The Progress of Nations: Nutrition

League Table of Malnutrition

Percentage of under-fives malnourished

SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA MIDDLE EAST and NORTH AFRICA CENTRAL ASIA ASIA AND PACIFIC AMERICAS
South Africa9Algeria9Kyrgyzstanother Mongolia12Chile1
Cameroon14Egypt9Turkmenistanother China16Paraguay4
Zimbabwe*16Jordan9Afghanistanno data Malaysia23Panama 7
Senegal20Morocco9Armeniano data Philippines30Dominican Rep.10
Lesotho21Turkey10Azerbaijanno data Myanmar31Jamaica 10
Kenya23Iraq12Kazakstanno data Sri Lanka38El Salvador11
Zambia25Oman12Tajikistanno data Cambodia40Peru11
Namibia26Syria12Uzbekistanno data Lao Rep.40Nicaragua 12
Ghana*27Iran16 Pakistan40Bolivia* 16
Malawi27Yemen30 Viet Nam45Honduras 18
Rwanda29Sudan34 Nepal*49Haiti27
Sierra Leone29Lebanonplans India53Brazilplans
Tanzania29Libyaplans Bangladesh67Colombia plans
Burkina Faso30Tunisiaplans IndonesiaplansGuatemala plans
Madagascar32Israelother Papua New GuineaplansMexicoplans
Zaire35Kuwaitno data AustraliaotherArgentina other
Niger36Saudi Arabiano data JapanotherCanada other
Nigeria36U. Arab Emiratesno data New ZealandotherCosta Ricaother
Eritrea41 ThailandotherTrinidad/Tobago other
Ethiopia48 Bhutanno dataUnited Statesother
Mauritania48 Hong Kongno dataVenezuela other
Beninplans Korea, Dem.no dataCuba no data
Burundiplans Korea, Rep.no dataEcuador no data
C. African Rep.plans Singaporeno dataUruguay no data
Congoplans
Gambiaplans
Guineaplans
Guinea-Bissauplans
Liberiaplans
Maliplans
Mauritiusplans
Mozambiqueplans
Togoplans
Ugandaplans
Botswanaother
Angolano data
Chadno data
Cote d'Ivoireno data
Gabonno data
Somaliano data

Key to league table

Plans = No estimates for 1990s but plans to publish estimates or conduct surveys by the end of 1996

Other = Estimates incompatible with WHO/UNICEF definitions (includes industrialized countries)

No Data = No recent data and no survey plans (includes countries from which no information was available.

The figures for each country indicate the percentage of children moderately or severely malnourished, defined as having a weight-for-age which is more than two standard deviations below the median weight-for-age (using the international standard recognized by WHO).

The data are drawn from nationally representative surveys conducted by developing countries between 1990 and 1995 (surveys included Demographic and Health Surveys, national nutrition surveys, and other national surveys in which the measurement of anthropometric data was included).

Information on individual country plans to update child malnutrition data are based on UNICEF field office reports to UNICEF headquarters in New York.

* Children under the age of three

When The Progress of Nations published a league table on child malnutrition three years ago, only about a quarter of countries had statistics less than five years old. Of the 114 countries featured on this page, nearly half now have current statistics. Comparable data are not available from most industrialized nations.

Initial estimates for the Central Asian region suggest that as many as 9 million under-fives may be malnourished. This would increase the world total from 165 to 174 million.


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