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Target 2000

A summary of the year 2000 goals agreed to by almost all nations at the 1990 World Summit for Children.

  1. Reduction of infant and under-5 child mortality rates by one third of the 1990 levels, or to 50 and 70 per 1,000 live births respectively, whichever is less.
  2. Reduction of the 1990 maternal mortality rates by half.
  3. Reduction of severe and moderate malnutrition among under-5 children by half of the 1990 levels.
  4. Universal access to safe drinking water and to sanitary means of excreta disposal.
  5. Universal access to basic education and completion of primary education by at least 80% of primary school age children.
  6. Reduction of the adult illiteracy rate (the appropriate age group to be determined in each country) to no more than half its 1990 level, with emphasis on female literacy.
  7. Improved protection of children in especially difficult circumstances.

Total
population
Population
under 18
Annual
no. of
births
Annual
no. of
under-5
deaths
Under-5
mortality
rate
GNP
per capita
($)
% of
under-5
children
under-
weight
Net primary
school
enrollment/
attendancea/
(%)
Total
fertility
rate
Maternal mortality
ratiob/ 1980-97
(millions)
(thousands)
1997
1997
1997
1997
1997
1997
1987-98
1987-97
1997
Reported
Adjusted

Sub-Saharan Africa  

Angola
11.7
6.3
570
166
292
340
42
-
6.8
-
-
Benin
5.6
3.0
234
39
167
380
29
62
5.9
500
-
Botswana
1.5
0.8
52
3
49
3260
17
84
4.4
330
-
Burkina Faso
11.0
6.0
508
86
169
240
30
33 y
6.6
-
-
Burundi
6.4
3.4
270
48
176
180
37
52
6.3
-
-
Cameroon
13.9
7.0
550
80
145
650
14
65 y
5.3
-
-
Central African Rep.
3.4
1.7
129
22
173
320
27
63 y
4.9
1100
-
Chad
7.1
3.7
313
62
198
240
39
52
6.1
830
-
Congo
2.7
1.4
119
13
108
660
17
-
6.1
-
-
Congo, Dem. Rep.
48.0
25.9
2228
461
207
110
34
56 y
6.5
-
-
Côte d'Ivoire
14.1
7.2
525
79
150
690
24
55
5.2
600
-
Eritrea
3.4
1.7
141
16
116
210
44
31
5.7
1000
-
Ethiopia
58.2
30.4
2606
456
175
110
48
24
6.3
-
-
Gabon
1.1
0.5
43
6
145
4230
-
86 y
5.4
-
-
Gambia
1.2
0.6
48
4
87
350
26
65
5.2
-
-
Ghana
18.7
9.5
700
75
107
370
27
70 y
5.2
210
-
Guinea
7.3
3.8
305
61
201
570
-
33 y
5.6
670
-
Guinea-Bissau
1.1
0.6
47
10
220
240
-
47 y
5.8
910
910
Kenya
28.4
14.9
981
85
87
330
23
84 y
4.5
370
-
Lesotho
2.0
0.9
71
10
137
670
16
63
4.8
-
-
Liberia
2.4
1.4
109
26
235
490
-
56 y
6.4
-
-
Madagascar
14.6
7.3
598
94
158
250
40
59 y
5.5
490
-
Malawi
10.1
5.4
486
104
215
220
30
83 y
6.8
620
-
Mali
10.4
5.6
492
118
239
260
40
41 y
6.7
580
-
Mauritania
2.5
1.2
100
18
183
450
23
54 y
5.5
550
-
Mauritius
1.1
0.4
18
0
23
3800
16
98
1.9
30
-
Mozambique
18.4
9.4
803
168
209
90
26
50 y
6.3
1100
-
Namibia
1.6
0.8
58
4
75
2220
26
91
4.9
230
-
Niger
9.8
5.4
479
137
285
200
43
24
6.9
590
-
Nigeria
103.9
52.7
4056
758
187
260
36
59 y
5.2
-
-
Rwanda
6.0
3.2
274
47
170
210
27
61 y
6.2
-
-
Senegal
8.8
4.5
353
44
124
550
22
59
5.6
560
-
Sierra Leone
4.4
2.2
208
66
316
200
29
-
6.1
-
-
Somalia
8.8
4.8
469
99
211
110
-
17 y
7.3
-
-
South Africa
38.8
16.3
1056
87
82
3400
9
94
3.3
-
-
Tanzania
31.4
16.5
1295
185
143
210
27
48
5.5
530
-
Togo
4.3
2.3
179
22
125
330
19
81
6.1
-
-
Uganda
20.0
11.3
1026
141
137
320
26
64 y
7.1
510
-
Zambia
8.6
4.7
366
74
202
380
24
74 y
5.6
650
-
Zimbabwe
11.2
5.6
354
28
80
750
16
91 y
3.9
400
-

