Regular Resources in 2014
Allocation of Regular Resources
Regular Resources (RR) are the most flexible contribution for UNICEF and crucial for the organization to be able to fund its Strategic Plan. As non-earmarked funds, these can be most strategically employed. Regular Resources are the foundation on which UNICEF builds programmes that transform the lives of children, with a focus on those who are most in need. They are not predestined to any specific programme or activity, and can consequently be shifted towards areas of growing priority or to fill gaps as required. Steady and predictable RR funding allows UNICEF to react quickly to new challenges through surges in emergency response, as well as to provide seed capital with which to develop innovative approaches and leverage resources in delivering programmes.
In 2014, UNICEF partners contributed an unprecedented $5.2 billion in voluntary contributions and other revenue, of which RR represented $1.3 billion. RR constituted just over one-fourth of total revenue, compared to 50 per cent at the turn of the new millennium. Governments contributed $660 million in RR; National Committees, NGOs and other private sources provided $572 million; and other sources contributed an additional $94 million.
The 2014 Report on Regular Resources
The 2014 Report on Regular Resources analyzes RR revenue and expenses, and includes 9 case studies that illustrate the organization's work across its seven outcome areas as well as gender and humanitarian action. In 2014, $860.2 million in Regular Resources supported Direct Programme Assistance at the country and regional level; out of this $708.1 million (82 per cent) was designated for countries with UNICEF programmes of cooperation that were selected based on the Executive Board-approved needs-based criteria of under-five mortality rate, child population, and gross income per capita.
Examples of Results where RR played a key role in 2014
Outcome Area 1 - HEALTH
• 35 of 59 target countries have eliminated maternal and neonatal tetanus.
• UNICEF procured 2.71 billion doses of vaccines for 100 countries, reaching 40 per cent of the world’s children.
• Support for measles elimination and rubella control in 15 countries covered more than 160 million children.
• In Malawi, with support from UNICEF, the government is training community health workers – called Health Surveillance Assistants – to treat women and children in homes or village clinics, resulting in record declines in under-five mortality. Deaths per 1,000 live births dropped from 245 in 1990 to 68 in 2013.
• The biggest polio success story in 2014 was in Nigeria, where the number of cases fell from 53 in 2013 to six in 2014.
Outcome Area 2 - HIV and AIDS
• 26 of 38 priority countries have national HIV/AIDS strategies that include proven high-impact, evidence-based interventions focused on adolescents.
• In partnership with the Global Fund, UNFPA, the Department of Health, and others, UNICEF Myanmar scaled-up so called prevention of parent to child transmission services to 84.5 per cent of the country – representing 279 of the country’s 330 townships as well as 38 hospitals – and committed to eliminate HIV in all newborns.
• In Chad, the Monitoring Results for Equity System (MoRES) led to better geographical targeting and coverage of services for prevention of mother-to child transmission of HIV from 33 to 75 per cent between 2012 and 2014.
Outcome Area 3 - WATER, SANITATION and HYGIENE
• 13.8 million people gained access to improved drinking water, and more than 11.3 million to adequate sanitation in non-emergency settings.
• More than 19,000 communities – home to 9.3 million people – were certified as free of open defecation.
• Over 10,500 schools received new or upgraded WASH facilities, including potable water points, hand-washing facilities, and separate latrines for girls and boys.
• 53 countries now have a national health strategy that includes community-based behavioural change programmes to promote hand-washing.
• 75 countries have established targets for providing access to safe drinking water to their remaining unserved populations.
• About 18 million people in humanitarian situations received access to safe water, 4.4 million were provided with adequate sanitation facilities, and 13 million practiced appropriate hand-washing.
Outcome Area 4 - NUTRITION
• 27 of 98 countries with recent data (2008–2014) maintained an exclusive breastfeeding rate of 50 per cent or more (for the first six months of a child’s life) over the last five years, and 13 registered an increase of at least 10 per cent.
• 73 countries reported having legislation or a regulation on the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes and a designated body to carry out monitoring, up from 49 countries in 2013.
• Almost 1.5 million caregivers received training in early childhood stimulation and development as part of UNICEF’s Infant and Young Child Feeding in Humanitarian Situations initiative.
• 54 countries have joined the UNICEF-supported Scaling-Up Nutrition movement (13 of them since
2013), founded on the principle that all people have a right to good nutrition.
• With UNICEF support, 75 countries are providing lifesaving ready-to-use therapeutic food and essential drugs as part of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) management services.
Outcome Area 5 - EDUCATION
• 144 countries are piloting or scaling-up innovative approaches to improve access to education and learning outcomes for the most disadvantaged and excluded children, up from 132 in 2013.
• 89 countries have implemented quality standards consistent with UNICEF’s child-friendly approach, up from 79 in 2013.
• 8.6 million children in humanitarian situations accessed formal or non-formal basic education, a formidable increase from 3.6 million in 2013.
• In Syria, under UNICEF’s Back to Learning initiative, the organization provided Early Childhood Development Kits to 38,100 pre-school children in 14 governorates.
