TRENDS IN CHILD MORTALITY
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births), by region (1960–2005)
In 2006, for the first time since records have been kept, the number of children dying before their fifth birthday fell below 10 million, to 9.7 million. This milestone follows a long-term decline in the global under-five mortality rate since 1960.
However, many countries still have high levels of child mortality, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, and in recent years have made little or no progress in reducing the number of child deaths. Global progress is insufficient to achieve MDG 4.
An analysis of background characteristics in 63 developing countries indicates that child mortality is considerably higher among children living in rural areas and in the poorest households.
The benefits of reaching MDG 4 are enormous. If the goal is achieved, the deaths of 5.4 million children under five will be averted in the year 2015 alone (as compared to the situation in 2006). But if current trends continue and the goal is not achieved, an additional 4.3 million child deaths could occur in 2015 alone.
CHILD MORTALITY DECLINED BETWEEN 1990 AND 2006
Trends in the under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births), by region (1990 and 2006)
9.7 MILLION CHILDREN DIED IN 2006 BEFORE THEY REACHED THEIR FIFTH BIRTHDAY
Estimated number of under-five deaths, by region (2006)
PROGRESS TOWARDS MDG 4 NEEDS TO ACCELERATE IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA AND SOUTH ASIA
Yet, many countries throughout the world are on track to reach the target
GLOBAL PROGRESS IN REDUCING CHILD MORTALITY IS INSUFFICIENT TO REACH MDG 4
Latin America/Caribbean, CEE/CIS and East Asia/Pacific have made the most progress
Average annual rate of reduction (AARR) in the under-five mortality rate (U5MR) observed for 1990–2006 and required during 2007–2015
MAJOR CAUSES OF CHILD MORTALITY
Global distribution of under-five deaths by cause (2000–2003)
CHILD MORTALITY IS HIGHER AMONG CHILDREN LIVING IN RURAL AREAS AND IN THE POOREST HOUSEHOLDS
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) by background characteristics (1998–2006)