Statistical Profiles

These statistical profiles put into stark relief the development challenge the world faces. Among these 149 countries, per capita GNP ranges from $80 a year to $40,630 a year.

The under-5 mortality rate varies from 5 deaths per 1,000 live births to 320; the maternal death rate ranges from 6 deaths per 100,000 live births to 1,800. The primary school enrolment rate varies from 17% of young people to 100%.

By exposing these intolerable disparities, The Progress of Nations is a contribution to ending them.

 
Total
population
(millions)
1995
Population
under 18
(millions)
1995
Annual
no. of
births
(thousands)
1995
Annual
no. of
under-5
deaths
(thousands)
1995
Under-5
mortality
rate
1995
GNP
per capita
($)
1995
% of
under-5
children
under-
weight
Primary
school
enrolment a/
(%)
Total
fertility
rate
1995
Maternal
mortality
rate b/
1990
SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
Angola 10.8 5.8 536 162 292 410 - - 6.9 1500
Benin 5.4 3.0 234 37 142 370 - 53 6.1 990
Botswana 1.5 0.7 52 3 52 3020 15 96 4.7 250
Burkina Faso 10.5 5.7 491 77 164 230 30 33 6.8 930
Burundi 6.1 3.2 271 50 176 160 37 51 6.5 1300
Cameroon 13.2 6.7 527 56 106 650 14 68 5.5 550
Central African Rep. 3.3 1.6 125 22 165 340 27 55 5.1 700
Chad 6.3 3.2 271 42 152 180 - 41 5.7 1500
Congo 2.6 1.4 113 12 108 680 24 - 6.1 890
Congo, Dem. Rep 45.5 24.3 2104 421 207 120 34 56 6.5 870
Côte d'Ivoire 13.7 7.1 512 105 150 660 24 48 5.4 810
Eritrea 3.2 1.6 134 29 195 100 41 27 5.6 1400
Ethiopia 56.4 29.5 2768 506 195 100 48 21 7.0 1400
Gabon 1.1 0.5 39 8 148 3490 - 86 5.2 500
Gambia 1.1 0.5 45 5 110 320 - 55 5.4 1100
Ghana 17.3 8.9 679 92 130 390 27 70 5.5 740
Guinea 7.3 3.9 352 73 219 550 26 33 6.8 1600
Guinea-Bissau 1.1 0.5 44 10 227 250 23 45 5.6 910
Kenya 27.2 14.5 996 111 90 280 23 84 5.1 650
Lesotho 2.0 1.0 73 10 140 770 21 75 5.0 610
Liberia 2.1 1.0 119 30 216 450 - 56 6.6 560
Madagascar 14.9 7.9 630 103 164 230 34 62 5.9 490
Malawi 9.7 5.2 488 118 219 170 30 83 6.9 560
Mali 10.8 5.8 532 120 225 250 31 25 6.9 1200
Mauritania 2.3 1.1 88 17 195 460 23 54 5.2 930
Mauritius 1.1 0.4 22 1 23 3380 16 94 2.3 120
Mozambique 17.3 8.8 748 156 220 80 27 52 6.3 1500
Namibia 1.5 0.8 56 4 78 2000 26 77 5.1 370
Niger 9.2 5.0 471 151 320 220 36 27 7.3 1200
Nigeria 111.7 58.0 4915 939 191 260 36 59 6.2 1000
Rwanda 5.2 2.8 262 48 139 180 29 61 6.3 1300
Senegal 8.3 4.3 350 46 130 600 22 45 5.8 1200
Sierra Leone 4.2 2.1 205 61 284 180 29 48 6.3 1800
Somalia 9.5 5.1 488 97 211 120 - 17 7.0 1600
South Africa 41.5 18.1 1264 84 67 3160 9 96 4.0 230
Tanzania 30.0 15.8 1258 200 160 120 29 64 5.7 770
Togo 4.1 2.1 177 23 128 310 19 69 6.3 640
Uganda 19.7 10.9 1006 155 145 240 26 - 7.1 1200
Zambia 8.1 4.5 350 83 203 400 28 77 5.7 940
Zimbabwe 11.2 5.7 436 31 74 540 16 91 4.9 570