 

 
Total
population
Population
under 18
Annual
no. of
births
Annual
no. of
under-5
deaths
Under-5
mortality
rate
GNP
per capita
($)
% of
under-5
children
under-
weight
Net primary
school
enrollment/
attendancea/
(%)
Total
fertility
rate
Maternal mortality
ratiob/ 1980-97
(millions)
(thousands)
1997
1997
1997
1997
1997
1997
1987-98
1987-97
1997
Reported
Adjusted

Middle East and
North Africa
 

Algeria
29.4
13.3
866
34
39
1490
13
94
3.9
220
-
Egypt
64.7
28.3
1725
126
73
1180
15
80
3.4
170
170
Iran
64.6
30.6
1422
50
35
1780
16
97 y
2.9
37
-
Iraq
21.2
10.3
781
95
122
**
23
83 y
5.3
-
-
Israel
5.9
2.0
116
1
6
15810
-
-
2.7
5
-
Jordan
6.1
3.0
213
5
24
1570
9
89
4.9
41
41
Kuwait
1.7
0.8
40
1
13
22110
-
65
2.9
5
-
Lebanon
3.1
1.2
75
3
37
3350
3
76
2.7
100
-
Libya
5.2
2.5
152
4
25
5540
5
97
3.8
75
-
Morocco
26.9
11.0
699
50
72
1250
9
72
3.1
230
-
Oman
2.3
1.2
81
1
18
4950
23
90 y
5.9
21
-
Saudi Arabia
19.5
9.3
664
19
28
6790
-
61
4.6
-
-
Sudan
27.7
13.3
922
106
115
280
34
55 y
4.1
550
-
Syria
14.9
7.6
456
15
33
1150
13
91
4.1
110
-
Tunisia
9.2
3.6
190
6
33
2090
9
96
2.6
70
70
Turkey
63.4
23.0
1419
64
45
3130
10
96
2.5
130
-
U. Arab Emirates
2.3
0.8
42
0
10
17360
14
78
3.5
3
-
Yemen
16.3
8.8
785
79
100
270
39
57 y
7.6
-
-

 

 
Total
population
Population
under 18
Annual
no. of
births
Annual
no. of
under-5
deaths
Under-5
mortality
rate
GNP
per capita
($)
% of
under-5
children
under-
weight
Net primary
school
enrollment/
attendancea/
(%)
Total
fertility
rate
Maternal mortality
ratiob/ 1980-97
(millions)
(thousands)
1997
1997
1997
1997
1997
1997
1987-98
1987-97
1997
Reported
Adjusted

Central Asia  

Afghanistan
20.9
9.9
1076
277
257
250
48
24 y
6.9
-
-
Armenia
3.6
1.2
46
1
30
530
-
-
1.7
35
-
Azerbaijan
7.6
2.8
128
6
46
510
10
-
2.1
37
-
Georgia
5.1
1.4
71
2
23
840
-
83
1.9
60
-
Kazakhstan
16.4
5.7
303
13
44
1340
8
-
2.3
70
-
Kyrgyzstan
4.6
2.0
118
8
68
440
11
97
3.2
65
-
Tajikstan
5.9
2.8
190
14
76
330
-
-
4.2
85
-
Turkmenistan
4.2
1.9
122
10
78
630
-
80 y
3.6
110
-
Uzbekistan
23.2
10.5
654
38
58
1010
19
-
3.5
21
-

 
Total
population
Population
under 18
Annual
no. of
births
Annual
no. of
under-5
deaths
Under-5
mortality
rate
GNP
per capita
($)
% of
under-5
children
under-
weight
Net primary
school
enrollment/
attendancea/
(%)
Total
fertility
rate
Maternal mortality
ratiob/ 1980-97
(millions)
(thousands)
1997
1997
1997
1997
1997
1997
1987-98
1987-97
1997
Reported
Adjusted

