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UNICEF promotes the development and strengthening of integrated social protection systems as a highly effective approach for addressing the multiple and compounding vulnerabilities faced by children and their families. This chapter discusses integrated social protection systems, focusing on two key components that are required for their effective functioning: a systems approach and a multi-sector approach.
A systems approach highlights the different structures and mechanisms that enable social protection to address multiple vulnerabilities in an integrated manner. This chapter describes this approach and discusses some of its key elements: vulnerability assessments for the selection of the most appropriate design; institutional frameworks and mechanisms for facilitating vertical and horizontal integration; monitoring and evaluation systems; and participation and accountability structures.
This chapter also explains the multi-sector approach, providing examples of the actual and potential linkages between social protection and outcomes in different sectors: education, health, nutrition, early childhood development, water and sanitation, child protection and HIV/AIDS. A discussion on examples of existing evidence on impacts is also included.
Key areas covered in this chapter:
• A systems approach: Key structures and mechanisms
• A multi-sector approach: Social protection as a tool for enhancing sector outcomes
Common Ground: UNICEF and World Bank Approaches to Building Social Protection Systems
Evidence on the Impacts of Social Protection on Child Outcomes (Annex B)