Statistical Tables

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Target 2000

A summary of the year 2000 goals agreed to by almost all nations at the 1990 World Summit for Children.

  1. Reduction of infant and under-5 child mortality rates by one third of the 1990 levels, or to 50 and 70 per 1,000 live births respectively, whichever is less.
  2. Reduction of the 1990 maternal mortality rates by half.
  3. Reduction of severe and moderate malnutrition among under-5 children by half of the 1990 levels.
  4. Universal access to safe drinking water and to sanitary means of excreta disposal.
  5. Universal access to basic education and completion of primary education by at least 80% of primary-school-age children.
  6. Reduction of the adult illiteracy rate (the appropriate age group to be determined in each country) to no more than half its 1990 level, with emphasis on female literacy.
  7. Improved protection of children in especially difficult circumstances.

  Total
popu-
lation
1996
Population
under 18
1996
Annual
no. of
births
1996
Annual
no. of
under-5
deaths
1996
Under-5
mortality
rate
1996
GNP per
capita
($)
1996
% of
under-5
children
under-
weight
1987-97
Net
primary
school
enrolment/
attendancea/
(%)
1987-97
Total
fertility
rate
1996
Maternal
mortality
rateb/
1990
  (in millions) (in thousands)            
SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
Angola 11.2 6.0 546 159 292 270 - - 6.8 1500
Benin 5.6 3.1 238 40 169 350 29 43 y 6.0 990
Botswana 1.5 0.7 52 3 50 3020 15 96 4.6 250
Burkina Faso 10.8 5.8 501 87 173 230 30 33 y 6.7 930
Burundi 6.2 3.3 272 48 176 170 37 52 6.4 1300
Cameroon 13.6 6.9 539 55 102 610 14 65 y 5.4 550
Central
African Rep.
3.3 1.6 127 22 173 310 27 63 y 5.1 700
Chad 6.5 3.2 275 54 198 160 - 41 5.6 1500
Congo 2.7 1.4 115 12 108 670 17 - 6.0 890
Congo,
Dem. Rep.
46.8 25.1 2135 442 207 130 34 56 y 6.4 870
Côte d'Ivoire 14.0 7.2 523 78 150 660 24 53 y 5.3 810
Eritrea 3.3 1.7 135 16 120 100 44 31 5.5 1400
Ethiopia 58.2 30.6 2856 506 177 100 48 24 7.0 1400
Gabon 1.1 0.5 41 6 145 3950 - 86 y 5.3 500
Gambia 1.1 0.5 46 4 92 320 21 47 y 5.3 1100
Ghana 17.8 9.1 692 76 110 360 27 70 y 5.4 740
Guinea 7.5 4.0 359 75 210 560 26 33 y 6.7 1600
Guinea-Bissau 1.1 0.5 44 10 223 250 - 45 5.5 910
Kenya 27.8 14.7 1027 92 90 320 23 84 y 5.0 650
Lesotho 2.1 1.0 74 10 139 660 16 75 y 5.0 610
Liberia 2.2 1.1 121 28 235 490 - 56 y 6.5 560
Madagascar 15.4 8.2 643 105 164 250 34 62 y 5.8 490
Malawi 9.8 5.3 487 106 217 180 30 83 y 6.8 560
Mali 11.1 6.0 539 130 241 240 27 41 y 6.8 1200
Mauritania 2.3 1.2 90 16 183 470 23 54 y 5.1 930
Mauritius 1.1 0.4 22 1 23 3710 16 96 2.3 120
Mozambique 17.8 9.1 763 163 214 80 27 40 6.2 1500
Namibia 1.6 0.8 57 4 77 2250 26 92 5.0 370
Niger 9.5 5.2 484 155 320 200 43 26 y 7.2 1200
Nigeria 115.0 59.7 4975 950 191 240 36 59 y 6.1 1000
Rwanda 5.4 2.9 263 45 170 190 29 61 y 6.2 1300
Senegal 8.5 4.4 356 45 127 570 22 45 y 5.8 1200
Sierra Leone 4.3 2.2 207 65 316 200 29 48 6.2 1800
Somalia 9.8 5.3 504 106 211 110 - - 7.0 1600
South Africa 42.4 18.4 1280 84 66 3520 9 96 3.9 230
Tanzania 30.8 16.2 1281 184 144 170 27 48 5.6 770
Togo 4.2 2.2 179 22 125 300 19 85 6.2 640
Uganda 20.3 11.2 1040 147 141 300 26 64 y 7.1 1200
Zambia 8.3 4.6 356 72 202 360 24 75 5.6 940
Zimbabwe 11.4 5.8 436 35 80 610 16 91 y 4.8 570
 
