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HIV prevention

HIV prevention

MDG indicators: Percentage of young people aged 15–24 with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV; percentage of young people aged 15–24 using a condom at last higher-risk sexual activity

Many young people are not aware of their vulnerability to HIV or do not understand the best ways to prevent becoming infected. Among 15- to 24-year-olds living in low- and middle-income countries, only 24 per cent have comprehensive and correct knowledge of HIV – far short of targets of 90 per cent by 2005 and 95 per cent by 2010. In 9 of 78 countries reporting these data, at least 50 per cent of young men or women have comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV. Many people in this age group engage in unsafe behaviour. Condom use during higher-risk sex is increasing but still very low, ranging from 31 per cent among young women to 47 per cent among young men in sub-Saharan Africa, for example.

 

CONDOM USE DURING HIGHER-RISK SEXUAL ACTIVITY

Number of low- and middle-income countries reporting percentages of condom use at last higher-risk sexual activity among young men and women (2000-2006)

 

ONLY NINE COUNTRIES IN THE DEVELOPING WORLD HAVE HIV KNOWLEDGE LEVELS OF 50 PER CENT OR MORE

Percentage of men and women aged 15-24 with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV, in 78 low- and middle-income countries (2000-2006)

Note: Comprehensive knowledge is defined as correctly identifying the two major ways of preventing sexual transmission of HIV (using
condoms and limiting sex to one faithful, uninfected partner), rejecting the two most common local misconceptions about HIV transmission
and knowing that a healthy-looking person can transmit HIV.

FEW COUNTRIES HAVE HIV KNOWLEDGE LEVELS OF 50 PER CENT OR MORE

Yet, comprehensive correct knowledge has increased significantly among young women in 17 countries and young men in 5 countries
Percentage of young people with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV, in countries where such knowledge has increased by at least 10 percentage points (2000-2006)

Note: In countries marked with an asterisk (*), data for 2000–2002 refer to years earlier than those specified in the key.

 

CONDOM USE DURING HIGHER-RISK SEXUAL ACTIVITY IS SLOWLY INCREASING

Use increased significantly among young women in 7 countries and young men in 9 countries
Percentage of young people using condoms at last higher-risk sexual activity, in countries where such condom use increased by at least 10 percentage points (2000-2006)

Note: In countries marked with an asterisk (*), data for 2000–2002 refer to years earlier than those specified in the key.