 
Total
population
(millions)
1995
Population
under 18
(millions)
1995
Annual
no. of
births
(thousands)
1995
Annual
no. of
under-5
deaths
(thousands)
1995
Under-5
mortality
rate
1995
GNP
per capita
($)
1995
% of
under-5
children
under-
weight
Primary
school
enrolment a/
(%)
Total
fertility
rate
1995
Maternal
mortality
rate b/
1990
MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA
Algeria 28.1 13.0 844 31 40 1600 13 93 4.1 160
Egypt 62.1 27.5 1682 89 51 790 12 84 3.6 170
Iran 68.4 35.0 2439 90 40 1033 16 96 5.0 120
Iraq 20.1 9.9 759 54 71 1036 12 79 5.5 310
Israel 5.5 1.9 114 1 9 15920 - - 2.8 7
Jordan 5.4 2.7 204 5 25 1510 9 97 5.4 150
Kuwait 1.7 0.8 41 1 14 17390 6 64 2.9 29
Lebanon 3.0 1.2 76 3 40 2660 - - 2.9 300
Libya 5.4 2.8 221 14 63 5310 5 97 6.2 220
Morocco 26.5 11.5 720 56 75 1110 9 69 3.4 610
Oman 2.2 1.2 97 2 25 4820 12 93 7.2 190
Saudi Arabia 18.3 8.8 641 22 34 7040 - 63 6.1 130
Sudan 26.7 12.9 914 126 115 480 34 - 4.8 660
Syria 14.2 7.4 442 21 36 1120 12 93 4.4 180
Tunisia 9.0 3.7 221 8 37 1820 9 99 3.1 170
Turkey 60.8 23.1 1345 81 50 2780 10 73 2.6 180
U. Arab Emirates 2.2 0.8 42 1 19 17400 - 100 3.6 26
Yemen 15.0 8.1 723 76 110 260 39 57 7.6 1400

 
Total
population
(millions)
1995
Population
under 18
(millions)
1995
Annual
no. of
births
(thousands)
1995
Annual
no. of
under-5
deaths
(thousands)
1995
Under-5
mortality
rate
1995
GNP
per capita
($)
1995
% of
under-5
children
under-
weight
Primary
school
enrolment a/
(%)
Total
fertility
rate
1995
Maternal
mortality
rate b/
1990
CENTRAL ASIA
Afghanistan 19.7 9.2 1039 268 257 280 - 29 6.9 1700
Armenia 3.6 1.2 53 2 31 730 - - 1.9 50
Azerbaijan 7.5 2.8 159 8 50 480 - - 2.5 22
Georgia 5.5 1.5 79 2 26 440 - 82 2.0 33
Kazakstan 16.8 6.0 315 15 47 1330 - - 2.4 80
Kyrgyzstan 4.5 1.9 119 7 54 700 - 86 3.4 110
Tajikistan 5.8 2.8 183 17 79 340 - - 4.1 130
Turkmenistan 4.1 1.9 122 11 85 920 - - 3.8 55
Uzbekistan 22.8 10.5 673 42 62 970 - 95 3.7 55