  Total
popu-
lation
1996
Population
under 18
1996
Annual
no. of
births
1996
Annual
no. of
under-5
deaths
1996
Under-5
mortality
rate
1996
GNP per
capita
($)
1996
% of
under-5
children
under-
weight
1987-97
Net
primary
school
enrolment/
attendancea/
(%)
1987-97
Total
fertility
rate
1996
Maternal
mortality
rateb/
1990
  (in millions) (in thousands)            
MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA
Algeria 28.8 13.1 857 33 39 1520 13 95 4.0 160
Egypt 63.3 27.8 1690 132 78 1080 15 78 y 3.5 170
Iran 70.0 35.7 2446 91 37 1033 16 96 y 4.9 120
Iraq 20.6 10.1 770 94 122 1036 23 83 y 5.4 310
Israel 5.7 2.0 115 1 6 15870 - - 2.8 7
Jordan 5.6 2.8 211 5 25 1650 9 89 5.3 150
Kuwait 1.7 0.8 40 1 14 17390 - 65 2.9 29
Lebanon 3.1 1.2 76 3 40 2970 3 - 2.9 300
Libya 5.6 2.9 227 14 61 5540 5 97 6.1 220
Morocco 27.0 11.5 714 53 74 1290 9 72 3.3 610
Oman 2.3 1.2 102 2 18 4820 23 71 7.2 190
Saudi Arabia 18.8 9.0 657 20 30 7040 - 62 6.0 130
Sudan 27.3 13.0 929 108 116 310 34 55 y 4.7 660
Syria 14.6 7.5 450 15 34 1160 13 97 y 4.2 180
Tunisia 9.2 3.7 223 8 35 1930 9 97 3.0 170
Turkey 61.8 23.0 1371 64 47 2830 10 86 y 2.6 180
U. Arab
Emirates
2.3 0.8 42 0 10 17400 14 83 3.6 26
Yemen 15.7 8.5 756 79 105 380 39 57 y 7.6 1400
 
  Total
popu-
lation
1996
Population
under 18
1996
Annual
no. of
births
1996
Annual
no. of
under-5
deaths
1996
Under-5
mortality
rate
1996
GNP per
capita
($)
1996
% of
under-5
children
under-
weight
1987-97
Net
primary
school
enrolment/
attendancea/
(%)
1987-97
Total
fertility
rate
1996
Maternal
mortality
rateb/
1990
  (in millions) (in thousands)            
CENTRAL ASIA
Afghanistan 20.9 9.7 1127 290 257 250 - 24 y 6.9 1700
Armenia 3.6 1.2 50 2 30 630 - - 1.8 50
Azerbaijan 7.6 2.8 154 7 44 480 10 - 2.4 22
Georgia 5.4 1.5 77 2 29 850 - 82 2.0 33
Kazakhstan 16.8 5.9 312 14 45 1350 8 - 2.4 80
Kyrgyzstan 4.5 1.9 117 6 50 550 - 86 y 3.3 110
Tajikistan 5.9 2.8 184 14 76 340 - - 4.0 130
Turkmenistan 4.2 1.9 122 10 78 940 - 80 y 3.7 55
Uzbekistan 23.2 10.6 674 40 60 1010 19 95 3.6 55
 
