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PROGRESS FOR CHILDREN: A WORLD FIT FOR CHILDREN STATISTICAL REVIEW View Previous Editions>

PNEUMONIA KILLS MORE CHILDREN WORLDWIDE THAN ANY OTHER SINGLE CAUSE

Percentage of under-five deaths due to pneumonia and neonatal severe infections, by region (2000-2003)

Pneumonia

Pneumonia

World Fit for Children target: Reduce by one third deaths due to acute respiratory infections

Pneumonia kills more children than any other illness – more than AIDS, malaria and measles combined. Around 2 million children under five die from the disease each year – around one in five child deaths globally. In addition, up to 1 million more infants perish from severe infections, including pneumonia, during the neonatal period.

Preventing childhood pneumonia is critical to the MDG target of reducing child deaths. However, only about one in four caregivers knows the two key symptoms of pneumonia – fast breathing and difficult breathing –  that indicate that a child should be treated immediately. More than half of under-fives with suspected pneumonia in the developing world are taken to appropriate health providers, but this proportion has increased little since 2000.

ANTIBIOTIC USE FOR PNEUMONIA: NEW DATA AVAILABLE

Percentage of children under five with suspected pneumonia who receive antibiotics in 36 countries (2005-2006)

MORE THAN HALF OF ALL CHILDREN WITH PNEUMONIA ARE TAKEN TO APPROPRIATE HEALTH PROVIDER

Percentage of children under five with suspected pneumonia who are taken to an appropriate health provider, by region (2000-2006)

 

Source for figures on this page: UNICEF global databases, 2007. Antibiotic use: Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) and Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) in 36 countries, 2005–2006. Cause of death: Child Health Epidemiology Reference Group (CHERG), with additional analysis by UNICEF.