 
Total
population
(millions)
1995
Population
under 18
(millions)
1995
Annual
no. of
births
(thousands)
1995
Annual
no. of
under-5
deaths
(thousands)
1995
Under-5
mortality
rate
1995
GNP
per capita
($)
1995
% of
under-5
children
under-
weight
Primary
school
enrolment a/
(%)
Total
fertility
rate
1995
Maternal
mortality
rate b/
1990
EAST/SOUTH ASIA AND PACIFIC
Australia 17.9 4.6 261 2 8 18720 - 98 1.9 9
Bangladesh 118.2 57.2 3079 477 115 240 67 82 3.3 850
Bhutan 1.8 0.9 74 12 189 420 38 41 5.9 1600
Cambodia 10.0 4.7 358 72 174 270 40 - 4.7 900
China 1220.2 378.1 20858 1021 47 620 16 95 1.9 95
India 929.0 379.8 24343 3002 115 340 53 68 3.2 570
Indonesia 197.5 77.7 4695 354 75 980 35 91 2.8 650
Japan 125.1 25.2 1260 8 6 39640 - 100 1.5 18
Korea, Dem. 22.1 6.9 487 17 30 970 - - 2.1 70
Korea, Rep. 44.9 12.8 686 7 9 9700 - 93 1.7 130
Lao Rep. 4.9 2.5 221 28 134 350 40 68 6.7 650
Malaysia 20.1 8.8 542 7 13 3890 23 - 3.4 80
Mongolia 2.5 1.1 69 5 74 310 12 78 3.4 65
Myanmar 45.1 18.9 1264 220 150 220 43 85 3.5 580
Nepal 21.5 10.6 819 95 114 200 46 69 5.2 1500
New Zealand 3.6 1.0 57 1 9 14340 - 99 2.1 25
Pakistan 136.3 66.7 5163 755 137 460 38 66 5.3 340
Papua New Guinea 4.3 2.0 142 13 95 1160 35 73 4.9 930
Philippines 67.8 30.5 2029 105 53 1050 30 90 3.8 280
Singapore 3.3 0.9 57 0 6 26730 - 100 1.8 10
Sri Lanka 17.9 6.4 322 7 19 700 38 - 2.2 140
Thailand 58.2 19.8 994 36 32 2740 26 - 1.8 200
Viet Nam 73.8 32.1 1996 99 45 240 45 88 3.2 160

 
Total
population
(millions)
1995
Population
under 18
(millions)
1995
Annual
no. of
births
(thousands)
1995
Annual
no .of
under-5
deaths
(thousands)
1995
Under-5
mortality
rate
1995
GNP
per capita
($)
1995
% of
under-5
children
under-
weight
Primary
school
enrolment a/
(%)
Total
fertility
rate
1995
Maternal
mortality
rate b/
1990
AMERICAS
Argentina 34.8 12.1 707 19 27 8030 - 95 2.7 100
Bolivia 7.4 3.5 256 27 105 800 16 89 4.6 650
Brazil 159.0 60.5 3228 203 53 3640 6 91 2.3 220
Canada 29.4 7.2 383 3 8 19380 - 97 1.7 6
Chile 14.2 4.9 296 5 15 4160 1 86 2.5 65
Colombia 35.8 14.5 883 26 32 1910 8 91 2.8 100
Costa Rica 3.4 1.4 85 1 16 2610 2 87 3.0 55
Cuba 11.0 2.9 152 2 10 1170 - 100 1.6 95
Dominican Rep. 7.8 3.2 199 9 44 1460 10 81 2.9 110
Ecuador 11.5 4.9 308 12 40 1390 17 94 3.3 150
El Salvador 5.7 2.6 164 8 40 1610 11 70 3.3 300
Guatemala 10.6 5.4 399 24 60 1340 27 70 5.1 200
Haiti 7.1 3.3 247 31 124 250 28 26 4.7 1000
Honduras 5.7 2.9 200 8 38 600 18 90 4.6 220
Jamaica 2.5 0.9 57 1 13 1510 10 100 2.5 120
Mexico 91.1 38.6 2356 79 32 3320 14 98 2.9 110
Nicaragua 4.1 2.1 143 10 60 380 12 79 4.1 160
Panama 2.6 1.0 62 1 20 2750 7 91 2.8 55
Paraguay 4.8 2.3 157 5 34 1690 4 90 4.4 160
Peru 23.5 10.0 617 35 55 2310 11 88 3.2 280
Trinidad/Tobago 1.3 0.5 21 1 18 3770 7 88 2.2 90
United States 267.1 69.9 3911 40 10 26980 - 100 2.0 12
Uruguay 3.2 0.9 53 1 21 5170 7 94 2.3 85
Venezuela 21.8 9.3 569 14 24 3020 6 88 3.1 120