  Total
popu-
lation
1996
Population
under 18
1996
Annual
no. of
births
1996
Annual
no. of
under-5
deaths
1996
Under-5
mortality
rate
1996
GNP per
capita
($)
1996
% of
under-5
children
under-
weight
1987-97
Net
primary
school
enrolment/
attendancea/
(%)
1987-97
Total
fertility
rate
1996
Maternal
mortality
rateb/
1990
  (in millions) (in thousands)            
EAST/SOUTH ASIA AND PACIFIC
Australia 18.1 4.6 262 2 6 20090 - 98 1.9 9
Bangladesh 120.1 57.2 3186 357 112 260 56 76 y 3.2 850
Bhutan 1.8 0.9 76 10 127 390 38 41 5.9 1600
Cambodia 10.3 4.8 360 61 170 300 40 - 4.6 900
China 1232.1 378.0 20712 973 47 750 16 99 1.8 95
India 944.6 382.9 24381 2706 111 380 53 68 y 3.2 570
Indonesia 200.5 77.8 4732 336 71 1080 34 97 2.7 650
Japan 125.4 24.7 1281 8 6 40940 - 100 1.5 18
Korea, Dem. 22.5 7.0 493 15 30 970 - - 2.1 70
Korea, Rep. 45.3 12.6 688 5 7 10610 - 93 1.7 130
Lao Rep. 5.0 2.6 227 29 128 400 40 69 y 6.7 650
Malaysia 20.6 8.9 539 7 13 4370 20 91 3.4 80
Mongolia 2.5 1.1 70 11 150 360 12 80 3.4 65
Myanmar 45.9 19.1 1276 191 150 220 43 85 y 3.4 580
Nepal 22.0 10.9 822 95 116 210 47 65 y 5.1 1500
New Zealand 3.6 1.0 56 0 7 15720 - 100 2.1 25
Pakistan 140.0 68.3 5207 708 136 480 38 66 y 5.2 340
Papua
New Guinea
4.4 2.0 144 16 112 1150 - 32 y 4.8 930
Philippines 69.3 30.9 2029 77 38 1160 30 89 y 3.7 280
Singapore 3.4 0.9 56 0 4 30550 - 100 1.8 10
Sri Lanka 18.1 6.4 322 6 19 740 38 - 2.1 140
Thailand 58.7 19.5 996 38 38 2960 26 - 1.8 200
Viet Nam 75.2 32.3 1975 87 44 290 45 81 y 3.1 160
 
  Total
popu-
lation
1996
Population
under 18
1996
Annual
no. of
births
1996
Annual
no. of
under-5
deaths
1996
Under-5
mortality
rate
1996
GNP per
capita
($)
1996
% of
under-5
children
under-
weight
1987-97
Net
primary
school
enrolment/
attendancea/
(%)
1987-97
Total
fertility
rate
1996
Maternal
mortality
rateb/
1990
  (in millions) (in thousands)            
AMERICAS
Argentina 35.2 12.1 709 18 25 8380 - 95 2.7 100
Bolivia 7.6 3.6 258 26 102 830 8 89 y 4.5 650
Brazil 161.1 60.2 3211 148 46 4400 6 94 y 2.3 220
Canada 29.7 7.2 367 2 7 19020 - 95 1.6 6
Chile 14.4 5.0 294 4 13 4860 1 86 2.5 65
Colombia 36.4 14.6 878 27 31 2140 8 91 y 2.8 100
Costa Rica 3.5 1.4 86 1 15 2640 2 92 3.0 55
Cuba 11.0 2.9 149 1 9 1170 - 99 1.6 95
Dominican Rep. 8.0 3.3 198 11 56 1600 6 92 y 2.9 110
Ecuador 11.7 5.0 309 12 40 1500 17 92 3.2 150
El Salvador 5.8 2.6 166 7 40 1700 11 79 3.2 300
Guatemala 10.9 5.6 405 23 56 1470 27 58 y 5.0 200
Haiti 7.3 3.4 250 34 134 310 28 68 y 4.7 1000
Honduras 5.8 2.9 201 7 35 660 18 90 4.5 220
Jamaica 2.5 0.9 56 1 11 1600 10 100 2.5 120
Mexico 92.7 38.6 2351 75 32 3670 14 98 2.9 110
Nicaragua 4.2 2.1 145 8 57 380 12 83 4.0 160
Panama 2.7 1.0 62 1 20 3080 7 91 2.7 55
Paraguay 5.0 2.4 158 5 34 1850 4 89 4.3 160
Peru 23.9 10.1 615 36 58 2420 8 87 y 3.1 280
Trinidad/Tobago 1.3 0.5 21 0 17 3870 7 88 2.2 90
United States 269.4 70.4 3827 32 8 28020 1 96 2.0 12
Uruguay 3.2 0.9 54 1 22 5760 4 95 2.3 85
Venezuela 22.3 9.4 570 16 28 3020 5 88 3.1 120
 
