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Acknowledging the need for a broader set of social protection instruments to address both economic and social vulnerabilities to poverty and exclusion, UNICEF supports four key social protection components:
- Social transfers
- Programmes to ensure access to services
- Social support and care services
- Legislation and policy reform to ensure equity and non-discrimination
This chapter reviews this (non-exhaustive) set of social protection components, provides examples, and details how each one helps strengthen economic resilience and reduce social vulnerabilities. In addition, the chapter presents UNICEF’s policy position on current design debates and/or challenges, including conditionality, benefit structure and size, graduation and exit strategies.
Key areas covered in this chapter:
• Social transfers
• Programmes to ensure access to services
• Social support and care services
• Legislation and policies to ensure equity and non-discrimination in access to services and employment/livelihoods
Evidence on the Impacts of Social Protection on Child Outcomes (Annex B)