While famine conditions no longer exist in Somalia – the country remains the world’s most complex humanitarian disaster. Almost a third of the Somali people are in crisis meaning they are unable to meet their essential food and non-food needs.
The quality of diet, infant feeding practices, poor access to health services, and inadequate home management practice (keeping food in safe, sterile conditions, the proper storage of water, etc.) contribute to the poor nutritional status of children.
Variations exist between different areas and population groups, with the youngest children, IDPs and those in the central and southern areas being the worst affected.
Iron-deficiency anaemia and vitamin A deficiency - are serious health issues facing the population. Just over 49% of women are anaemic in Somalia which affects their mental and physical productivity and especially their ability to bear healthy children. In addition, sub-clinical vitamin A deficiency is most likely a contributing factor in morbidity (frequent sicknesses within families and disease) and mortality (death).
Learning, Training, and Development
UNICEF is committed to working with the nutrition sector in Somalia to ensure that there is sustained capacity in-country to implement and manage diverse nutrition programs. With a multitude of partners, high staff turnover, and inaccessibility concerns, creating a culture of learning and development within the sector is critical.