Childhood in the Dominican Republic
One of the most serious problems affecting the population of Dominican boys, girls, and adolescents is the level of poverty. Over 55% of the population between 0 and 2 years of age and 49% of those aged between 13 and 18 are poor. (ECLAC 2005)
From the perspective of the main rights granted by the Convention on the Rights of the Child, Dominican children even if they have access to education services, these are mainly geared to the population between 6 and 18 years or age whereas there is a deficit for the very important first years of life.
As regards health the situation is reversed coverage for children under 12 is greater and better than for adolescents, for whom services are scarce and sometimes lack the perspective of prevention and education.
The issued of registration at birth, the right of every person to have a name and a nationality, to have an identity is felt among the whole Dominican population. The percentage of chi8ldren without birth registration is higher among children under five years of age (22%) than among the 10 to 14 year age group (6.1%) (ENDESA 2002)
The under 18 population does not live divorced from the general situation of poverty, inequity, violence and insecurity, as was stated in the National Survey concerning the Rights of the Child (2002).
In this section you will find a brief description of the situation of Dominican boys, girls and adolescents, seen from the perspective of three important stages in the life cycle: early childhood (0-6 years), boys and girls of school-going age (6-14 years) and adolescents (12 to 18 years).
For each one of these stages you will find basic information about the situation of Dominican children how the State and UNICEF-Santo Domingo respond to their needs, as well as links to case studies describing the personal experiences of this population.