 
Total
population
(millions)
1995
Population
under 18
(millions)
1995
Annual
no. of
births
(thousands)
1995
Annual
no. of
under-5
deaths
(thousands)
1995
Under-5
mortality
rate
1995
GNP
per capita
($)
1995
% of
under-5
children
under-
weight
Primary
school
enrolment a/
(%)
Total
fertility
rate
1995
Maternal
mortality
rate b/
1990
EUROPE
Albania 3.4 1.3 76 3 40 670 - - 2.7 65
Austria 8.0 1.7 88 1 7 26890 - 100 1.4 10
Belarus 10.4 2.7 111 2 20 2070 - 97 1.5 37
Belgium 10.1 2.2 117 1 10 24710 - 96 1.6 10
Bosnia/Herzegovina 3.6 0.9 44 1 17 * - - 1.5 -
Bulgaria 8.5 1.9 86 2 19 1330 - 83 1.5 27
Croatia 4.5 1.1 49 1 14 3250 - 82 1.6 -
Czech Rep. 10.3 2.5 115 1 10 3870 - - 1.5 15
Denmark 5.2 1.1 68 0 7 29890 - 99 1.8 9
Estonia 1.5 0.4 14 0 22 2860 - 90 1.4 41
Finland 5.1 1.2 64 0 5 20580 - - 1.8 11
France 58.1 13.6 701 7 9 24990 - 99 1.7 15
Germany 81.6 15.8 777 5 7 27510 - 97 1.3 22
Greece 10.5 2.2 103 1 10 8210 - 91 1.4 10
Hungary 10.1 2.3 108 2 14 4120 - 93 1.5 30
Ireland 3.5 1.1 47 0 7 14710 - 100 1.9 10
Italy 57.2 10.7 532 4 8 19020 - - 1.2 12
Latvia 2.5 0.6 26 1 26 2270 - 81 1.5 40
Lithuania 3.7 1.0 43 1 19 1900 - - 1.6 36
Moldova, Rep. of 4.4 1.4 63 2 34 920 - - 2.0 60
Netherlands 15.5 3.4 192 2 8 24000 - 93 1.6 12
Norway 4.3 1.0 59 1 8 31250 - 99 1.9 6
Poland 38.6 10.8 473 8 16 2790 - 97 1.8 19
Portugal 9.8 2.2 110 1 11 9740 - 100 1.5 15
Romania 22.7 5.8 245 7 29 1480 - 94 1.5 130
Russian Fed. 148.5 37.9 1439 46 30 2240 - 94 1.4 75
Slovakia 5.3 1.5 66 1 15 2950 - - 1.7 -
Slovenia 1.9 0.4 18 0 8 8200 - 96 1.3 13
Spain 39.6 8.4 387 4 9 13580 - 100 1.2 7
Sweden 8.8 1.9 112 1 5 23750 - 99 1.9 7
Switzerland 7.2 1.5 82 1 7 40630 - 100 1.5 6
TFYR Macedonia 2.2 0.6 32 1 31 860 - 87 2.0 -
Ukraine 51.8 12.6 532 14 24 1630 - - 1.5 50
United Kingdom 58.1 13.3 721 6 7 18700 - 100 1.8 9
Yugoslavia, Fed. Rep. of 10.3 2.7 132 4 23 ** - 69 1.9 -

a/ Enrolment is derived from net primary school enrolment rates as reported by UNESCO, and national household survey reports of attendance at primary school.
b/ Several of the maternal mortality rates vary substantially from government estimates. A review of these data will be part of a forthcoming revision of maternal mortality estimates.
* GNP per capita estimated range $765 or less.
** GNP per capita estimated range $766 to $3035.

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