UNICEF Social Inclusion, Policy and Budgeting

Social Protection for the Poorest in Africa: Learning from Experience

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AUTHOR Dr. Sonya M. Sultan and Tamar T. Schrofer
ORGANIZATION Department for International Development
TYPE Meeting Notes
DATE 2008
TOPIC Child-sensitive social protection
LANGUAGE English
ABSTRACT

In the last few years, Ghana has launched a number of social protection programmes, such as the National Health Insurance Scheme, the school feeding programme, and now the Livelihoods Empowerment Against Poverty social grants programme. It has also developed a National Social Protection Strategy meant to provide an overarching policy framework to ensure coordination and complementarity between all these programmes. This paper will examine the context in which these programmes were designed and launched, and how sufficient political support was generated to ensure financing of these programmes through the government budget. In particular, the paper will examine how support has been generated for a social grant targeted at the extreme poor, despite initial resistance to poverty targeting, and broader resistance to what was seen as "free cash for the poor" by many. It will also examine how different players have influenced the policy debate on social protection.          


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