The Progress of Nations: Education

School standards

Findings from a 1995 survey of primary schools in 14 of the world's poorest countries.

Children and chalk

Average
class size
(grade 1)
% of classrooms
with no usable
chalkboard
Bangladesh 57 47
Benin 71 2
Bhutan 26 3
Burkina Faso 72 79
Cape Verde 33 42
Equat. Guinea 112 48
Ethiopia 65 36
Madagascar 34 51
Maldives 25 51
Nepal 40 -
Tanzania 40 54
Togo 67 8
Uganda 63 35
Zambia 36 44

Language and books

% of pupils
with few or
no books
at home
% of pupils
using different
language in
school and home
Bangladesh 10
Benin 97100
Bhutan 8086
Burkina Faso 8894
Cape Verde 94100
Equat. Guinea 9998
Ethiopia 7616
Madagascar 7184
Maldives 908
Nepal 9334
Tanzania 9791
Togo 71100
Uganda 8760
Zambia 90100

School facilities

% of pupils
in schools
without water
% of school
toilets not
usable
Bangladesh 2348
Benin 4634
Bhutan 532
Burkina Faso 3931
Cape Verde -24
Equat. Guinea 42-
Ethiopia 7212
Madagascar 3636
Maldives 1048
Nepal 2854
Tanzania 3629
Togo 6714
Uganda 3524
Zambia 306

SOURCE Andreas Schleicher, Maria Teresa Siniscalco, and Neville Postlethwaite, The Conditions of Primary Schools: A Pilot Study in the Least Developed Countries', report to UNESCO and UNICEF, September 1995.


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