East/South Asia
and Pacific
 

Australia
18.3
4.7
248
1
6
20540
-
97
1.8
-
-
Bangladesh
122.7
55.9
3403
371
109
270
56
76 y
3.1
440
-
Bhutan
1.9
1.0
74
9
121
400
38
-
5.5
380
-
Cambodia
10.5
5.0
365
61
167
300
52
97
4.6
470
-
China
1244.0
380.0
20410
959
47
860
16
100
1.8
60
60
India
966.2
392.7
24871
2686
108
390
53
79 y
3.2
440
-
Indonesia
203.4
77.8
4688
281
60
1110
34
94 y
2.6
450
-
Japan
126.0
24.0
1249
7
6
37850
-
100
1.4
8
-
Korea, Dem.
23.0
7.3
491
15
30
970
60
-
2.1
110
-
Korea, Rep.
45.7
12.6
685
4
6
10550
-
92
1.7
20
20
Lao PDR
5.0
2.5
200
24
122
400
40
71
5.8
650
-
Malaysia
21.0
8.7
530
6
11
4680
19
91
3.2
39
39
Mongolia
2.5
1.1
58
9
150
390
10
82
2.7
150
-
Myanmar
43.9
16.1
939
107
114
220
43
85 y
2.4
230
-
Nepal
22.3
10.9
775
81
104
210
47
70 y
4.5
540
-
New Zealand
3.8
1.0
57
0
7
16480
-
100
2.0
15
15
Pakistan
144.0
70.2
5263
716
136
490
38
66 y
5.1
-
-
Papua New Guinea
4.5
2.1
144
16
112
940
-
32 y
4.6
370
-
Philippines
71.4
31.6
2061
95
46
1220
28
100
3.7
210
-
Singapore
3.4
0.9
51
0
4
32940
-
94
1.7
6
-
Sri Lanka
18.3
6.3
326
6
19
800
34
-
2.1
60
60
Thailand
59.7
19.5
1001
38
38
2800
19
-
1.8
44
44
Viet Nam
76.4
32.1
1729
74
43
320
41
81 y
2.7
160
160

 
Total
population
Population
under 18
Annual
no. of
births
Annual
no. of
under-5
deaths
Under-5
mortality
rate
GNP
per capita
($)
% of
under-5
children
under-
weight
Net primary
school
enrollment/
attendancea/
(%)
Total
fertility
rate
Maternal mortality
ratiob/ 1980-97
(millions)
(thousands)
1997
1997
1997
1997
1997
1997
1987-98
1987-97
1997
Reported
Adjusted

Americas  

Argentina
35.7
12.2
712
17
24
8570
-
95
2.6
44
85
Bolivia
7.8
3.6
260
25
96
950
16
89 y
4.4
390
-
Brazil
163.7
60.5
3341
147
44
4720
6
94 y
2.3
160
-
Canada
30.3
7.2
350
2
7
19290
-
95
1.6
-
-
Chile
14.6
5.0
293
4
13
5020
1
88
2.5
23
-
Colombia
40.0
16.0
990
30
30
2280
8
89
2.8
80
80
Costa Rica
3.7
1.5
87
1
14
2640
2
94
2.8
29
35
Cuba
11.1
2.9
146
1
8
1170
9
100
1.6
24
24
Dominican Rep.
8.1
3.3
197
10
53
1670
6
81
2.8
230
-
Ecuador
11.9
5.0
309
12
39
1590
17
97
3.1
160
-
El Salvador
5.9
2.6
165
6
36
1810
11
79
3.2
160
-
Guatemala
10.5
5.4
388
21
55
1500
27
58 y
5.0
190
-
Haiti
7.8
3.9
250
33
132
330
28
68 y
4.4
-
-
Honduras
6.0
3.0
202
9
45
700
18
90
4.4
220
220
Jamaica
2.5
1.0
55
1
11
1560
10
100
2.5
120
120
Mexico
94.3
38.7
2345
82
35
3680
14
100
2.8
48
85
Nicaragua
4.7
2.4
170
10
57
410
12
83
4.5
160
-
Panama
2.7
1.0
61
1
20
3080
7
91
2.7
85
-
Paraguay
5.1
2.4
160
5
33
2010
4
91
4.2
190
-
Peru
24.4
10.1
613
34
56
2460
8
87 y
3.0
270
-
Trinidad/Tobago
1.3
0.4
18
0
17
4230
7
88
1.7
-
-
United States
271.8
70.9
3835
31
8
28740
1
94
2.0
8
12
Uruguay
3.3
1.0
57
1
21
6020
5
96
2.4
21
-
Venezuela
22.8
9.5
571
14
25
3450
5
84
3.0
65
-

