UNICEF Social Inclusion, Policy and Budgeting

Information and Communication Technologies and Migration

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AUTHOR Jean-Yves Hamel
ORGANIZATION UNDP
TYPE Thematic Report
DATE 2009
TOPIC Migration
LANGUAGE English
ABSTRACT

Surveying existing literature, this paper starts by identifying links between attainments in human development and the presence of ICTs. The research then looks at instances where ICTs affect the opportunity for migration and how they affect its outcomes. We will see how migrants are making use of ICTs and the importance that these technologies have come to occupy in their life. Attempting to illustrate both positive and negative implications of the roles of ICTs in human mobility, this paper surveys research that demonstrates how ICTs are used in both regular and irregular migration, in maintaining family relations, in sustaining cultural identities, and in supporting a family from abroad. We will see that ICTs have not replaced older forms of communications. Throughout the text, this paper also inlcudes the roles of governments and civil society in working to increase access and use of ICTs while also making mention of instances where they actively pursue the opposite. As we will see, the skills necessary for use of ICTs and the infrastructure necessary for their access can be found in all countries of the world, albiet in unequal distribution.


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