57 100 80 75 75 68 75 33.7 50

REGIONAL SUMMARIES
Sub-Saharan Africa 57 83 44 53 73 43 58 73 54 52 58 6 8.6 24
Middle East and North Africa 87 95 77 83 93 70 92 88 87 87 89 66 0.30 -
South Asia 85 94 80 34 67 22 99 76 65 70 59 - 0.63 -
East Asia and Pacific 76 93 67 48 73 35 93 75 77 79 77 23 0.19 26
Latin America and Caribbean 86 94 66 77 86 52 98 95 89 89 91 49 0.63 -
CEE/CIS and Baltic States 91 95 82 91 97 81 75 95 94 95 95 57 0.44 19
Industrialized countries 100 100 100 100 100 100 - 85 94 93 90 82 0.35 -
Developing countries 78 92 69 52 77 35 89 78 71 73 70 20 1.3 25
Least developed countries 62 82 55 44 71 35 49 76 62 61 63 2 3.5 -
World 82 95 71 61 85 40 - 79 73 75 72 24 1.2 -

Definitions of the indicators Main data sources
Government funding of vaccines - Percentage of vaccines routinely administered in a country to protect children that are financed by the national government (including loans). Use of improved drinking water sources and adequate sanitation facilities - UNICEF, World Health Organization (WHO), Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) and Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS).
EPI - Expanded Programme on Immunization: The immunizations in this programme include those against TB, DPT, polio and measles, as well as protecting babies against neonatal tetanus by vaccination of pregnant women. Other vaccines (e.g., against hepatitis B or yellow fever) may be included in the programme in some countries. Government funding of vaccines - UNICEF and WHO.
Immunization - UNICEF and WHO.
DPT - Diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough) and tetanus. Adult HIV prevalence - Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS).
HepB3 - Percentage of infants that received three doses of hepatitis B vaccine. Oral rehydration - UNICEF, MICS and DHS.
Adult HIV prevalence - The estimated number of adults living with HIV/AIDS at the end of 2001 was divided by the 2001 adult population (aged 15-49).
Oral rehydration rate - Percentage of children under five with diarrhoea in the last two weeks who received increased fluids and continued feeding during the episode.
 
Notes - Data not available.
x Indicates data that refer to years or periods other than those specified in the column heading, differ from the standard definition or refer to only part of a country.
* Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified in the column heading.