  Total
popu-
lation
1996
Population
under 18
1996
Annual
no. of
births
1996
Annual
no. of
under-5
deaths
1996
Under-5
mortality
rate
1996
GNP per
capita
($)
1996
% of
under-5
children
under-
weight
1987-97
Net
primary
school
enrolment/
attendancea/
(%)
1987-97
Total
fertility
rate
1996
Maternal
mortality
rateb/
1990
  (in millions) (in thousands)            
EUROPE
Albania 3.4 1.2 75 3 40 820 - 96 2.7 65
Austria 8.1 1.7 86 0 6 28110 - 100 1.4 10
Belarus 10.3 2.7 106 2 18 2070 - 95 1.5 37
Belgium 10.2 2.2 115 1 7 26440 - 98 1.6 10
Bosnia/
Herzegovina
3.6 0.9 43 1 17 * - - 1.4 -
Bulgaria 8.5 1.9 86 2 19 1190 - 97 1.5 27
Croatia 4.5 1.0 48 1 11 3800 1 82 1.6 -
Czech Rep. 10.3 2.4 111 1 7 4740 1 98 1.5 15
Denmark 5.2 1.1 68 0 6 32100 - 99 1.8 9
Estonia 1.5 0.4 13 0 16 3080 - 94 1.4 41
Finland 5.1 1.2 62 0 4 23240 - 99 1.8 11
France 58.3 13.5 692 4 6 26270 - 99 1.7 15
Germany 81.9 15.8 774 4 6 28870 - 100 1.3 22
Greece 10.5 2.2 104 1 9 11460 - 91 1.4 10
Hungary 10.0 2.3 104 1 12 4340 2 93 1.5 30
Ireland 3.6 1.0 46 0 7 17110 - 100 1.9 10
Italy 57.2 10.5 528 4 7 19880 - 97 1.2 12
Latvia 2.5 0.6 25 1 20 2300 - 84 1.5 40
Lithuania 3.7 1.0 41 1 18 2280 - - 1.6 36
Moldova, Rep. 4.4 1.4 61 2 32 590 - - 1.9 60
Netherlands 15.6 3.4 190 1 6 25940 - 99 1.6 12
Norway 4.3 1 59 0 6 34510 - 99 1.9 6
Poland 38.6 10.6 463 6 14 3230 - 97 1.7 19
Portugal 9.8 2.1 110 1 7 10160 - 100 1.5 15
Romania 22.7 5.6 247 6 25 1600 6 92 1.4 130
Russian Fed. 148.1 37.1 1427 36 25 2410 3 100 1.4 75
Slovakia 5.3 1.5 64 1 11 3410 - - 1.6 -
Slovenia 1.9 0.4 18 0 6 9240 - 100 1.3 13
Spain 39.7 8.2 387 2 5 14350 - 100 1.2 7
Sweden 8.8 2.0 108 0 4 25710 - 100 1.9 7
Switzerland 7.2 1.5 80 0 5 44350 - 100 1.5 6
TFYR
Macedonia
2.2 0.6 32 1 30 990 - 85 2.0 -
Ukraine 51.6 12.4 511 12 24 1200 - - 1.5 50
United
Kingdom
58.1 13.3 706 5 7 19600 - 100 1.7 9
Yugoslavia 10.3 2.7 131 3 22 ** 2 69 1.8 -

a/ Enrolment/attendance is derived from net primary school enrolment rates as reported by UNESCO and from national household survey reports of attendance at primary school.
b/ Several of the maternal mortality rates vary substantially from government estimates. A review of these data will be part of a forthcoming revision of maternal mortality estimates.
y/ School attendance data derived from household surveys.
* GNP per capita estimated range $785 or less.
** GNP per capita estimated range $9636 or more.


 
These statistical profiles show the brutal disparities between countries.

  • Among these 192 nations, per capita GNP is as low as $80 and as high as $45,360 a year.
  • The under-5 mortality rate varies from 4 to 320 deaths per 1,000 live births.
  • The maternal death rate ranges from 0 to 1,800 deaths per 100,000 live births.
  • The primary school enrolment rate varies from 24% to 100% of young people.

The Progress of Nations seeks to put an end to these intolerable inequalities by exposing them to the conscience of the world community.

 

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