The cause of most of Romania’s HIV/AIDS infections – nosocomial (in hospital) transmission of children between 1986 and 1991 – means that the majority of people living with HIV infection are in their late teens and early twenties. Now of an age to be sexually active, without proper advice and treatment there is an increased risk that infection rates could raise rapidly.Around 7,000 Romanians are long-term survivors of the condition, due to the excellent response of the health sector. However, while Romania has succeeded in ensuring those living with HIV/AIDS get appropriate medication, according to NGOs representing such individuals in 2010, financial pressures threaten to interrupt this vital treatment.
Other priorities are integrating people with HIV/AIDS into society and the work force. Despite anti-discrimination legislation and education campaigns for the public, discrimination is still widespread. As many people with the conditionsuffered from exclusion in school and their communities, they are often poorly prepared for the world of work.