The AIDS pandemic
The AIDS Pandemic and Universal Access to Care
Children also suffer the consequences when they are orphaned ,when one or both their parents have died as a result of AIDS. About 18 million boys and girls have been orphaned because of the disease, and they live with the daily threats of an environment that does not offer them protection. Without the protection of their parents, they have had to deal with situations like poverty, separation from their siblings, lack of birth registration, low or no access to health and education services, as well as abusive situations and labour and sexual exploitation from a very early age.
In 2005 the UNAIDS Programme Coordinating Committee, made up of member states, the United Nations co-sponsor organisations and civil society, approved a policy document that set out to intensify HIV prevention with the goal of achieving universal access to the prevention, treatment, and care for HIV.
(1) Prevalence. In epidemiology, the proportion of people who suffer from a disease in relation to the total population.
The first national consultation for universal access was held in the Dominican Republic in February 2006. The consensus on the part of government, non-governmental, and international development organisations was the need for a National Strategic Plan to guide the fight against AIDS for the 2005-2010 period. The fight against discrimination requires improved diffusion of Law 55-93, and the installation of mechanisms for its fulfilment.
The Road to Universal Access
In 2005, the G-8 and United Nations member states committed themselves to: "the Global Initiative progresses towards universal access, which comprises drawing up and implementing a package of prevention, care and treatment measures in the countries for 2010 for all people who need it, including an increase in resources..."