The State of the World's Children 2000

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References

An urgent call to leadership

  1. World Bank, 'World Bank warns global poverty fight failing, unveils enhanced poverty strategy', population table in News Release No. 2000/059/S, 30 September 1999, p.4
  2. United Nations Children's Fund, The Convention on the Rights of the Child, articles 3 and 4, First Call for Children, New York, 1990.
  3. The Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, adopted in 1993 at the World Conference on Human Rights, highlights the need to protect children in a range of harmful circumstances and devotes a section to the rights of the child. The Report of the Fourth World Conference on Women (1995) calls for promotion and protection of all human rights of women and girls and devotes a section to 'the girl child'. Perhaps the World Summit for Social Development (1995) made the most extensive links with the articles and spirit of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, reaffirming rights to health, education, nutrition, sanitation and literacy
  4. United Nations Development Programme, Human Development Report 1994, UNDP, New York, Oxford University Press, 1994.
  5. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Shaping the 21st Century: The contribution of development co-operation, October, 1998.
  6. United Nations, ECOSOC, E/ICEF/1996/15.
  7. United Nations, Press release GA/SM/94, 14 September 1999.
  8. Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS and the World Health Organization, AIDS epidemic update: December 1998, UNAIDS/WHO, Geneva, December 1998, p. 1.
  9. Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Refugees and Others of Concern to UNHCR: 1998 statistical overview, UNHCR Statistical Unit, Geneva, July 1999, table 1.4, Indicative number of refugees, 1989-1998, pp. 20-23; and 'Principal Sources of Internationally Displaced Persons', World Refugee Survey 1999, US Committee for Refugees, table 5, Internally displaced persons, p 6.

Box 1

  1. Black, Maggie, Children First: The story of UNICEF past and present, UNICEF/Oxford University Press, New York, 1996, p 21.
  2. Save the Children Fund archive reference: SC/SF/17.

Undeclared war

  1. United Nations Population Division, Too young to die: Genes or gender?, ESA/P/WP.126 unedited version, December 1996.
  2. Jain, Sharda, 'Save before they perish', and Vaid, Sudershan and Sharda Jain, 'Nipped in the bud', both in Family Medicine, India, Vol. 3, No. 4, July-September 1999, pp. 7 and 9, respectively.
  3. Human Rights Watch, Broken People: Caste violence against India's 'Untouchables', Human Rights Watch, New York, March 1999.
  4. Ibid., p 1.
  5. Human Rights Watch, The Small Hands of Slavery: Bonded child labour in India, Human Rights Watch, New York, September 1996, pp. 2 and 17.
  6. Ibid., p 17.
  7. International Labour Organization, 'ILO concludes 87th Conference with adoption of new instruments against child labour', World of Work, No. 30, July 1999, p. 6.
  8. Ibid., p 2.
  9. United Nation's Children Fund, 'Women in Transition', Regional Monitoring Report, No. 6, Florence: UNICEF International Child Development Centre, 1999, p. 10.
  10. World Bank, 'World Bank Poverty Update', table 4, in News Release No. 99/2214/S of 2 June, 1999: 'Latest World Bank Poverty Update Shows Urgent Need to Better Shield Poor in Crisis'.
  11. Mehrotra, Santosh, 'Health and Education Policies in High-Achieving Countries: Some lessons', Development with a Human Face, Santosh Mehrotra and Richard Jolly (eds.), Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1997, pp. 68-75; and Watkins, Kevin, Economic Growth with Equity: Lessons from East Africa, Oxfam, Oxford, 1998, pp. 57-67.
  12. Citizen's Committee for Children of New York, Inc., Keeping Track of New York City's Children, New York, 1999, pp. 6 and 18.
  13. Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, SIPRI Yearbook 1999, SIPRI, Oxford University Press, 1999, p. 2.
  14. International Committee of the Red Cross, Landmines Must Be Stopped: ICRC overview 1998, Geneva, May 1998, p. 16.
  15. United Nations Children's Fund, The State of the World's Children 1996, UNICEF, New York, 1995, p. 13.
  16. United Nations, 'The Causes of Conflict and the Promotion of Durable Peace and Sustainable Development in Africa', Secretary-General's Report to the United Nations Security Council, 16 April 1998, paragraph 4.
  17. Human Rights Watch, Sudan: Global Trade, Local Impact; Arms transfers to all sides of the civil war in Sudan, Human Rights Watch, New York, Vol. 10, No. 4(A), August 1998, p. 20.
  18. Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, Facts and Figures 1999, UNAIDS, Geneva, February 1999, p. 1.
  19. Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS and the World Health Organization, AIDS epidemic update: December 1998, UNAIDS/WHO, Geneva, December 1998, p. 1.
  20. Sivard, Ruth Leger, World Military and Social Expenditures, 1996, World Priorities Inc., Washington, D.C., 1996, p. 18.
  21. Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS and the World Health Organization, AIDS epidemic update: December 1998, UNAIDS/WHO, Geneva, December, 1998, p. 1.
  22. Vandermoortele, Jan, 'AIDS conspires against the poor: An analysis of 35 DHS surveys', UNICEF, New York, 1999.
  23. United Nations Children's Fund, 'Report of the ESAR HIV/AIDS Task Force held in Nairobi, 11-12 March 1999', UNICEF, April 1999.
  24. United Nations Children's Fund, The Progress of Nations 1999, UNICEF, New York, July 1999, p. 20.
  25. Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, The Demographic Impact of HIV/AIDS, New York, November 1998, p. 42.
  26. Ibid., p. 43.
  27. Ahmed, Sadia, 'HIV/AIDS and Children: A South Asian perspective', Save the Children (UK) Office for South and Central Asia Region, Kathmandu, March 1998, p. 10.
  28. Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS and the World Health Organization, AIDS epidemic update, December 1998, UNAIDS/WHO, Geneva, December, 1998, p. 5.

In a single generation

  1. Shropshire, Steve and Alexandra MacKenzie, Arms Trade Bulletin No. 10, Saferworld, 5 November 1998, p. 8.
  2. United Nations Children's Fund, Children in Jeopardy: The challenge of freeing poor nations from the shackles of debt, New York, UNICEF, 1999, p. 2.
  3. United Nations Development Programme, Human Development Report 1999, Oxford University Press, New York, 1999, p. 2.
  4. United Nations Children's Fund, 'Child impact assessment', Making Children Count: Implementing the Convention on the Rights of the Child, UNICEF, New York, January 1999, p. 8.
  5. "All wars, just or unjust, disastrous or victorious, are waged against the child." This longer quote is attributed to Eglantyne Jebb, founder of Save the Children Fund.
  6. United Nations Children's Fund, The State of the World's Children 1996, UNICEF, New York, 1995, p. 41.
  7. Machel Graça, Statement to the Third Committee of the General Assembly, 8 November 1996, p. 2.
  8. International Campaign to Ban Landmines, 'Ratification Updates', 20 September 1999.
  9. United Nations, 'The Causes of Conflict and the Promotion of Durable Peace and Sustainable Development in Africa', Secretary-General's Report to the United Nations Security Council, 16 April 1998, Humanitarian Imperatives, paragraph 52.
  10. Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS and the Harvard School of Public Health, 'Level and flow of national and international resources for the response to HIV/AIDS, 1996-1997', Geneva, April 1999, pp. 9-11.
  11. Sesit, Michael R., 'Cost of Kosovo War could hit $40 billion - biggest economic impact could turn out to be end of peace dividend', The Wall Street Journal, New York, 29 June, 1999, p. A-11.

 
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