This review of academic and policy literature deals with the social impacts of remittances in developing countries combined with information from the country reports from four UNICEF field offices (Ecuador, Mexico, the Philippines and Syria). There is a lack of research on the impacts of remittances on children and children’s rights, and the available studies that do exist rely on qualitative research, mostly through case studies, which makes it difficult to draw definite conclusions. This paper found that migration and remittances are closely linked and that field reports and several anthropological case-studies signal a range of negative effects from migration on children and adolescents, although the data is not sufficient to draw conclusions. The results regarding gender equality and remittances are ambiguous. Because of these gaps, the paper calls for future research focusing on gathering empirical data on the social impact of remittances.