|AUTHOR||Jay Chaubey, Neff Walker and Ali Alichi|
|TOPIC||Child poverty and disparities|
This paper studies under five mortality rate trends and their determinants in highly indebted poor countries. We first determine how successful these countries have been in improving child survival in recent years. Thereafter, we analyze how the international community can revisit its aid structure to enable the poor countries to reduce child mortality. Our analysis offers the option of setting three types of requirements which can be attached to aid delivery. The first is simply the country’s performance in child survival as one of the requirements to receive aid. The second category of requirements may include certain social expenditures such as health and education which positively impact child survival. The third set of requirements may include the coverage of some key basic social services that are known to improve child survival, such as neonatal care and vaccination.