Child and Maternal Health
The child and maternal mortality rates for Somalia are amongst the highest in the world; one out of every ten Somali children dies before seeing their first birthday. While comprehensive information is not available, it is believed that leading causes of infant and child mortality are illnesses such as pneumonia (24 per cent), diarrhoea (19 per cent), and measles (12 per cent), as well as neonatal disorders (17 per cent).
One out of every 12 women dies due to pregnancy related causes. Access to maternal services is low with only 9% of births being attended by a skilled birth attendants. Modern contraceptive rate is around 1% only. The high fertility rate in Somalia puts the women at a high risk of mortality and morbidities around child birth especially with the low access to basic health services including family planning.
Somalia is also drought prone and faces extreme food insecurity, which is exacerbated by poor healthcare lack of access to safe drinking water and safe sanitation facilities.