 
Total
population
Population
under 18
Annual
no. of
births
Annual
no. of
under-5
deaths
Under-5
mortality
rate
GNP
per capita
($)
% of
under-5
children
under-
weight
Net primary
school
enrollment/
attendancea/
(%)
Total
fertility
rate
Maternal mortality
ratiob/ 1980-97
(millions)
(thousands)
1997
1997
1997
1997
1997
1997
1997-98
1987-97
1997
Reported
Adjusted

Europe  

Albania
3.1
1.1
65
3
40
750
-
96
2.5
-
-
Austria
8.1
1.7
84
0
5
27980
-
100
1.4
-
-
Belarus
10.4
2.6
100
3
27
2150
-
86
1.4
22
-
Belgium
10.1
2.1
108
1
7
26420
-
98
1.6
-
-
Bosnia/Herzegovina
3.5
0.9
37
1
19
*
-
-
1.4
10
-
Bulgaria
8.4
1.8
73
1
19
1140
-
92
1.3
15
-
Croatia
4.5
1.0
47
0
9
4610
1
82
1.6
12
-
Czech Rep.
10.3
2.3
91
1
7
5200
1
87
1.2
9
-
Denmark
5.3
1.1
64
0
6
32500
-
97
1.7
10
-
Estonia
1.4
0.3
12
0
23
3330
-
87
1.3
50
-
Finland
5.1
1.2
58
0
4
24080
-
99
1.7
6
6
France
58.5
13.5
716
4
5
26050
-
100
1.7
10
20
Germany
82.1
15.9
761
4
5
28260
-
100
1.3
8
-
Greece
10.6
2.1
98
1
8
12010
-
91
1.3
1
-
Hungary
10.2
2.2
100
1
11
4430
2
97
1.4
15
-
Ireland
3.7
1.0
51
0
7
18280
-
100
1.9
6
-
Italy
57.4
10.2
519
3
6
20120
-
98
1.2
7
-
Latvia
2.5
0.6
21
0
22
2430
-
90
1.3
45
-
Lithuania
3.7
0.9
38
1
24
2230
-
-
1.5
18
-
Moldova Rep.
4.4
1.3
58
2
35
540
-
-
1.8
42
-
Netherlands
15.6
3.4
183
1
6
25820
-
99
1.5
7
10
Norway
4.4
1.0
58
0
4
36090
-
99
1.9
6
-
Poland
38.7
10.3
426
5
11
3590
-
95
1.6
8
-
Portugal
9.9
2.1
104
1
8
10450
-
100
1.4
8
-
Romania
22.5
5.4
207
5
26
1420
6
96
1.2
41
-
Russian Fed.
147.7
36.4
1411
31
22
2740
3
93
1.4
49
-
Slovakia
5.4
1.4
57
1
11
3700
-
-
1.4
9
-
Slovenia
2.0
0.4
18
0
6
9680
-
100
1.3
11
-
Spain
39.6
7.8
363
2
5
14510
-
100
1.2
6
-
Sweden
8.9
1.9
90
0
4
26220
-
100
1.6
5
-
Switzerland
7.3
1.5
81
0
5
44320
-
100
1.5
5
-
TFYR Macedonia
2.0
0.6
31
1
23
1090
-
85
2.1
11
-
Ukraine
51.1
12.1
496
11
23
1040
-
-
1.4
30
-
United Kingdom
58.5
13.4
701
5
7
20710
-
100
1.7
7
10
Yugoslavia
10.6
2.7
136
3
21
**
2
69
1.9
10
-

a/ Enrolment/attendance is derived from net primary school enrolment rates as reported by UNESCO and from national household survey reports of attendance at primary school.
b/ Since maternal deaths are often misclassified or underreported and data collection methods vary considerably, maternal mortality estimates are being adjusted to improve comparability and to better reflect the true levels of maternal mortality. As the “adjusted” column in this table shows, only partial data are currently available. A full set of the adjusted estimates will be available later in the year.
y School attendance data derived from household surveys.
* GNP per capita estimated range $785 or less.
**GNP per capita estimated range $786 to $3125.

These statistical profiles portray in sharp detail the development challenges the world faces at the start of the 21st century.

  1. Among these 192 countries, per capita GNP ranges from $90 to $45,330 a year.
  2. The under-five mortality rate varies from 4 to 316 deaths per 1,000 live births.
  3. The percentage of underweight children ranges from 1% to 60%.
  4. The primary school enrolment rate varies from 24% to 100% of children.
The Progress of Nations seeks to put an end to these intolerable inequalities by exposing them to the conscience of the world community.

 

 

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