Key results for children
With generous support from donors and its own resources, UNICEF has assisted millions of women and children in South Sudan.
Due to increased efforts in health and nutrition, the infant mortality rate has been reduced by 18 per cent, from 102 per 1,000 live births in 2006 to 84 per 1,000 live births in 2010, and a 20 per cent drop in under-five mortality was recorded in 2010, from 135 to 105 per 1,000 live births compared to 2006. More than 100,000 children under five were treated for severe acute malnutrition in 2010 and 2011. Measles immunization reached upwards of 230,000 girls and boys, resulting in a decrease of measles cases from 2,000 in 2005 to less than 300 in 2010.
There have been marked improvements in WASH, with a 40 per cent increase in access to improved sources of drinking water from 48 per cent in 2006 to 69 per cent in 2010; and an eight per cent increase in access to improved sanitation from six per cent in 2006 to 15 per cent in 2010. More than 500,000 internally displaced people and returnees were supported through the pre-positioning and distribution of WASH supplies, the pipeline of which UNICEF manages for the entire WASH cluster.
The Education Programme has contributed to the increase of primary school enrolment from 0.6 million in 2005 to 1.4 million children in 2009 and secondary school enrolment from 15,000 in 2006 to 44,000 in 2009. More than 400,000 school bags and 12,000 student kits reached emergency-affected children in 2010 and 2011.
As cluster lead in the critical areas of Education, WASH and Nutrition, and sub-cluster lead in Child Protection, UNICEF also ensured effective coordination, facilitation and technical support to all humanitarian partners and to the government.
UNICEF has also been instrumental in helping the government develop major child-related policies, plans and legislation, including the 2008 Child Act, which is a significant milestone towards protecting the rights of children in South Sudan. UNICEF has supported the release and reintegration of more than 3,500 children who had been associated with armed forces or groups. More than 50,000 children and young people affected by armed conflict have received protection services, including psychosocial support, in 2010 and 2011. In addition, more than 275,000 key actors in child protection in the national and state governments, UN agencies, international and national NGOs, community-based organizations, faith-based organizations and communities have received information and education on how best to protect children from landmines, violence, abuse and exploitation.