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PROGRESS FOR CHILDREN: A WORLD FIT FOR CHILDREN STATISTICAL REVIEW View Previous Editions>

30 PRIORITY COUNTRIES REACH 80 PER CENT OF CHILDREN WITH TWO DOSES ANNUALLY

Vitamin A supplementation coverage levels: two doses (2005)

Vitamin A supplementation

Vitamin A supplementation

World Fit for Children target: Sustainable elimination of vitamin A deficiency by 2010

The progress on vitamin A supplementation has been outstanding. Coverage of children aged 6–59 months with at least one dose of vitamin A per year has increased by 50 per cent since 1999. Moreover, between 1999 and 2005, coverage with two doses per year increased more than fourfold and approaches 80 per cent in the least developed countries.

Vitamin A deficiency is the leading cause of preventable childhood blindness, and it increases a young child’s risk of mortality from common illnesses. Progress towards its elimination depends on vitamin A supplementation, and supplementation contributes towards achieving MDG 4 on child survival.

Progress has been achieved through a combination of dynamic advocacy and innovative strategies – including the combined delivery of high-impact health and nutrition interventions, which often use Child Health Days as a platform. Reaching the poorest children and children living in rural areas, who are most at risk of deficiency, remains the greatest challenge.

LEAST-DEVELOPED COUNTRIES LEAD THE WAY ON TWO-DOSE COVERAGE

81 million children in these countries were reached in 2005
Percentage of children (age 6–59 months) receiving two doses of vitamin A, by region (2005)

 


 

MORE THAN A FOURFOLD INCREASE IN THE PROPORTION OF CHILDREN FULLY PROTECTED WITH TWO DOSES OF VITAMIN A

Global trends in vitamin A supplementation coverage (1999–2005)

Source for figures on this page: UNICEF global databases, 2007.