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PROGRESS FOR CHILDREN: A WORLD FIT FOR CHILDREN STATISTICAL REVIEW View Previous Editions>

ONLY SEVEN COUNTRIES PROVIDED ANTIRETROVIRAL PROPHYLAXIS FOR PMTCT TO MORE THAN 40 PER CENT OF HIV-INFECTED PREGNANT WOMEN IN 2005

Preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV and providing paediatric HIV treatment

Preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV and providing paediatric HIV treatment

Preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT)

World Fit for Children indicator: Percentage of HIV-infected pregnant women who received antiretroviral therapy to reduce the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV

In 2005, an estimated 2.1 million pregnant women were living with HIV. More than 90 per cent of HIV infections in infants and children are passed on by the mother during pregnancy, labour, delivery or breastfeeding. Only 11 per cent of women who are infected with HIV in low- and middle-income countries are estimated to have access to antiretroviral prophylaxis to reduce the risk of transmitting the virus to their infants.

ONLY ABOUT 1 IN 10 HIV-INFECTED PREGNANT WOMEN IN LOW AND MIDDLE-INCOME COUNTRIES RECEIVED ANTIRETROVIRAL PROPHYLAXIS FOR PMTCT

Percentage of HIV-infected pregnant women who received antiretroviral prophylaxis for PMTCT, by region (2005)

 

 

 

 

ACCESS TO ANTIRETROVIRAL TREATMENT FOR CHILDREN IS INCREASING IN MUCH OF THE WORLD

Percentage of children under 15 in need of antiretroviral treatment who are receiving it, by region (2006)

Providing paediatric treatment

World Fit for Children indicator: Percentage of children 0–14 years old with advanced HIV infection receiving antiretroviral therapy

An estimated 2.3 million children were living with HIV in 2006. Without treatment, 50 per cent of infants who are infected will die before age two. In 2006, an estimated 380,000 children died of largely preventable AIDS-related causes; only about 15 per cent of children in need received antiretroviral treatment.

 

IN NINE COUNTRIES, MORE THAN ONE THIRD OF CHILDREN IN NEED OF ANTIRETROVIRAL TREATMENT RECEIVED IT IN 2006

 

Source for figures on this page: UNICEF/WHO, Report Card on PMTCT and Paediatric HIV Care, 2006; WHO, UNICEF and UNAIDS, Towards Universal Access: Scaling up priority HIV/AIDS interventions in the health sector, Progress report, April 2007.