Consultant Social Protection, Juba
The Republic of South Sudan (RSS) was established on 9 July, 2011 after more than five decades of near continuous war that displaced about 4 million people, disrupted socio-economic services and systems, and imposed a heavy toll on the survival and well-being of South Sudanese, especially the children. As a result of decades of conflict, displacement, and destruction, the new Country is faced with a number of challenges. The major portion of population (over 18 million), is still very young (with 16% under 5, 32% under 10, 51% under 18 and 72% under 30 years of age). Poverty is wide spread in the country and over half of the population (51%) lives below the national poverty line with the share being significantly lower in urban areas (24.4%) compared to rural areas (55.4%), where nearly 83% population lives in rural areas. Regional disparities in the levels of poverty are also stark. The incidence of income poverty ranges from as low as one quarter of the population in Upper Nile state to three quarters of the population in the Northern Bahr el Ghazal. While the national poverty gap stands at 24%, the level amongst the poor is double (47%). This suggests that half of the poor people in South Sudan could be chronically poor depending on how long there has been a high poverty gap level amongst the poor. Further, the infant mortality rate is 102 per 1,000 live births. The under-5 mortality rate is 135 per 1,000 live births and the maternal mortality rate is high and persistent 2,054 per 100,000 live births.
Although the 2010 Household and Health Survey showed considerable improvements in the situation of children during the period 2006-2010, women and children-related indicators are still among the worst in the world. State structures have only just been established, and delivery systems across all sectors are either absent or dysfunctional. Only 40% of the population has access to healthcare (up from 13% in 2011) while 70% of health facilities rely on Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) for operational support. Primary school attendance is low with gross and net attendance rates of only 65% and 40% respectively. Immunization coverage for children is very low with only 5.8% of children being fully immunized, while access to safe water and sanitation stands at only 6% and 14% respectively. Gender and regional disparities are also significantly pronounced in access to basic social services. In education, gender parity in primary education is at 0.7 and even lower for secondary education (0.4). Half of all children do not attend school.
As a country in its infant stages of statehood and development, the RSS faces both significant opportunities and enormous challenges in the process of shaping its future. On the opportunity side, the country can now refocus the energies of her people, under their newly gained freedom and liberty, to building and utilizing the full range of its capital assets – human, natural, physical and social. Coupled with these opportunities are the challenges of entrenching the rule of law, building service delivery systems, improving food security, equitably reducing community conflict across the country and unleashing the potential of the female half of its population.
An overriding concern for South Sudan’s development prospects is the large scale of poverty and extremely high level of vulnerability that its population currently faces. These conditions are obviously compounded by the fact that government structures and institutions are still at the infant stages of their formation – a factor that makes it very challenging for the development process of the country to be left to unfold at its own pace. These striking features demonstrate the acute need for South Sudan to evolve an integrated national social protection system.
The South Sudan Development Plan (SSDP) includes a Social and Human Development Pillar (pillar 4). Its objective is to progressively accelerate universal access to basic social services aiming at building human capabilities and upholding the dignity of all people in this very new Republic. It also outlines interventions planned in the sectors of health, education, social protection, sports and culture. As an entry point to the social protection sector the main intervention is the Child Benefit Cash Transfer Programme (CBCTP). It is seen as a core component that intents to progressively reduce risk, vulnerability, poverty and economic as well as social exclusion nationally. In addition, it will include family and community based social services and livelihood opportunities for at-risk groups, social welfare services for people with special needs and a national early warning system to predict potential disasters.
The current capacity of the Ministry of Gender, Child and Social Welfare (MoGCSW) is already stretched due to limited number of technical staff, whereas with the increasing demands and to keep momentum for operationalizing Social Protection Systems in the Country, it requires immediate technical assistance. This position is expected to provide the backstopping support not only to MoGCSW but also to the Technical Working Group (TWG) to ensure the continuity and timely completion of critical work required under Social Protection.
In order to advance the agenda of Government on social policy dialogues and enhance social protection programming in the country, the technical assistance/ consultant is to undertake the following tasks in close consultation and coordination with the MoGCSW:
The technical assistance/ consultant is expected to provide a detailed implementation plan (during the first two weeks of the assignment) covering the following comprehensive and analytical reports:
The Consultant will be supervised by Chief, Policy Advocacy and Social Protection, UNICEF South Sudan Country Office. S/he will provide updates to the Section, together with a schedule/ plan and frequency as shall be agreed with the Supervisor.
Expected background (Qualifications & Experience)
Policy both parties should be aware of:
➢ No contract may commence unless the contract is signed by both UNICEF and the consultant.