Only 16 countries have achieved full compliance with the Code, meaning that they have adopted appropriate laws aimed at enforcing it.

Protecting Breastfeeding from Unethical Marketing

Photo:UNICEF/4404Z/90/Murray-Lee Photo:UNICEF/01-821/Taylor Photo:UNICEF/96-0187/Hartley Photo:UNICEF/5912-92/Lemoyne Photo:UNICEF/4087/Bregnard Photo:UNICEF/5568-92/Hartley
SUB-SAHARAN 
AFRICA
MIDDLE EAST 
AND NORTH AFRICA
CENTRAL ASIA EAST/SOUTH ASIA 
AND PACIFIC
AMERICAS EUROPE
Level of Compliance Level of Compliance Level of Compliance Level of Compliance Level of Compliance Level of Compliance
Burkina Faso 1 Iran  1  Armenia 3 India 1 Brazil  1  Austria 2
Cameroon 1 Lebanon 1 Georgia 3 Nepal 1 Costa Rica 1 Belgium 2
Madagascar 1 Algeria 2 Kazakstan 4 Philippines 1 Dominican Rep. 1 Denmark 2
Tanzania 1 Israel 2 Afghanistan No data Sri Lanka 1 Guatemala 1 Finland 2
Benin 2 Saudi Arabia 2 Azerbaijan No data Bangladesh 2 Panama 1 France 2
Congo, D. R. 2 Tunisia 2 Kyrgyzstan No data China 2 Peru 1 Germany 2
Ethiopia 2 Turkey 2 Tajikistan No data Indonesia 2 Canada 2 Greece 2
Guinea 2 U. Arab Emirates 2 Turkmenistan No data Japan 2 Chile 2 Hungary 2
Guinea-Bissau 2 Yemen 2 Uzbekistan No data Lao Rep. 2 Colombia 2 Ireland 2
Mozambique 2 Egypt 3 Mongolia 2 Cuba 2 Italy 2
Nigeria 2 Iraq 3 Papua New Guinea 2 Mexico 2 Netherlands 2
Senegal 2 Jordan 3 Viet Nam 2 Argentina 3 Norway 2
Angola 3 Kuwait 3 Australia 3 Bolivia 3 Portugal 2
Botswana 3 Libya 3 Bhutan 3 Ecuador 3 Spain 2
Burundi 3 Morocco 3 Cambodia 3 El Salvador 3 United Kingdom 2
Congo 3 Oman 3 Korea, Rep. 3 Haiti 3 Albania 3
Côte d'Ivoire 3 Sudan 3 Malaysia 3 Honduras 3 Belarus 3
Eritrea 3 Syria 3 Myanmar 3 Jamaica 3 Czech Rep. 3
Gabon 3 New Zealand 3 Nicaragua 3 Latvia 3
Gambia 3 Pakistan 3 Paraguay 3 Lithuania 3
Ghana 3 Singapore 3 Trinidad/Tobago 3 Poland 3
Kenya 3 Thailand 3 Uruguay 3 Russian Fed. 3
Lesotho 3 Korea, Dem. No data Venezuela 3 Slovakia 3
Malawi 3 United States 4 Sweden 3
Mali 3
What the Rankings Mean

1 Full Compliance: Countries that have enacted legislation or other legally enforceable measures that implement the International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitues in its entirety, as called upon by the World Health Assembly.

2 Partial Compliance: Countries that have enacted legislation or other legally enforceable measures encompassing some of the Code's provisions. These measures therefore do not adhere to the Code as a "mimimum standard" as stressed by the World Health Assembly.

3 Some Action: Countries that have not enacted legislation or other legally enforceable measures implementing the Code but are in the process or have taken other measures. Examples include voluntary agreements with industry that regulate all or some of the marketing partices covered by the Code, drafting of measures to fully or partially implement it, or establishment of a working group to study how best to implement it.

4 No Action: Countries that have taken no steps to implement the Code.

Switzerland 3
Mauritania 3 TFYR Macedonia* 3
Mauritius 3 Croatia 4
Namibia 3 Estonia 4
Niger 3 Moldova, Rep. 4
Rwanda 3 Romania 4
Sierra Leone 3 Bosnia/Herze. No data
South Africa 3 Bulgaria No data
Togo 3 Slovenia No data
Uganda 3 Ukraine No data
Zambia 3 Yugoslavia, Fed. Rep. No data
Zimbabwe 3
C. African Rep. 4
Chad 4
Somalia 4
Liberia No data
 

*The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia subsequently referred to as TFYR Macedonia.

Sources: International Code Documentation Centre, forthcoming Code Handbook, and information from UNICEF field offices, 1994-1996.


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