|© UNICEF/NYHQ2007-2757crop/Claudio Versiani|
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Social protection is an important tool for advancing inclusive and equitable outcomes. Social dimensions of vulnerability such as gender, ethnicity, HIV status, geographic location, and disability status fundamentally shape people’s exposure to risk and their resilience. Therefore, they can be barriers to accessing essential social services and secure livelihoods. In order to ensure that social protection programmes are responsive and sensitive to the needs of all children, UNICEF considers inclusive social protection to be one of its key principles.
Inclusive social protection is responsive to different dimensions of exclusion while addressing the shared causes of exclusion across different groups: discrimination and stigma; traditional social norms preventing use of services; limited assets and visibility, etc.
This chapter reviews some of the underlying causes of exclusion for many groups, and examines in detail three specific dimensions of exclusion: gender, disability and ethnicity. In addition, it provides examples of social protection instruments that specifically address exclusion and discrimination when individuals try to access services and secure an adequate standard of living. Finally, it provides general guidance on how to mainstream social inclusion into the design and implementation of programmes.
Key areas covered in this chapter:
• Dimensions of exclusion
• Social protection instruments to tackle social exclusion
• Reaching the most vulnerable: Inclusive design
Evidence on the Impacts of Social Protection on Child Outcomes (Annex B)