The purpose of this Background Note is to provide a reference for the key issues that will be discussed at the DGD. This will include addressing the main lines of concern mentioned in the Committee‟s Outline for Participants in the 2012 CRC DGD12 under two major topics: 1) international legal framework on the rights of children in the context of international migration; and 2) measures to implement the rights of children in international migration situations at the national level. The Note focuses on: the international movement of children, including children migrating with their parents, legal guardians or other caregivers; unaccompanied and separated children; children left behind in countries of origin; and children born to migrant parents in destination countries. It does not address children in the context of internal migration, nor children who qualify as internally displaced persons (IDPs) or refugees. The scope of the Note is on the “rights of the child” as per article 1 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC).