UNICEF in Action
Governance and Policy support: UNICEF is a key actor in the water sector (urban and rural) in Somalia. Taking the lead on the Partnership forum on Water at the May 2012 Istanbul Conference on Somalia, UNICEF put a strong focus on supporting government and fostering private sector participation. Since 2006 UNICEF has worked to strengthen public-private partnerships for sustainable water service delivery for the urban centers in Somaliland and Puntland. UNICEF continues to support the development and finalization of Sanitation Policies for Somaliland and Puntland.
Combatting Diarrheal Diseases: Outbreaks of Acute Watery Diarrhoeal (AWD) were confirmed in 2011, but excess child morbidity and mortality were not seen, even in crowded and unhygienic conditions in Mogadishu. This can be attributed in part to the efforts of UNICEF partners in disinfecting water sources, distributing WASH items (including soap, jerry cans, and household water treatment) and carrying out hygiene and cholera prevention education.
Building resilience: Supporting communities’ ability to cope and respond to emergencies is a key UNICEF strategy in the WASH programme. Strengthening the sustainability of WASH infrastructure and services means that in times of crisis communities can continue to access essential water and sanitation services and that there are mechanisms in place to guide local governments to manage the emergency. UNICEF and its partners work with local authorities on contingency planning and train local water operators on chlorination and on the operation and maintenance of newly constructed or rehabilitated water supplies. We are also investing in systems powered by renewable energy such as solar powered pumps.
Setting standards for water and sanitation infrastructure: To strengthen the design and construction quality of water and sanitation facilities, UNICEF and its partners have developed standard designs and bills of quantity for all typical water infrastructures throughout Somalia. Standard designs streamline planning processes and works towards ensuring quality construction of WASH facilities.
Hygiene promotion: In 2011, an estimated 1.5 million people were reached with messages on hygiene and sanitation behaviour during Global Handwashing Day. Since January 2012 an estimated 800,000 people have been reached through direct and mass hygiene promotion activities such as one-on-one education, community discussions, radio announcements and SMS messaging. Hygiene related supplies have benefitted over 200,000 people.