• In Nigeria, UNICEF supported the increase of new community-based education and childcare centers from 25 in 2013 to 103 in 2014, with enrolment reaching nearly 12,300.
• In Bangladesh, UNICEF’s support to life skills-based education through the Ministry of Education benefitted all 8 million secondary school students.
Outcome Area 6 - CHILD PROTECTION
• More than 100 countries provide free and universal birth registration services, and the global birth registration rate has increased from 58 to 65 per cent over the last 10 years.
• 4.5 million children aged 5–17 involved in child labour were reached with education and child protection interventions.
• By end-2014 corporal punishment in the home had been prohibited in 44 countries, compared with 34 in 2013.
• More than 33,000 unaccompanied and separated children in 22 crisis-affected countries were placed in alternative care, and almost 12,000 were reunited with their families or caregivers.
• 10,200 children associated with armed forces and groups were released, and the great majority were reintegrated with their communities or received appropriate care and services.
Outcome Area 7 - SOCIAL INCLUSION
• 103 UNICEF country offices worked with partners to increase the focus of public investment on the most disadvantaged children.
• 40 countries reported having a policy and/or budgetary framework to address child poverty and disparities, and UNICEF assessed 15 of these as being sufficiently child-sensitive and adequately resourced.
• 101 countries integrated the recommendations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child into domestic legislation, up from 74 in 2013.
• 92 countries are taking adequate measures to have children and adolescents participate in development planning at the local, subnational, or national level.
• In Peru, UNICEF helped leverage more than $80 million from public resources to improve access to and the quality of health care, nutrition, and education programmes.
• More than 430,000 girls and women in humanitarian situations received support for gender-based violence.
• 1.7 million girls and women affected by humanitarian crises were provided with menstrual hygiene management materials.
• Advocacy by UNICEF and other partners contributed to the passage of the Marriage, Divorce, and Family Relations bill in Malawi, increasing the minimum marriage age without parental consent to 18 and outlawing child marriage in a country where half of all girls are married by their 18th birthday.
• UNICEF’s co-leadership of the 2014 Girl Summit played a key role in gaining commitments to prohibit child marriage in such high-prevalence countries as Bangladesh, Nepal, and Niger – members of the 12-country global programme to end child marriage co-led by UNICEF and UNFPA.
• UNICEF worked with partners to develop appropriate indicators for all four targeted gender priorities currently being considered for the post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals: ending child marriage, promoting gender-sensitive adolescent health, advancing girls’ secondary education, and addressing gender-based violence in emergencies.
• UNICEF responded to 294 humanitarian situations of varying degrees of emergency in 98 countries.
• 19,800 HIV-positive pregnant women continued to receive antiretroviral therapy.
• 22 million children aged 6 months to 15 years were vaccinated against measles.
• 2.3 million children aged 6–59 months were treated for severe acute malnutrition, including approximately 96,000 in Afghanistan, 143,700 in Somalia, and 93,000 in South Sudan.
• UNICEF mobilized more than 50,000 community volunteers, health workers, teachers, religious leaders, and young people to address key drivers of Ebola transmission by promoting safe behaviours in response to the crisis in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone.
• In Yemen, 1,274 separated or unaccompanied children were reunited with families or caregivers.
Case Study - HUMANITARIAN ACTION South Sudan
In 2014, the lives of children in South Sudan were shaped by the grave consequences of the conflict which broke out in December 2013. By March 2014, 800,000 people were internally displaced. Regular Resources enabled UNICEF to immediately respond by bringing in the critical supplies and human resources while other funding was being mobilized. A Rapid Response Mechanism (RRM) carried out 34 missions in 2014, in the conflict-affected states of Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile, reaching 603,000 people including 127,000 children under five. The RRM is an example of equity in humanitarian action, supporting particularly disadvantaged groups in areas which are hard to reach, contested or under opposition control.
• 128,000 children under 15 vaccinated against measles and 98,500 against polio
• 78,000 children under five screened for malnutrition and 2,800 severe acute malnutrition cases admitted
• 253,600 people received water, sanitation and hygiene supplies, and 72,700 people accessed safe drinking water
• 2,900 unaccompanied, separated and missing children registered and tracing commenced, and 3,300 children reached critical child protection services
• 30,000 children benefited from access to education
Allocation of Regular Resources to programme countries
The actual RR allocations to countries are published annually and can be accessed online:
The latest report to the Executive Board on the implementation of the modified system for allocation of RR is the one shared with the ExBd in September 2012: http://www.unicef.org/about/execboard/files/2012-19-RR_modified_system-ODS-English.pdf
The Decision 2012/15 on the above paper is as below:
The Executive Board 1. Takes note of the report on implementation of the modified system for allocation of regular resources for programmes, as contained in document E/ICEF/2012/19; 2. Requests that progress and developments in the implementation of the regular resource allocation system and its implication for UNICEF cooperation with programme countries continue to be monitored and reviewed, and further requests UNICEF to update the Executive Board on its implementation as part of the consultations on the next MTSP 2014-2017.